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Census of Population and Housing, 1980 [United States]: Public Use Microdata Sample (D Sample) [PUMS-D]

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Census of Population and Housing, 1980 [United States] Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
census data; counties; demographic characteristics; household composition; housing; housing units; housing conditions; labor markets; population
  • Abstract

    The Public Use Microdata Samples (PUMS) from the 1980 Census contain individual-level and household-level information from the "long-form" questionnaires distributed to a sample of the population enumerated in the Census. For PUMS-D, which is a one percent sample, a unique geographic scheme was employed in which counties are grouped into labor market areas. While the A, B, and C PUMS files are hierarchical in structure and contain two types of records ("household" and "person" records), the PUMS-D file has been rectangularized, with information from the household records added at the beginning of each corresponding person record. All standard PUMS variables are provided in this file, including (1)housing information such as year structure was built, plumbing facilities, heating equipment, fuel used, vehicles available, mortgage, rent, and taxes, and (2)person information such as demographic characteristics, schooling, occupation, place of work, transportation to work, and income.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1980
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
All persons and housing units in the United States.
Stratified one percent sample of housing units and persons in them as enumerated in the 1980 census.
Collection Mode
  • The production of PUMS-D was a cooperative effort of the Economic Research Service (United States Department of Agriculture), researchers affiliated with the United States Department of Agriculture Regional Research Project S-184, the Southern Rural Development Center, the North Central Regional Center for Rural Development, and the Northeast Center for Rural Development. These organizations paid the Census Bureau for a special tabulation to produce the basic file of data. Funds from the Committee on Faculty Research Support at Florida State University were used to produce the rectangular version of PUMS-D, which was prepared by Charles Tolbert and Paul Hanna. The data require six 2,400 foot magnetic tapes blocked near 32,000 and written at 6,250 bpi, or approximately 21-23 tapes written at 1,600 bpi. Documentation for this collection incorporates the new record layout for the rectangular PUMS-D file and an appendix of labor market areas with standard Census Bureau documentation pertaining to the Public-Use Microdata Samples.

This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 8646 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR08646.v1
  • Van Hook, Jennifer, Brown, Susan L., Kwenda, Maxwell Ndigume. A Decomposition of Trends in Poverty Among Children of Immigrants. Demography.41, (4), 649-670.2004.
    • ID: 10.1353/dem.2004.0038 (DOI)
  • Chandra, Amitabh. Labor-market dropouts and hte racial wage gap: 1940-1990. American Economic Review.90, (2), 333-338.2000.
    • ID: 10.1257/aer.90.2.333 (DOI)
  • South, Scott J.. Mate availability and the transition to unwed motherhood: A paradox of population structure. Journal of Marriage and Family.58, (2), 265-279.1996.
    • ID: (URL)
  • South, Scott J.. Do You Need to Shop Around? Age and Marriage, Spousal Alternatives, and Marital Dissolution. Journal of Family Issues.16, (4), 432-449.1995.
    • ID: 10.1177/019251395016004002 (DOI)
  • South, Scott J., Lloyd, Kim M.. Spousal alternatives and marital dissolution. American Sociological Review.60, (1), 21-35.1995.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Lichter, Daniel T., LeClere, Felicia B., McLaughlin, Diane K.. Local marriage markets and the marital behavior of black and white women. American Journal of Sociology.96, (4), 843-867.1991.
    • ID: 10.1086/229610 (DOI)
  • Colclough, Glenna, Tolbert, Charles M., III. High Technology, Work, and Inequality in Southern Labor Markets. Work and Occupations.17, (1), 3-29.1990.
    • ID: 10.1177/0730888490017001001 (DOI)
  • Sanders, Jimy M., Nee, Victor. Limits of Ethnic Solidarity in the Enclave Economy. American Sociological Review.52, (6), 745-773.1987.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Tolbert, Charles M., Killiam, Molly Sizer. Labor Market Areas for the United States. Washington, DC: United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural and Rural Economy Division. 1987.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census (1987): Census of Population and Housing, 1980 [United States]: Public Use Microdata Sample (D Sample) [PUMS-D]. Archival Version. Census of Population and Housing, 1980 [United States] Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.