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Reducing Fear of Crime: Program Evaluation Surveys in Newark and Houston, 1983-1984

Version
v0
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • Pate, Antony
  • Annan, Sampson
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
1986-08-18
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice
Language
English
Free Keywords
crime prevention; police activity; quality of life; victimization; United States; New Jersey-Newark; Texas-Houston
Description
  • Abstract

    Households and establishments in seven neighborhoods in Houston, Texas, and Newark, New Jersey, were surveyed to determine the extent of victimization experiences and crime prevention measures in these areas. Citizens' attitudes toward the police were also examined. Baseline data were collected to determine residents' perceptions of crime, victimization experiences, crime-avoidance behavior, and level of satisfaction with the quality of life in their neighborhoods (Parts 1 and 3). Follow-up surveys were conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of experimental police programs designed to reduce the fear of crime within the communities. These results are presented in Parts 2 and 4. In Part 5, questions similar to those in the baseline survey were posed to two groups of victims who reported crimes to the police. One group had received a follow-up call to provide the victim with information, assistance, and reassurance that someone cared, and the other was a control group of victims that had not received a follow-up call. Part 6 contains data from a newsletter experiment conducted by the police departments after the baseline data were gathered, in one area each of Houston and Newark. Two versions of an anti-crime newsletter were mailed to respondents to the baseline survey and also to nonrespondents living in the area. These groups were then interviewed, along with control groups of baseline respondents and nonrespondents who might have seen the newsletter but were not selected for the mailing. Demographic data collected include age, sex, race, education and employment.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Standardized missing values.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Pre-Intervention Surveys of Residential Neighborhoods
    • DS2: Post-Intervention Surveys of Residential Neighborhoods
    • DS3: Pre-Intervention Surveys of Nonresidential Establishments
    • DS4: Post-Intervention Surveys of Nonresidential Establishments
    • DS5: Follow-Up Study of Victims From Houston, Texas
    • DS6: Newsletter Questionnaire
Temporal Coverage
  • 1983 / 1984
    Time period: 1983--1984
  • 1983 / 1984
    Collection date: 1983--1984
Sampled Universe
Residents and nonresidential establishments from neighborhoods in Newark and Houston.
Sampling
Parts 1 and 6: Random sample of households. Part 2: Follow-up interviews from the same respondents who completed surveys in the pre-intervention stage, and first-time respondents from households in the pre-intervention sample who did not complete the first survey. Parts 3 and 4: Random sample of nonresidential establishments. Part 5: Random sample of victims.
Collection Mode
  • The codebooks and data collection instruments are provided as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided through the ICPSR Website on the Internet.

Note
2006-03-30 File CB8496.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.1998-04-28 Missing data values were standardized for all variables, and the SAS and SPSS data definition statements were modified accordingly. Also, the codebooks and data collection instruments are now available as a Portable Document Format file. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (83-IJ-CX-0003).
Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 8496 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR08496.v1
Publications
  • Skogan, Wesley G.. Concern about crime and confidence in the police: Reassurance or Accountability?. Police Quarterly.12, (3), 301-318.2009.
    • ID: 10.1177/1098611109339893 (DOI)
  • Brown, Lee P., Wycoff, Mary Ann. Policing Houston: Reducing fear and improving service. Crime and Delinquency.33, (1), 71-89.1987.
    • ID: 10.1177/0011128787033001005 (DOI)
  • Skogan, Wesley G.. The impact of victimization on fear. Crime and Delinquency.33, (1), 135-154.1987.
    • ID: 10.1177/0011128787033001008 (DOI)
  • Skogan, Wesley G., Wycoff, Mary Ann. Some unexpected effects of a police service for victims. Crime and Delinquency.33, (4), 190-501.1987.
    • ID: 10.1177/0011128787033004006 (DOI)
  • Williams, Hubert, Pate, Anthony M.. Returning to first principle: Reducing the fear of crime in Newark. Crime and Delinquency.33, (1), 53-70.1987.
    • ID: 10.1177/0011128787033001004 (DOI)
  • Pate, A.M., Wycoff, M., Skogan, W.G., Sherman, L.W.. The Effects of Police Fear Reduction Strategies: A Summary of Findings from Houston and Newark, Final Report. Washington, DC: The Police Foundation. 1986.
  • Annan, Sampson, Wycoff, M.A., Pate, Antony, Skogan, Wesley G.. Fear Reduction Methodology Report. NCJ 102161, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, National Institute of Justice. 1985.
  • Pate, Antony M., Lavrakas, Paul J., Wycoff, Mary Ann, Skogan, Wesley G., Sherman, Lawrence W.. Neighborhood Police Newsletters: Experiments in Newark and Houston. Technical Report.NCJ 102254, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1985.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/102254NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • Pate, Antony M., Lavrakas, Paul J., Wycoff, Mary Ann, Skogan, Wesley G., Sherman, Lawrence W.. Neighborhood Police Newsletters: Experiments in Newark and Houston. Executive Summary.NCJ 102255, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1985.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/102255NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • Pate, Antony M., Skogan, Wesley G., Wycoff, Mary Ann, Annan, Sampson. Coordinated Community Policing: The Newark Experience. Technical Report.NCJ 102181, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1985.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/102181NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • Pate, Antony M., Skogan, Wesley G., Wycoff, Mary Ann, Annan, Sampson. Reducing the 'Signs of Crime': The Newark Experience. Technical Report.NCJ 102307, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1985.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/102307NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • Pate, Antony M., Skogan, Wesley G., Wycoff, Mary Ann, Sherman, Lawrence W.. Coordinated Community Policing: The Newark Experience. Executive Summary.NCJ 102180, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1985.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/102180NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • Pate, Antony M., Skogan, Wesley G., Wycoff, Mary Ann, Sherman, Lawrence W.. Reducing the 'Signs of Crime': The Newark Experience. Executive Summary.NCJ 102306, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1985.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/102306NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • Skogan, Wesley G., Wycoff, Mary Ann. The Houston Victim Recontact Experiment. Technical Report.NCJ 102743, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1985.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/102743NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • Wycoff, Mary Ann, Skogan, Wesley G., Annan, Sampson, Eckman, Gretchen, Epperson, Charles, Pate, Antony M., Sherman, Lawrence W., Houston Fear Reduction Task Force. Citizen Contact Patrol: The Houston Field Test. Technical Report.NCJ 102689, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1985.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/102689NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • Wycoff, Mary Ann, Skogan, Wesley G., Annan, Sampson, Eckman, Gretchen, Kirk, Robin, Pate, Antony, Sherman, Lawrence, Houston Fear Reduction Task Force. Police Community Station: The Houston Field Test. Technical Report.NCJ 102406, Washington, DC: United State Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1985.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/102406NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • Wycoff, Mary Ann, Skogan, Wesley G., Annan, Sampson, Eckman, Gretchen, Pate, Antony M., Sherman, Lawrence W., Houston Community Organizing Response Team. Police as Community Organizers: The Houston Field Test. Technical Report.NCJ 102690, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1985.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/102690NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • Wycoff, Mary Ann, Skogan, Wesley G., Pate, Antony M., Sherman, Lawrence W., Annan, Sampson, Eckman, Gretchen. Police Community Stations: The Houston Field Test. Executive Summary.NCJ 106671, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1985.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/106671NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • Wycoff, Mary Ann, Skogan, Wesley G., Pate, Antony M., Sherman, Lawrence W., Annan, Sampson, Eckman, Gretchen. Police as Community Organizers: The Houston Field Test. Executive Summary.NCJ 102484, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1985.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/102484NCJRS.pdf (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 8 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Pate, Antony; Annan, Sampson (1986): Reducing Fear of Crime: Program Evaluation Surveys in Newark and Houston, 1983-1984. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08496