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Current Population Survey, May 1985: Work Schedules, Multiple Jobholding, and Premium Pay

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Current Population Survey Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
census data; demographic characteristics; employment; households; labor force; multiple jobs; population characteristics; population estimates; temporary employment; unemployment; wages and salaries; working hours
  • Abstract

    Standard labor force activity data for the week prior to the survey are provided in this data collection. Comprehensive data are supplied on the employment status, occupation, and industry of persons 14 years old and over. Also presented are personal characteristics such as age, sex, race, marital status, veteran status, household relationship, educational background, and Spanish origin. Supplemental data pertaining to work schedules include items on the usual number of hours worked daily and weekly, usual number of days and specific days worked weekly, starting and ending times of an individual's work day, and whether these starting and ending times could be varied. For deviations from regular work schedules, the main reason a particular schedule or shift was worked is elicited. Questions dealing with overtime include number of extra hours worked and rate of pay. For dual jobholders, data are provided on starting and ending times of the work day, number of weekly hours worked, earnings, occupation, industry, and main reason for working more than one job. This is the first Current Population Survey to contain questions about temporary work and about primary job-related activities completed at home.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1985-05
  • Collection date: 1985-05
Sampled Universe
All persons in the civilian noninstitutional population of the United States living in households.
The probability sample selected to represent the universe consists of approximately 71,000 households.
Collection Mode
  • personal interviews

    During the period from April 1984 through July 1985, the Bureau of the Census systematically introduced a new sample design for the Current Population Survey based on the results of the 1980 decennial census. Due to the phase-in of the new design, the May 1985 CPS sample had two rotation groups in the 629 sample areas of the old design comprising 1,148 counties, independent cities and minor civil divisions, and six rotation groups located in the 729 sample areas of the new design comprising 1,973 counties and equivalent geographic areas in the United States.

2008-04-04 The codebook was updated to include User Note 1 and update Appendix B1.
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 8663 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR08663.v1
  • Hotchkiss, Julie L.. A closer look at the employment impact of the Americans with Disabilities Act. Journal of Human Resources.39, (4), 887-911.2004.
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  • Hamermesh, Daniel S., Trejo, Stephen J.. The demand for hours of labor: Direct evidence for California. Review of Economics and Statistics.82, (1), 38-47.2000.
    • ID: 10.1162/003465300558614 (DOI)
  • Hirsch, Barry T., Macpherson, David A., Hardy, Melissa A.. Occupational age structure and access for older workers. Industrial and Labor Relations Review.53, (3), 401-418.2000.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Hamermesh, Daniel S.. Changing inequality in work injuries and work timing. Monthly Labor Review.122, (10), 22-30.1999.
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  • Hamermesh, Daniel S.. Crime and the timing of work. Journal of Urban Economics.45, (2), 311-330.1999.
    • ID: 10.1006/juec.1998.2106 (DOI)
  • Bell, Linda A.. Differences in Work Hours and Hours Preferences by Race in the U.S.. Review of Social Economy.56, (4), 481-500.1998.
    • ID: 10.1080/00346769800000046 (DOI)
  • Bollinger, Christopher R.. Measurement error in the Current Population Survey: A nonparametric look. Journal of Labor Economics.16, (3), 576 -1998.
    • ID: 10.1086/209899 (DOI)
  • Card, David, McCall, Brian P.. Is workers' compensation covering uninsured medical costs? Evidence from the 'Monday Effect'. Industrial and Labor Relations Review.49, (4), 690-706.1996.
    • ID: (URL)
  • MacDonald, James M., Cavalluzzo, Linda C.. Railroad deregulation: Pricing reforms, shipper responses, and the effects on labor. Industrial and Labor Relations Review.50, (1), 80-91.1996.
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  • Neumark, David, Wascher, William. Reconciling the evidence on employment effects of minimum wages: A review of our research findings. The Effects of the Minimum Wage on Employment.Washington, DC: AEI Press. 1996.
  • Shapiro, Matthew D.. Macroeconomic implications of variation in the workweek of capital. Brookings Papers on Economic Activity.(2), 79-133.1996.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Lakhani, Hyder. Reenlistment intentions of citizen soldiers in the U.S. Army. Armed Forces and Society.22, (1), 117 -1995.
    • ID: 10.1177/0095327X9502200107 (DOI)
  • Neumark, David, Wascher, William. Minimum Wage Effects on Employment and School Enrollment. Journal of Business and Economic Statistics.13, (2), 199-206.1995.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Card, David, Katz, Lawrence F., Krueger, Alan B.. Comment on David Neumark and William Wascher, `Employment Effects of Minimum and Subminimum Wages: Panel Data on State Minimum Wage Laws'. Industrial and Labor Relations Review.48, (3), 487-496.1994.
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  • Hendricks, Wallace. Deregulation and labor earnings. Journal of Labor Research.15, (31), 207-234.1994.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF02685767 (DOI)
  • Jordan, Lisa M.. Flexible Work, Constrained Choices: An Alternative Understanding of Women in Contingent Employment. Dissertation, University of Notre Dame. 1994.
  • Neumark, David, Wascher, William. Employment effects of minimum and subminimum wages: Reply to Card, Katz, and Krueger. Industrial and Labor Relations Review.47, 497-512.1994.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Heywood, John S., Nezlek, George. The Gender Wage Gap among Software Workers: Trends over the Last Two Decades. Social Science Quarterly.74, (3), 603-613.1993.
  • Partridge, Mark. Technology, international competitiveness, and union behavior. Journal of Labor Research.14, (2), 131 -1993.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF02685661 (DOI)
  • Peoples, James, Saunders, Lisa. Trucking deregulation and the black/white wage gap. Industrial and Labor Relations Review.47, (1), 23-35.1993.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Presser, Harriet B., Bamberger, Elizabeth. American Women Who Work at Home for Pay: Distinctions and Determinants. Social Science Quarterly.74, (4), 815-837.1993.
  • Trejo, Stephen J.. Overtime pay, overtime hours, and labor unions. Journal of Labor Economics.11, (2), 253-278.1993.
    • ID: 10.1086/298296 (DOI)
  • Eche, Thomas Maduabuchi. Detrminants of Weekly Work Schedules. Dissertation, Texas Tech University. 1992.
  • Katz, Jerome A.. Secondary analysis in entrepreneurship: An introduction to databases and data management. Journal of Small Business Management.30, (2), 74 -1992.
  • Neumark, David, Wascher, William. Employment effects of minimum wages and subminimum wages: Panel data on state minimum wage laws. Industrial and Labor Relations Review.46, (1), 55-81.1992.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Curme, Michael A., Hirsch, Barry T., MacPherson, David A.. Union Membership and Contract Coverage in the United States, 1983-1988. Industrial and Labor Relations Review.44, (1), 5-33.1990.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Kosters, Marvin H.. Schooling, Work Experience, And Wage Trends. American Economic Review.80, (2), 308 -1990.
  • Kostiuk, Peter F.. Compensating differentials for shift work. Journal of Political Economy.98, (5--Part 1), 1054-1075.1990.
    • ID: 10.1086/261719 (DOI)
  • Linneman, Peter D., Wachter, Michael L., Carter, William H.. Evaluating the Evidence on Union Employment and Wages. Industrial and Labor Relations Review.44, (1), 34-53.1990.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Flaim, Paul O.. How Many New Jobs Since 1982? Data from Two Surveys Differ. Monthly Labor Review.112, (8), 10-15.1989.
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  • Peoples, James H.. Wage outcomes following the divestiture of AT&T. Information Economics and Policy.4, (2), 105-126.1989.
    • ID: 10.1016/0167-6245(89)90002-4 (DOI)
  • Presser, Harriet B.. Can We Make Time for Children? The Economy, Work Schedules and Child Care. Demography.26, (4), 523-543.1989.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Gwartney-Gibbs, Patricia A., Hundley, Gregory S.. Inequality in Workplace Jurisprudence: Sex Differences in Union Contract Coverage. American Sociological Association. 1988.
  • Hirsch, Barry T.. Trucking regulation, unionization, and labor earnings: 1973-85. Journal of Human Resources.23, (3), 296-319.1988.
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  • Spitz, Janet, Pfeffer, Jeffrey. Wage effects of externalized work: The case of temporary and part-time workers. Stanford University, Graduate School of Business, . 1987.
  • (author unknown). A special section on the time we spend working. Monthly Labor Review.109, 3-47.1986.
  • (author unknown). U.S. Data Say 5.7 Million Were Moonlighting in '85. Wall Street Journal.1 -1986.
  • Carr, Darrell E.. Overtime Work: An Expanded View. Monthly Labor Review.109, (11), 36-39.1986.
  • Horvath, Francis W.. Work at Home: New Findings from the Current Population Survey. Monthly Labor Review.109, (11), 31-35.1986.
  • Howe, Wayne J.. Temporary Help Workers: Who They Are, What Jobs They Hold. Monthly Labor Review.109, (11), 45-47.1986.
  • Klein, Bruce W.. Missed Work and Lost Hours, May 1985. Monthly Labor Review.109, (11), 26-30.1986.
  • Mellor, Earl F.. Shift Work and Flexitime: How Prevalent Are They?. Monthly Labor Review.109, (11), 14-21.1986.
  • Shank, Susan. Preferred hours of work and corresponding earnings. Monthly Labor Review.109, (11), 40-44.1986.
  • Smith, Shirley J.. The Growing Diversity of Work Schedules. Monthly Labor Review.109, (11), 7-13.1986.
  • Stinson, John F., Jr.. Moonlighting by women jumped to record highs. Monthly Labor Review.109, 22-25.1986.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 8 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census (1987): Current Population Survey, May 1985: Work Schedules, Multiple Jobholding, and Premium Pay. Archival Version. Current Population Survey Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.