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Japanese-American Research Project (JARP): a Three-Generation Study, 1890-1966

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Levine, Gene N.
Other Title
  • Version 2 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Free Keywords
acculturation; Asian Americans; cultural attitudes; cultural values; crosscultural perceptions; discrimination; family life; family structure; immigrants; immigration; racial attitudes; religion; social integration
  • Abstract

    This data collection is a sociohistorical study of the ways in which three generations (Issei, Nisei, and Sansei) of Japanese American families adapted to social, cultural, educational, occupational, and other institutions of American life. The study examines the experience of the first immigrants to the United States (Issei), and their children (Nisei) and grandchildren (Sansei). Interviews with Issei families stressed the difficulties faced by the immigrants during their early years in the United States, as well as aspects of social and cultural life. Interviews with Nisei included questions on employment, attitudes toward work, income, education, marriage, social relationships, discrimination, and religion. Topics covered in Sansei interviews included birth order, age, marital status, children, social relationships, occupation, industry, income, education, Japanese value systems, marital choices, influence of parents and grandparents, discrimination, religion, political attitudes, and migration.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Standardized missing values..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Issei File
    • DS2: Nisei File
    • DS3: Sansei File
    • DS4: Codebook for All Parts (PDF)
Temporal Coverage
  • 1890 / 1966
    Time period: 1890--1966
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
The Issei sample was chosen from a project listing 18,000 Issei who survived until 1962 and lived on the United States mainland.
Each generation in this study is a representative nationwide mainland United States sample. The Issei sample was chosen from a project listing 18,000 Issei who survived until 1962 and lived on the United States mainland. It is stratified by county and is designed to achieve equal representation of those living in neighborhoods of six different levels of housing quality. The sample is further stratified to represent the density of the population of the Japanese-American community within each county. Nisei and Sansei respondents were obtained by requesting the names and addresses of children and grandchildren from the parents.
Collection Mode
  • For reasons of confidentiality, the third column (city, county) of all location codes in all three files was blanked with zeros. The first two columns (section, state) of the affected 19 variables remain intact.

2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 4 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 4 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.1997-10-13 The data collection instruments and documentation have been converted to PDF files, and SPSS data definition statements have been added to this collection.
This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 8450 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR08450.v1
  • Caudill, Steven B., Mixon, Franklin G., Jr.. Human capital investment and the internment of Japanese Americans during WWII: A public choice approach. International Journal of Applied Economics.9, (1), 1-14.2012.
  • Tsukashima, Ronald Tadao. Notes on emerging collective action: Ethnic-trade guilds among Japanese Americans in the gardening industry. International Migration Review.32, (2), 374-400.1998.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Sakata, Yasuo. Fading Footsteps of the Issei: An Annotated Check List of the Manuscript Holdings of the Japanese American Research Project Collection. Los Angeles: Asian American Studies Center. 1992.
  • Levine, Gene N., Rhodes, Colbert. The Japanese American Community: A Three-Generation Study. New York: Praeger. 1981.
  • Bonacich, Edna, Modell, John. The Economic Basis of Ethnic Solidarity: Small Business in the Japanese American Community. Berkeley: University of California Press. 1980.
  • Ichioka, Yuji, Sakata, Yasuo, Tsuchida, Nobuya, Yasuhara, Eri. A Buried Past: An Annotated Bibliography of the Japanese American Research Project Collection. Berkeley: University of California Press. 1974.
  • Hosokawa, Bill. Nisei: The Quiet Americans. New York: William Morrow. 1969.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Levine, Gene N. (1986): Japanese-American Research Project (JARP): a Three-Generation Study, 1890-1966. Version 2. Version: v2. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.