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Consumer Expenditure Survey, 1984: Interview Survey

Version
v2
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • United States Department of Labor. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Other Title
  • Version 2 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Consumer Expenditure Survey Series
Publication Date
1987-05-19
Language
English
Free Keywords
automobile expenses; consumer behavior; consumer expenditures; consumption; debt; demographic characteristics; durable goods; employment; energy consumption; families; fixed income; food costs; household appliances; household budgets; household expenditures; household income; housing costs; insurance; purchasing; recreation expenses; taxes; unemployment benefits; vehicles; wages and salaries
Description
  • Abstract

    The ongoing Consumer Expenditure Survey (CES) provides a continuous flow of information on the buying habits of American consumers and also furnishes data to support periodic revisions of the Consumer Price Index. The Consumer Expenditure Survey (CES) consists of two separate components: (1) a quarterly Interview panel survey in which each consumer unit in the sample is interviewed every three months over a 15-month period, and (2) a Diary or record keeping survey completed by the sample consumer units for two consecutive one-week periods. The Interview survey was designed to collect data on major items of expense, household characteristics, and income. The expenditures covered by the survey are those which respondents can recall fairly accurately for three months or longer. In general, these expenditures include relatively large purchases, such as those for property, automobiles, and major appliances, or expenditures which occur on a fairly regular basis, such as rent, utilities, or insurance premiums. Expenditures incurred while on trips are also covered by the survey. Excluded are nonprescription drugs, household supplies, and personal care items. Including global estimates on spending for food, it is estimated that about 95 percent of expenditures are covered in the Interview survey. The Consumer Unit Characteristics and Income (FMLY) files in this collection contain consumer unit characteristics, consumer unit income, characteristics and earnings of the reference person, and characteristics and earnings of the spouse. Summary expenditure data are also provided. The Member Characteristics and Income (MEMB) files present selected characteristics for each consumer unit member, including reference person and spouse. Each record in the FMLY and MEMB files consists of three months of data. Detailed Expenditures (MTAB) files provide monthly data at the Universal Classification Code (UCC) level. In these files expenditures for each consumer unit are classified according to UCC categories and are specified as gifts or non-gifts. The Income (ITAB) files supply monthly data at the UCC level for consumer unit characteristics and income. Parts 21 through 25 of the collection offer consumer durables information for the following topics: household appliance purchases, inventory of appliances, vehicle inventory and purchases, vehicle disposals, and travel. Parts 26 and 27 are files designed for use with the printed publication based on these data.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Created variable labels and/or value labels..
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: 1984 First Quarter: Family Characteristics and Income
    • DS2: 1984 First Quarter: Member Characteristics and Income
    • DS3: 1984 First Quarter: Monthly Expenditures
    • DS4: 1984 First Quarter: Monthly Income
    • DS5: 1984 Second Quarter: Family Characteristics and Income
    • DS6: 1984 Second Quarter: Member Characteristics and Income
    • DS7: 1984 Second Quarter: Monthly Expenditures
    • DS8: 1984 Second Quarter: Monthly Income
    • DS9: 1984 Third Quarter: Family Characteristics and Income
    • DS10: 1984 Third Quarter: Member Characteristics and Income
    • DS11: 1984 Third Quarter: Monthly Expenditures
    • DS12: 1984 Third Quarter: Monthly Income
    • DS13: 1984 Fourth Quarter: Family Characteristics and Income
    • DS14: 1984 Fourth Quarter: Member Characteristics and Income
    • DS15: 1984 Fourth Quarter: Monthly Expenditures
    • DS16: 1984 Fourth Quarter: Monthly Income
    • DS17: 1985 First Quarter: Family Characteristics and Income
    • DS18: 1985 First Quarter: Member Characteristics and Income
    • DS19: 1985 First Quarter: Monthly Expenditures
    • DS20: 1985 First Quarter: Monthly Income
    • DS21: 1984-1985: Purchases of Household Appliances
    • DS22: 1984-1985: Inventory of Household Appliances
    • DS23: 1984-1985: Inventory and Purchases of Owned Vehicles
    • DS24: 1984-1985: Disposal of Owned Vehicles
    • DS25: 1984-1985: Trips and Vacations
    • DS26: Publication Aggregation
    • DS27: Publication Labels
    • DS28: Universal Classification Code Titles
    • DS29: Vehicle Make/Model Code Titles
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1984
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Total civilian, non-institutionalized population of the United States.
Sampling
The CES is based on a national probability sample of households. The sampling frame was generated from the 1970 Census 100 percent detail file, augmented by new construction permits and coverage improvement techniques used to eliminate recognized deficiencies in that census. The sample design is a rotating panel survey in which one-fifth of the sample is dropped and a new group added each quarter. Each panel is interviewed for five consecutive quarters and then dropped from the survey.
Collection Mode
  • This survey includes both urban and rural data.

    Setup statements and system files are based on the information provided by the codebooks.

Note
2010-07-14 New data, setup, and system files were generated and added to the archive for subsequent distribution.2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 30 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 30 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.
Availability
Download
This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 8671 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR08671.v1
Publications
  • Aguiar, Mark A., Bils, Mark. Has Consumption Inequality Mirrored Income Inequality?. NBER Working Paper Series.16807, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 2011.
    • ID: http://www.nber.org/papers/w16807.pdf (URL)
  • Attanasio, Orazio P., Paiella, Monica. Intertemporal consumption choices, transaction costs and limited participation in financial markets: Reconciling data and theory. Journal of Applied Econometrics.26, (2), 322-343.2011.
    • ID: 10.1002/jae.1154 (DOI)
  • Gervais, Martin, Klein, Paul. Measuring consumption smoothing in CEX data. Journal of Monetary Economics.57, (8), 988-999.2010.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jmoneco.2010.08.009 (DOI)
  • Heathcote, Jonathan, Perri, Fabrizio, Violante, Giovanni L.. Unequal we stand: An empirical analysis of economic inequality in the United States, 1967-2006. Review of Economic Dynamics.13, (1), 15-51.2010.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.red.2009.10.010 (DOI)
  • Gelber, Alexander M., Mitchell, Joshua W.. Taxes and Time Allocation: Evidence from Single Women. NBER Working Paper Series.15583, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 2009.
    • ID: http://www.nber.org/papers/w15583.pdf (URL)
  • Primiceri, Giorgio E., van Rens, Thijs. Heterogeneous life-cycle profiles, income risk and consumption inequality. Journal of Monetary Economics.56, (1), 20-39.2009.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jmoneco.2008.10.001 (DOI)
  • Blundell, Richard, Pistaferri, Luigi, Preston, Ian. Consumption inequality and partial insurance. American Economic Review.98, (5), 1887-1921.2008.
    • ID: 10.1257/aer.98.5.1887 (DOI)
  • Polkovnichenko, Nataliya. Empirical Tests of Consumption-Based Asset Pricing Models Using Household-Level Consumption Data. Dissertation, University of Minnesota. 2008.
  • Stephens, Melvin, Jr.. The consumption response to predictable changes in discretionary income: Evidence from the repayment of vehicle loans. Review of Economics and Statistics.90, (2), 241-252.2008.
    • ID: 10.1162/rest.90.2.241 (DOI)
  • Rajeev, Dehejia, Thomas, Deleire, Erzo, Luttmer F P. Insuring consumption and happiness through religious organizations. Journal of Public Economics.91, (1-2), 259-279.2007.
  • Krueger, Dirk, Perri, Fabrizio. Does income inequality lead to consumption inequality? Evidence and theory. Review of Economic Studies.73, (254), 163-193.2006.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1467-937X.2006.00373.x (DOI)
  • DeLeire, Thomas, Kalil, Ariel. How do cohabiting couples with children spend their money?. Journal of Marriage and Family.67, (2), 286-295.2005.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.0022-2445.2005.00116.x (DOI)
  • Dehejia, Rajeev, DeLeire, Thomas, Luttmer, Erzo F.P.. Insuring Consumption and Happiness Through Religious Organizations. Faculty Research Working Paper Series.RWP05-047, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University, John F. Kennedy School of Government. 2005.
    • ID: http://ksgnotes1.harvard.edu/Research/wpaper.nsf/rwp/RWP05-047/$File/rwp%5F05%5F047%5Fluttmer.pdf (URL)
  • Dehejia, Rajeev, Deleire, Thomas, Luttmer, Erzo FP. Insuring Consumption and Happiness through Religious Organizations. NBER Working Paper No. 11576.Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 2005.
    • ID: http://www.nber.org/papers/w11576 (URL)
  • Fan, Jessie X., Zick, Cathleen D.. The economic burden of health care, funeral, and burial expenditures at the end of life. Journal of Consumer Affairs.38, (1), 35-55.2004.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-6606.2004.tb00464.x (DOI)
  • Fan, Jessie X., Sharpe, Deanna L., Hong, Gong-Soog. Health care and prescription drug spending by seniors. Monthly Labor Review.126, (3), 16-26.2003.
  • Nicol, C.J.. Elasticities of demand for gasoline in Canada and the United States. Energy Economics.25, (2), 201-214.2003.
    • ID: 10.1016/S0140-9883(03)00002-1 (DOI)
  • Vissing-Jørgensen, Annette. Limited asset market participation and the elasticity of intertemporal substitution. Journal of Political Economy.110, (4), 825-853.2002.
    • ID: 10.1086/340782 (DOI)
  • Bils, Mark, Klenow, Peter J.. Quantifying quality growth. American Economic Review.91, (4), 1006-1030.2001.
    • ID: 10.1257/aer.91.4.1006 (DOI)
  • Nicol, Christopher J.. The rank and model specification of demand systems: An empirical analysis using United States microdata. Canadian Journal of Economics.34, (1), 259-289.2001.
    • ID: 10.1111/0008-4085.00074 (DOI)
  • Barrow, Lisa, McGranahan, Leslie. The effects of the earned income credit on the seasonality of household expenditures. National Tax Journal.53, (4), 1211-1243.2000.
  • Souleles, Nicholas S.. College tuition and household savings and consumption. Journal of Public Economics.77, (2), 185-207.2000.
    • ID: 10.1016/S0047-2727(99)00068-7 (DOI)
  • Parker, Jonathan A.. The reaction of household consumption to predictable changes in social security taxes. American Economic Review.89, (4), 959-973.1999.
    • ID: 10.1257/aer.89.4.959 (DOI)
  • Souleles, Nicholas S.. The response of household consumption to income tax refunds. American Economic Review.89, (4), 947-958.1999.
    • ID: 10.1257/aer.89.4.947 (DOI)
  • Fan, Jessie X.. Ethnic differences in household expenditure patterns. Family and Consumer Sciences Research Journal.26, (4), 371-400.1998.
    • ID: 10.1177/1077727X980264001 (DOI)
  • Fan, Jessie X., Zuiker, Virginia Solis. A comparison of household budget allocation patterns between Hispanic Americans and non-Hispanic White Americans. Journal of Family and Economic Issues.19, (2), 151-174.1998.
    • ID: 10.1023/A:1022900707619 (DOI)
  • Paulin, Geoffrey, Riordon, Brian. Making it on their own: The baby boom meets Generation X. Monthly Labor Review.121, (2), 10-21.1998.
    • ID: http://stats.bls.gov/opub/mlr/1998/02/art2full.pdf (URL)
  • Anonymous. Share of income spent on food. Family Economics and Nutrition Review.10, (1), 49-50.1997.
  • Fan, Jessie X.. An approach to adding price information to the Consumer Expenditure Survey. Consumer Interests Annual.42, 197-202.1996.
  • Goldberg, Pinelopi Koujianou. Dealer Price Discrimination in New Car Purchases: Evidence from the Consumer Expenditure Survey. Journal of Political Economy.104, (3), 622-654.1996.
    • ID: 10.1086/262035 (DOI)
  • Attanasio, Orazio P., Weber, Guglielmo. Is Consumption Growth Consistent with Intertemporal Optimization. Journal of Political Economy.103, (6), 1121-1157.1995.
    • ID: 10.1086/601443 (DOI)
  • Cook, Fay Lomax, Setterstein, Richard A., Jr.. Expenditure patterns by age and income among mature adults: Does age matter?. Gerontologist.35, (1), 10 -1995.
    • ID: 10.1093/geront/35.1.10 (DOI)
  • Oh, Dong-Hoon. Housing Budget Share, Housing Expenditure, and Housing Affordability of U.S. Urban Households by Housing Tenure. Dissertation, Ohio State University. 1995.
  • Rubin, Rose M., Nieswiadomy, Michael L.. Economic adjustments of households on entry into retirement. Journal of Applied Gerontology.14, (4), 467-482.1995.
    • ID: 10.1177/073346489501400407 (DOI)
  • Zhang, Zhiming, Norton, Marjorie J.T.. Family members' expenditures for clothing categories. Family and Consumer Sciences Research Journal.23, (3), 311-336.1995.
    • ID: 10.1177/1077727X95233005 (DOI)
  • Attanasio, Orazio P.. Personal Saving in the United States. International Comparisons of Household Saving.Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 1994.
  • Attanasio, Orazio P., Weber, Guglielmo. Is Consumption Growth Consistent with Intertemporal Optimization? Evidence from the Consumer Expenditure Survey. NBER Working Paper Series.4795, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 1994.
    • ID: http://papers.nber.org/papers/w4795.pdf (URL)
  • Caspersen, Erik, Metcalf, Gilbert. Is a Value Added Tax Regressive? Annual Versus Lifetime Incidence Measures. National Tax Journal.47, (4), 731-746.1994.
  • Haller, H. Brandon, Norpoth, Helmut. Let the good times roll: The economic expectations of U.S. voters. American Journal of Political Science.38, (3), 625-650.1994.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2111600 (URL)
  • Nelson, Julie A.. Comment-On Testing for Full Insurance Using Consumer Expenditure Survey Data. Journal of Political Economy.102, (2), 384-394.1994.
    • ID: 10.1086/261937 (DOI)
  • Rubin, Rose M., Riney, Bobye J.. Workig Wives and Dual-Earner Families. Westport: Praeger. 1994.
  • Branch, E. Raphael. Short run income elasticity of demand for residential electricity using Consumer Expenditure Survey data. Energy Journal.4, (4), 111-121.1993.
  • Fullerton, Don, Rogers, Diane Lim. Who Bears the Lifetime Tax Burden?. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution. 1993.
  • Hitschler, Pamela B.. Spending by Older Consumers: 1980 and 1990 Compared. Monthly Labor Review.116, (5), 3-13.1993.
    • ID: http://stats.bls.gov/opub/mlr/1993/05/art1full.pdf (URL)
  • Mayer, Susan, Jencks, Christopher. Recent trends in economic inequality in the United States: Income versus expenditure versus material wellbeing. Poverty and Prosperity in the U.S.A. the late twentieth century.New York: St. Martin's. 1993.
  • Sawtelle, Barbara A.. Income Elasticities of Household Expenditures: A U.S. Cross-Section Perspective. Applied Economics.25, (5), 635-644.1993.
    • ID: 10.1080/00036849300000008 (DOI)
  • Slesnick, Daniel T.. Gaining Ground: Poverty in the Postwar United States. Journal of Political Economy.101, (1), 1-38.1993.
    • ID: 10.1086/261864 (DOI)
  • Crown, William H., Capitman, John, Leutz, Walter N.. Economic Rationality, the Affordability of Private Long-Term Care Insurance, and the Role for Public Policy. Gerontologist.32, (4), 478-485.1992.
    • ID: 10.1093/geront/32.4.478 (DOI)
  • Cutler, David M., Katz, Lawrence F.. Rising Inequality? Changes in the Distribution of Income and Consumption in the 1980s. American Economic Review.82, (2), 546-551.1992.
  • Cutler, David M., Katz, Lawrence F.. Rising Inequality? Changes in the Distribution of Income and Consumption in the 1980s. NBER Working Paper Series.3964, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 1992.
    • ID: http://papers.nber.org/papers/w3964.pdf (URL)
  • Gray, Maureen Boyle. Consumer Spending on Durables and Services in the 1980's. Monthly Labor Review.115, (5), 18-26.1992.
    • ID: http://stats.bls.gov/opub/mlr/1992/05/art3full.pdf (URL)
  • Peng, Ruijue. The Use of the Consumer Expenditure Survey in the Analysis of Renovation and Repair Expenditures. Working Paper.W92-5, Joint Center for Housing Studies of Harvard University. 1992.
  • Bosworth, Barry, Burtless, Gary, Sabelhaus, John. The Decline in Saving: Some Microeconomic Evidence. Brookings Papers on Economic Activity.1, 183-241.1991.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2534640 (URL)
  • Cutler, David M., Katz, Lawrence F.. Macroeconomic performance and the disadvantaged. Brookings Papers on Economic Activity.1991, (2), 1-61.1991.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2534589 (URL)
  • Garner, Thesia I., Wagner, Janet. Economic dimensions of household gift giving. Journal of Consumer Research.18, (3), 368-379.1991.
    • ID: 10.1086/209266 (DOI)
  • Lino, Mark. Changes in income and expenditures for families with children in the 1980s. Family Economic Well-being in the Next Century: Challenges, Changes, Continuity.St. Paul, MN: University of Minnesota. 1991.
  • Zhang, Zhiming. The Determinants of Household Service Expenditures in the United States. Dissertation, University of Maryland-College Park. 1991.
  • Lino, Mark. Factors affecting expenditures of single-parent households. Home Economics Research Journal.18, 191-201.1990.
    • ID: 10.1177/1077727X9001800301 (DOI)
  • Rubin, Rose M., Riney, Bobye J., Molina, David J.. Expenditure Pattern Differentials between One-Earner and Dual-Earner Households: 1972-73 and 1984. Journal of Consumer Research.43-52.1990.
    • ID: 10.1086/208535 (DOI)
  • Venti, Steven F., Wise, David A.. Have IRAs Increased U.S. Saving? Evidence from Consumer Expenditure Surveys. Quarterly Journal of Economics.105, (3), 661-698.1990.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2937894 (URL)
  • Courtless, Joan C.. Households with expenditures for apparel services. Family Economics Review.2, (4), 10-14.1989.
  • Lino, Mark. Financial Status of Single-Parent Households. Family Economics Review.2, (1), 2-7.1989.
  • Lino, Mark. Financial status of single-parent households headed by a never-married, divorced/separated or widowed parent. Families in Transition: Structural Changes and Effects on Family Life 1989 Pre-Conference Workshop.Alexandria: American Home Economics Association. 1989.
  • Menchin, Robert S.. The Mature Market: A Strategic Marketing Guide to America's Fastest Growing Population Segment. Chicago: Probus Publishing Company. 1989.
  • Nelson, Julie A.. Individual Consumption Within the Household: A Study of Expenditure on Clothing. Journal of Consumer Affairs.23, (1), 21-43.1989.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-6606.1989.tb00234.x (DOI)
  • Silberstein, Adriana R.. Recall effects in the U.S. Consumer Expenditure Interview Survy. Journal of Official Statistics.5, (2), 125-142.1989.
  • Gieseman, Raymond. The Consumer Expenditure Survey: Quality control by comparative analysis. Monthly Labor Review.110, (3), 8-14.1987.
  • (author unknown). Consumer Expenditure Survey: Interview Survey, 1984. Bulletin.Washington, DC: United States Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. 1986.
  • Harrison, Beth. Spending Patterns of Older Persons Revealed in Expenditure Survey. Monthly Labor Review.109, (10), 15-17.1986.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Labor. Bureau of Labor Statistics (1987): Consumer Expenditure Survey, 1984: Interview Survey. Version 2. Consumer Expenditure Survey Series. Version: v2. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08671.v2