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Consumer Expenditure Survey, 1984: Interview Survey

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • United States Department of Labor. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Other Title
  • Version 2 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Consumer Expenditure Survey Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
automobile expenses; consumer behavior; consumer expenditures; consumption; debt; demographic characteristics; durable goods; employment; energy consumption; families; fixed income; food costs; household appliances; household budgets; household expenditures; household income; housing costs; insurance; purchasing; recreation expenses; taxes; unemployment benefits; vehicles; wages and salaries
  • Abstract

    The ongoing Consumer Expenditure Survey (CES) provides a continuous flow of information on the buying habits of American consumers and also furnishes data to support periodic revisions of the Consumer Price Index. The Consumer Expenditure Survey (CES) consists of two separate components: (1) a quarterly Interview panel survey in which each consumer unit in the sample is interviewed every three months over a 15-month period, and (2) a Diary or record keeping survey completed by the sample consumer units for two consecutive one-week periods. The Interview survey was designed to collect data on major items of expense, household characteristics, and income. The expenditures covered by the survey are those which respondents can recall fairly accurately for three months or longer. In general, these expenditures include relatively large purchases, such as those for property, automobiles, and major appliances, or expenditures which occur on a fairly regular basis, such as rent, utilities, or insurance premiums. Expenditures incurred while on trips are also covered by the survey. Excluded are nonprescription drugs, household supplies, and personal care items. Including global estimates on spending for food, it is estimated that about 95 percent of expenditures are covered in the Interview survey. The Consumer Unit Characteristics and Income (FMLY) files in this collection contain consumer unit characteristics, consumer unit income, characteristics and earnings of the reference person, and characteristics and earnings of the spouse. Summary expenditure data are also provided. The Member Characteristics and Income (MEMB) files present selected characteristics for each consumer unit member, including reference person and spouse. Each record in the FMLY and MEMB files consists of three months of data. Detailed Expenditures (MTAB) files provide monthly data at the Universal Classification Code (UCC) level. In these files expenditures for each consumer unit are classified according to UCC categories and are specified as gifts or non-gifts. The Income (ITAB) files supply monthly data at the UCC level for consumer unit characteristics and income. Parts 21 through 25 of the collection offer consumer durables information for the following topics: household appliance purchases, inventory of appliances, vehicle inventory and purchases, vehicle disposals, and travel. Parts 26 and 27 are files designed for use with the printed publication based on these data.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Created variable labels and/or value labels..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: 1984 First Quarter: Family Characteristics and Income
    • DS2: 1984 First Quarter: Member Characteristics and Income
    • DS3: 1984 First Quarter: Monthly Expenditures
    • DS4: 1984 First Quarter: Monthly Income
    • DS5: 1984 Second Quarter: Family Characteristics and Income
    • DS6: 1984 Second Quarter: Member Characteristics and Income
    • DS7: 1984 Second Quarter: Monthly Expenditures
    • DS8: 1984 Second Quarter: Monthly Income
    • DS9: 1984 Third Quarter: Family Characteristics and Income
    • DS10: 1984 Third Quarter: Member Characteristics and Income
    • DS11: 1984 Third Quarter: Monthly Expenditures
    • DS12: 1984 Third Quarter: Monthly Income
    • DS13: 1984 Fourth Quarter: Family Characteristics and Income
    • DS14: 1984 Fourth Quarter: Member Characteristics and Income
    • DS15: 1984 Fourth Quarter: Monthly Expenditures
    • DS16: 1984 Fourth Quarter: Monthly Income
    • DS17: 1985 First Quarter: Family Characteristics and Income
    • DS18: 1985 First Quarter: Member Characteristics and Income
    • DS19: 1985 First Quarter: Monthly Expenditures
    • DS20: 1985 First Quarter: Monthly Income
    • DS21: 1984-1985: Purchases of Household Appliances
    • DS22: 1984-1985: Inventory of Household Appliances
    • DS23: 1984-1985: Inventory and Purchases of Owned Vehicles
    • DS24: 1984-1985: Disposal of Owned Vehicles
    • DS25: 1984-1985: Trips and Vacations
    • DS26: Publication Aggregation
    • DS27: Publication Labels
    • DS28: Universal Classification Code Titles
    • DS29: Vehicle Make/Model Code Titles
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1984
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Total civilian, non-institutionalized population of the United States.
The CES is based on a national probability sample of households. The sampling frame was generated from the 1970 Census 100 percent detail file, augmented by new construction permits and coverage improvement techniques used to eliminate recognized deficiencies in that census. The sample design is a rotating panel survey in which one-fifth of the sample is dropped and a new group added each quarter. Each panel is interviewed for five consecutive quarters and then dropped from the survey.
Collection Mode
  • This survey includes both urban and rural data.

    Setup statements and system files are based on the information provided by the codebooks.

2010-07-14 New data, setup, and system files were generated and added to the archive for subsequent distribution.2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 30 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 30 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.
This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 8671 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR08671.v1
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    • ID: 10.1086/340782 (DOI)
  • Bils, Mark, Klenow, Peter J.. Quantifying quality growth. American Economic Review.91, (4), 1006-1030.2001.
    • ID: 10.1257/aer.91.4.1006 (DOI)
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  • Souleles, Nicholas S.. College tuition and household savings and consumption. Journal of Public Economics.77, (2), 185-207.2000.
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    • ID: 10.1257/aer.89.4.959 (DOI)
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  • Fan, Jessie X.. Ethnic differences in household expenditure patterns. Family and Consumer Sciences Research Journal.26, (4), 371-400.1998.
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  • Fan, Jessie X., Zuiker, Virginia Solis. A comparison of household budget allocation patterns between Hispanic Americans and non-Hispanic White Americans. Journal of Family and Economic Issues.19, (2), 151-174.1998.
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  • Paulin, Geoffrey, Riordon, Brian. Making it on their own: The baby boom meets Generation X. Monthly Labor Review.121, (2), 10-21.1998.
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  • Anonymous. Share of income spent on food. Family Economics and Nutrition Review.10, (1), 49-50.1997.
  • Fan, Jessie X.. An approach to adding price information to the Consumer Expenditure Survey. Consumer Interests Annual.42, 197-202.1996.
  • Goldberg, Pinelopi Koujianou. Dealer Price Discrimination in New Car Purchases: Evidence from the Consumer Expenditure Survey. Journal of Political Economy.104, (3), 622-654.1996.
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  • Attanasio, Orazio P., Weber, Guglielmo. Is Consumption Growth Consistent with Intertemporal Optimization. Journal of Political Economy.103, (6), 1121-1157.1995.
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    • ID: 10.1093/geront/35.1.10 (DOI)
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  • Rubin, Rose M., Nieswiadomy, Michael L.. Economic adjustments of households on entry into retirement. Journal of Applied Gerontology.14, (4), 467-482.1995.
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    • ID: 10.1177/1077727X95233005 (DOI)
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  • Attanasio, Orazio P., Weber, Guglielmo. Is Consumption Growth Consistent with Intertemporal Optimization? Evidence from the Consumer Expenditure Survey. NBER Working Paper Series.4795, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 1994.
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  • Caspersen, Erik, Metcalf, Gilbert. Is a Value Added Tax Regressive? Annual Versus Lifetime Incidence Measures. National Tax Journal.47, (4), 731-746.1994.
  • Haller, H. Brandon, Norpoth, Helmut. Let the good times roll: The economic expectations of U.S. voters. American Journal of Political Science.38, (3), 625-650.1994.
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  • Nelson, Julie A.. Comment-On Testing for Full Insurance Using Consumer Expenditure Survey Data. Journal of Political Economy.102, (2), 384-394.1994.
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  • Rubin, Rose M., Riney, Bobye J.. Workig Wives and Dual-Earner Families. Westport: Praeger. 1994.
  • Branch, E. Raphael. Short run income elasticity of demand for residential electricity using Consumer Expenditure Survey data. Energy Journal.4, (4), 111-121.1993.
  • Fullerton, Don, Rogers, Diane Lim. Who Bears the Lifetime Tax Burden?. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution. 1993.
  • Hitschler, Pamela B.. Spending by Older Consumers: 1980 and 1990 Compared. Monthly Labor Review.116, (5), 3-13.1993.
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  • Peng, Ruijue. The Use of the Consumer Expenditure Survey in the Analysis of Renovation and Repair Expenditures. Working Paper.W92-5, Joint Center for Housing Studies of Harvard University. 1992.
  • Bosworth, Barry, Burtless, Gary, Sabelhaus, John. The Decline in Saving: Some Microeconomic Evidence. Brookings Papers on Economic Activity.1, 183-241.1991.
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  • Lino, Mark. Factors affecting expenditures of single-parent households. Home Economics Research Journal.18, 191-201.1990.
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Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Labor. Bureau of Labor Statistics (1987): Consumer Expenditure Survey, 1984: Interview Survey. Version 2. Consumer Expenditure Survey Series. Version: v2. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.