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Public Attitudes Toward Deviant Behavior, 1972: Iowa, New Jersey, and Oregon

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Tittle, Charles R.
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • National Science Foundation
Free Keywords
conformity; crime; human behavior; law enforcement; social attitudes
  • Abstract

    The specific purpose of this study was to gather data concerning individuals' perceptions of the likelihood of being caught and punished for committing various minor offenses. However, this study also provides data on several other topics ranging from the respondent's opinion on the importance of following social norms to self-reports of deviant behavior.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Collection date: 1972
Geographic Coverage
  • Iowa
  • New Jersey
  • Oregon
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Individuals aged 15 and over from New Jersey, Iowa, and Oregon.
Samples of the population aged 15 and over in New Jersey, Iowa, and Oregon were drawn by using area probability techniques to identify households. Individual respondents within identified households were then randomly selected for interviews and two callbacks were used to maximize the possibility of including those specific individuals.
Collection Mode
  • Cards 1, 2, 3, and 7, contained more data than were documented in the codebook. These additional variables were recoded to zeros. PART

Funding insitution(s): National Science Foundation (GS-31744).
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 8480 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR08480.v1
  • McCarthy, Bill. Not just 'for the thrill of it': An instrumentalist elaboration of Katz's explanation of sneaky thrill property crimes. Criminology.33, (4), 519 -1995.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.1995.tb01188.x (DOI)
  • Tittle, Charles R., Ward, David A.. The interaction of age with the correlates and causes of crime. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.9, (1), 3-53.1993.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF01064236 (DOI)
  • Tittle, Charles R., Stafford, Mark C.. Urban Theory, Urbanism and Suburban Residence. Social Forces.70, (3), 725-744.1992.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Tittle, Charles R.. Influences on urbanism: A test of predictions from three perspectives. Social Problems.36, (3), 270-288.1989.
    • ID: 10.1525/sp.1989.36.3.03a00050 (DOI)
  • Tittle, Charles R.. Urbanness and Unconventional Behavior: A Partial Test of Claude Fischer's Subcultural Theory. Criminology.27, (2), 273-306.1989.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.1989.tb01033.x (DOI)
  • Tittle, Charles R., Paternoster, Raymond. Geographic mobility and criminal behavior. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency.25, (3), 301-343.1988.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022427888025003005 (DOI)
  • Jackson, Elton F., Tittle, Charles R., Burke, Mary Jean. Offense-specific models of the differential association process. Social Problems.33, (4), 335-356.1986.
    • ID: 10.1525/sp.1986.33.4.03a00060 (DOI)
  • Tittle, Charles R., Burke, Mary Jean, Jackson, Elton F.. Modeling Sutherland's theory of differential association: Toward an empirical clarification. Social Forces.65, (2), 405-432.1986.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Tittle, Charles R., Welch, Michael R.. Religiosity and deviance: Toward a contingency theory of constraining effects. Social Forces.61, (3), 653-682.1983.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Richards, Pamela, Tittle, Charles R.. Socioeconomic Status and Perceptions of Personal Arrest Probabilities. Criminology.20, (3-4), 329-346.1982.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.1982.tb00465.x (DOI)
  • Richards, Pamela, Tittle, Charles R.. Gender and perceived chances of arrest. Social Forces.59, (4), 1182-1199.1981.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Tittle, Charles R.. Sanctions and Social Deviance: The Question of Deterrence. New York: Praeger. 1980.
  • Rowe, Alan R., Tittle, Charles R.. Life cycle changes and criminal propensity. Sociological Quarterly.18, (2), 223-236.1977.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1533-8525.1977.tb01409.x (DOI)
  • Tittle, Charles R.. Sanction fear and the maintenance of social order. Social Forces.55, (3), 579-596.1977.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Tittle, Charles R., Villemez, Wayne J.. Social class and criminality. Social Forces.56, (2), 474-502.1977.
    • ID: (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Tittle, Charles R. (1986): Public Attitudes Toward Deviant Behavior, 1972: Iowa, New Jersey, and Oregon. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.