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National Corrections Reporting Program, 1984

Version
v3
Resource Type
Dataset : administrative records data, event/transaction data, survey data
Creator
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Other Title
  • Version 3 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • National Corrections Reporting Program (NCRP) Series
Publication Date
1988-06-01
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Language
English
Free Keywords
correctional facilities; correctional facilities (juveniles); correctional system; demographic characteristics; federal correctional facilities; jail inmates; juvenile offenders; national crime statistics (USA); offenders; offenses; parole; prison inmates; probation; state correctional facilities
Description
  • Abstract

    This study was conducted to provide a consistent and comprehensive description of convicted persons' entrance into and departure from correctional custody and correctional supervision. To accomplish this goal, data were gathered from official state prison records on topics such as race, sex, and age of inmates, length of time in jail, length of time in prison, and type of offense committed. The data were collected from the state prison systems of 36 states and the Federal Prison System.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Performed consistency checks.; Standardized missing values.; Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Prison Admissions
    • DS2: Prison Releases
    • DS3: Parole Releases
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1984
  • 1984-01-01 / 1984-12-31
    Collection date: 1984-01-01--1984-12-31
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
All persons incarcerated in prisons in the United States.
Sampling
All persons incarcerated in state prisons in 36 states, and the Federal Prison System.
Collection Mode
  • Conducted by the United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.

Note
2010-04-23 The entire NCRP series is being re-released in restricted format.2006-01-18 File UG8497.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.2006-01-18 File SP8497.ALL was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.2006-01-18 File SA8497.ALL was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.2006-01-18 File CB8497.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.1997-08-01 ID labels were revised, and the data have been checked for wild or invalid codes. The codebook and SAS and SPSS data definition statements now document these codes. In addition, the codebook is now available as a PDF file only, and the variable and value labels have been expanded. The User Guide was scanned and is now available as a PDF file. The data file comprising the former Part 1, which was a concatenation of Parts 2, 3, and 4, has been removed and the parts have been renumbered. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics.
Availability
Download
One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions; consult the study documentation to learn more on how to obtain the data.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 8497 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR08497.v2
Publications
  • Kim, KiDeuk, Peterson, Bryce. Aging Behind Bars: Trends and Implications of Graying Prisoners in the Federal Prison System. Washington, DC: Urban Institute. 2014.
    • ID: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/413222-Aging-Behind-Bars.pdf (URL)
  • Lindo, Jason M., Stoecker, Charles. Drawn into violence: Evidence on 'what makes a criminal' from the Vietnam draft lotteries. Economic Inquiry.52, (1), 239-258.2014.
    • ID: 10.1111/ecin.12001 (DOI)
  • Baumer, Eric P., Rosenfeld, Richard, Wolff, Kevin T.. Expanding the scope of research on recent crime trends. NCJ 240204, . 2012.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/240204.pdf (URL)
  • Heimer, Karen, Johnson, Kecia R., Lang, Joseph B., Rengifo, Andres F., Stemen, Don. Race and women's imprisonment: Poverty, African American presence, and social welfare. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.28, (2), 219-244.2012.
    • ID: 10.1007/s10940-011-9144-8 (DOI)
  • Carmichael, Jason T.. Punishing juvenile offenders as adults: An analysis of the social and political determinants of juvenile prison admissions across the United States. Sociological Focus.44, (2), 102-123.2011.
    • ID: 10.1080/00380237.2011.10571390 (DOI)
  • Schlesinger, Traci. The failure of race neutral policies: How mandatory terms and sentencing enhancements contribute to mass racialized incarceration. Crime and Delinquency.57, (1), 56-81.2011.
    • ID: 10.1177/0011128708323629 (DOI)
  • Carmichael, Jason T.. Sentencing disparities for juvenile offenders sentenced to adult prisons: An individual and contextual analysis. Journal of Criminal Justice.38, (4), 747-757.2010.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2010.05.001 (DOI)
  • Patterson, Evelyn J.. Incarcerating death: Mortality in U.S. State correctional facilities, 1985-1998. Demography.47, (3), 587-607.2010.
    • ID: 10.1353/dem.0.0123 (DOI)
  • Patterson, Evelyn J.. Measurement issues in corrections: Quality and compatibility of state correctional data in the United States, 1984-2000. Corrections Compendium.35, (3), 1-13.2010.
  • Pfaff, John F.. The durability of prison populations. The University of Chicago Legal Forum.2010, (1), 73-116.2010.
  • Keen, Bradley, Jacobs, David. Racial threat, partisan politics, and racial disparities in prison admissions: A panel analysis. Criminology.47, (1), 209-238.2009.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.2009.00143.x (DOI)
  • Wildeman, Christopher. Parental imprisonment, the prison boom, and the concentration of childhood disadvantage. Demography.46, (2), 265-280.2009.
  • Oliver, Pamela E.. Racial Patterns in State Trends in Prison Admissions 1983-2003: Drug and Non-Drug Sentences and Revocations. Introduction and National Graphs.. 2008.
    • ID: http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/~oliver/RACIAL/StateTrends/RacialPatterns_Intro_National.pdf (URL)
  • Oliver, Pamela E.. Racial Patterns in State Trends in Prison Admissions 1983-2003: Drug and Non-Drug Sentences and Revocations. State Graphs.. 2008.
    • ID: http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/~oliver/RACIAL/StateTrends/StateGraphs.pdf (URL)
  • Oliver, Pamela E.. Racial Patterns in State Trends in Prison Admissions 1983-2003: Drug and Non-Drug Sentences and Revocations . Comparisons Between States.. 2008.
    • ID: http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/~oliver/RACIAL/StateTrends/AllStateGraphs.pdf (URL)
  • Schlesinger, Traci. Equality at the price of justice. NWSA Journal.20, (2), 27-47.2008.
    • ID: 10.1353/nwsa.0.0036 (DOI)
  • Wildeman, Christopher J.. Parental Incarceration, the Prison Boom, and the Intergenerational Transmission of Stigma and Disadvantage. Thesis, Princeton University. 2008.
  • Patterson, Evelyn J.D.. A Demography of Incarceration: An Analysis of Measurement and Mortality in United States' State Correctional Facilities, 1985-1998. Dissertation, University of Pennsylvania. 2007.
  • Raphael, Steven. Understanding the Causes and Labor Market Consequences of the Steep Increases in U.S. Incarceration Rates. New Labor Market Institutions and the Public Policy Response: A Symposium to Honor Lloyd Ulman.Berkeley, CA. 2007.
  • Vieraitis, Lynne M., Kovandzic, Tomislav V., Marvell, Thomas B.. The criminogenic effects of imprisonment: Evidence from state panel data, 1974-2002. Criminology and Public Policy.6, (3), 589-622.2007.
  • Wildeman, Christopher. Parental Imprisonment, the Prison Boom and the Concentration of Childhood Disadvantage. Population Association of America 2007 Annual Meeting.New York, NY. 2007.
  • Carmichael, Jason T.. The Political Sociology of Juvenile Punishment: Treating Juvenile Offenders as Adults. Dissertation, The Ohio State University. 2006.
  • Western, Bruce. Did falling wages and employment increase U.S. imprisonment?. Social Forces.84, (4), 2291-2312.2006.
    • ID: 10.1353/sof.2006.0114 (DOI)
  • Culp, Richard F.. Frequency and characteristics of prison escapes in the United States: An analysis of national data. Prison Journal.85, (3), 270-291.2005.
    • ID: 10.1177/0032885505279412 (DOI)
  • Iguchi, Martin Y., Bell, James, Ramchand, Rajeev N., Fain, Terry. How criminal system racial disparities may translate into health disparities. Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved.16, (4 Sup. B), 48-56.2005.
    • ID: 10.1353/hpu.2005.0114 (DOI)
  • Baicker, Katherine. The budgetary repercussions of capital convictions. Advances in Economic Analysis and Policy.4, 2004.
    • ID: 10.2202/1538-0637.1311 (DOI)
  • Kuziemko, Ilyana, Levitt, Steven D.. An empirical analysis of imprisoning drug offenders. Journal of Public Economics.88, (9/10), 2043-2066.2004.
    • ID: 10.1016/S0047-2727(03)00020-3 (DOI)
  • Nicholson-Crotty, Sean. The Impact of Sentencing Guidelines on State-Level Sanctions: An Analysis Over Time. Crime and Delinquency.50, (3), 399-411.2004.
    • ID: 10.1177/0011128703258941 (DOI)
  • Oliver, Pamela E., Yocom, James E.. Explaining State Black Imprisonment Rates 1983-1999. San Francisco, CA. 2004.
    • ID: http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/~oliver/RACIAL/Reports/OliverYocomPercent%20BlackAug04.pdf; http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/~oliver/RACIAL/Reports/OliverYocomASA2004Tables.pdf (URL)
  • Pettit, Becky, Western, Bruce. Mass imprisonment and the life course: Race and class inequality in U. S. incarceration. American Sociological Review.69, (2), 151-169.2004.
    • ID: 10.1177/000312240406900201 (DOI)
  • Shepherd, Joanna M.. Murders of passion, execution delays, and the deterrence of capital punishment. Journal of Legal Studies.33, (2), 283-321.2004.
    • ID: 10.1086/421571 (DOI)
  • Bonczar, Thomas P.. Prevalence of Imprisonment in the U.S. Population, 1974-2001. Bureau of Justice Statistics Special Report.NCJ 197976, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 2003.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/piusp01.pdf (URL)
  • Ireland, Connie M.S.. Race, Drugs and Politics: Social Construction of a Prison Nation. University of California, Irvine. 2003.
  • Justice Research and Statistics Association. Crime and Justice Atlas 2001 Update. Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 2001.
    • ID: http://www.jrsa.org/programs/Crime_Atlas_2001-update.pdf (URL)
  • Lynch, James P., Sabol, William J.. Prisoner Re-entry in Perspective. Crime Policy Report.Washington, DC: Urban Institute Justice Policy Center. 2001.
  • Myers, Samuel L., Jr.. The Unintended Impacts of Sentencing on Family Structure. American Sociological Association. 2000.
  • Blumstein, Alfred, Beck, Allen J.. Population growth in U. S. prisons, 1980-1996. Prisons. Crime and Justice: A Review of Research..Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. 1999.
  • Boggess, Scott, Bound, John. Did Criminal Activity Increase during the 1980s? Comparisons across Data Sources. Social Science Quarterly.78, (3), 725-739.1997.
  • Minor-Harper, Stephanie, Innes, Christopher A.. Time Served in Prison and on Parole, 1984, Special Report. Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1987.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics (1988): National Corrections Reporting Program, 1984. Version 3. National Corrections Reporting Program (NCRP) Series. Version: v3. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08497.v3