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Sanctions in the Justice System, 1942-1977: The Effects on Offenders in Racine, Wisconsin

Version
v1
Resource Type
Dataset : event/transaction data, survey data
Creator
  • Shannon, Lyle
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
1987-01-12
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice
Language
English
Free Keywords
criminal justice system; juvenile delinquency; recidivism; sentencing
Description
  • Abstract

    The purpose of this data collection was to evaluate the effectiveness of judicial intervention and varying degrees of sanction severity by comparing persons who have been processed at the juvenile or adult level in the justice system with persons who have not. The main research question was whether the number of judicial interventions and severity of sanctions had any effects on the seriousness of offenders' future offenses or the decision to desist from such behavior. Variables include characteristics of the person who had the police contact as well as items specific to a particular police contact. Others are the number of police contacts, seriousness of police contacts, severity of sanctions, and age, cohort, and decade the contact occurred.
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Interview and Police Contact Data
    • DS2: Police Contact data
Temporal Coverage
  • 1942 / 1976
    Time period: 1942--1976
  • Collection date: 1984
Geographic Coverage
  • Racine
  • United States
  • Wisconsin
Sampled Universe
Persons in Racine, Wisconsin born in 1942, 1949 and 1955.
Sampling
The sample population included 6,127 persons from three birth cohorts, (1942, 1949, and 1955).
Collection Mode
  • The files are contact-by-contact data files, that is, the contact (not the person) is the unit of analysis. Each contact becomes a record. There can be multiple records (contacts) per individual. Each individual is identified by the variable called UID (UNIQUE IDENTIFICATION NUMBER).

Note
2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 3 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 3 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (84-IJ-CX-0013).
Availability
Download
This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 8530 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Publications
  • Howell, James C., Hawkins, J. David. Prevention of youth violence. Youth Violence. Crime and Justice: A review of research.Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. 1998.
  • Shannon, Lyle W.. More Precise Evaluation of the Effects of COPE (Citizen Oriented Police Enforcement). NCJ 103757, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1986.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/103757NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • Shannon, Lyle W.. More Precise Evaluation of the Effects of Sanctions. NCJ 103974, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1986.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/103974NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • Shannon, Lyle W.. More Precise Evaluation of the Effects of Sanctions, Summary Report. NCJ 103973, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1986.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/103973NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • Petersilia, Joan. Criminal career research: A review of recent evidence. Crime and Justice: An Annual Review of Research.Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. 1980.
  • Farrington, David P.. Longitudinal research on crime and delinquency. Crime and Justice: An Annual Review of Research.Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. 1979.
  • Shannon, Lyle W.. Measuring Delinquency and Predicting Later Criminal Careers. NCJ 30145, . 1973.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/30145NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • Anderson, Kathleen. Comparison of Two Offense Seriousness Scales. NCJ 96013, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. .
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/96013NCJRS.pdf (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Shannon, Lyle (1987): Sanctions in the Justice System, 1942-1977: The Effects on Offenders in Racine, Wisconsin. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08530.v1