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World Military Expenditures and Arms Transfers, 1973-1983

Resource Type
Dataset : aggregate data
  • United States Arms Control and Disarmament Agency
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • World Military Expenditures and Arms Transfers [Trade] Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
armaments; armed forces; arms exports; arms imports; arms race; arms trade; arms transfers; defense (military); defense spending; economic indicators; gross national product (GNP); international trade; military expenditures; military personnel; military strength; nations; population characteristics; weapons
  • Abstract

    This data collection, which focuses on military spending and arms transfers, supplies information on 145 developed and developing countries of the world. The first file contains background data for each country, including items such as region, sub-region, alliances (OPEC, NATO, and Warsaw Pact), and OECD and World Bank membership. The second file tabulates annual military expenditures, GNP, central government expenditures, arms imports and exports, and total imports and exports in current and constant dollars for each country from 1973 to 1983. Additional variables detail total population, number of armed forces personnel, number of armed forces personnel per 1000 people, GNP in constant dollars per capita, and military expenditures in constant dollars per capita.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Background Data
    • DS2: Military and Economic Data
Temporal Coverage
  • 1973 / 1983
    Time period: 1973--1983
Geographic Coverage
  • Africa
  • Asia
  • Central America
  • Europe
  • Latin America
  • North America
  • South America
  • Global
145 countries of the world.
Collection Mode
  • Data values are expressed in United States dollars.

2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 3 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 3 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.
This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 8532 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Lebovic, James H.. Consider the Course: Organizational Bias in Estimates of Foreign Military Spending. International Studies Quarterly.42, (1), 161-174.1998.
    • ID: 10.1111/0020-8833.00073 (DOI)
  • Kollias, Christos G.. The Greek-Turkish Conflict and Greek Military Expenditure, 1960-1992. Journal of Peace Research.33, (2), 217-228.1996.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022343396033002007 (DOI)
  • Conybeare, John A.C.. The Portfolio Benefits of Free Riding in Military Alliances. International Studies Quarterly.38, (3), 405-419.1994.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Oneal, John R., Diehl, Paul F.. The Theory of Collective Action and NATO Defense Burdens: New Empirical Tests. Political Research Quarterly.47, (2), 373-396.1994.
  • Mohammed, Nadir A.L., Gyimah-Brempong, Kwabena. Defense Spending and Economic Growth in Subsaharan Africa: Comment on Gyimah-Brempong (and Reply and Rejoinder). Journal of Peace Research.30, (1), 95-99.1993.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022343393030001008 (DOI)
  • Apostolakis, Bobby E.. Warfare-Welfare Expenditure Substitutions in Latin America, 1953-1987. Journal of Peace Research.29, (1), 85-98.1992.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022343392029001007 (DOI)
  • Gyimah-Brempong, Kwabena. Do African Governments Favor Defense in Budgeting?. Journal of Peace Research.29, (2), 191-206.1992.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022343392029002006 (DOI)
  • Maniruzzaman, Talukder. Arms Transfers, Military Coups, and Military Rule in Developing States. Journal of Conflict Resolution.36, (4), 733-755.1992.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022002792036004006 (DOI)
  • McFerson, Hazel M.. Democracy and Development in Africa. Journal of Peace Research.29, (3), 241-248.1992.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022343392029003001 (DOI)
  • Scheetz, Thomas. The Evolution of Public Sector Expenditures: Changing Political Priorities in Argentina, Chile, Paraguay, and Peru. Journal of Peace Research.29, (2), 175-190.1992.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022343392029002005 (DOI)
  • Krause, Keith. Military Statecraft: Power and Influence in Soviet and American Arms Transfer Relationships. International Studies Quarterly.35, (3), 313-336.1991.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Lebovic, James H.. National Interests and US Foreign Aid: The Carter and Reagan Years. Journal of Peace Research.25, (2), 115-135.1988.
    • ID: 10.1177/002234338802500202 (DOI)
  • Lebovic, James H., Ishaq, Ashfaq. Military Burden, Security Needs, and Economic Growth in the Middle East. Journal of Conflict Resolution.31, (1), 106-138.1987.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022002787031001007 (DOI)
  • Brzoska, Michael. Rustungsexportpolitik: Lenkung, Kontrolle und Einschrankung Bundesdeutscher Rustungsexporte in die Dritte Welt. Arnoldshainer Schriften zur Interdisziplinaeren Oekonomie, vol. 11.Frankfurt am Main, Germany: Haag & Herchen. 1986.
  • Ostrom, Charles W., Jr., Marra, Robin F.. U.S. defense spending and the Soviet estimate. American Political Science Review.80, (3), 819-842.1986.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Brzoska, Michael. Arms Transfer Data Sources. Journal of Conflict Resolution.26, (1), 77-108.1982.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022002782026001003 (DOI)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Arms Control and Disarmament Agency (1987): World Military Expenditures and Arms Transfers, 1973-1983. Version 1. World Military Expenditures and Arms Transfers [Trade] Series. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.