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Trends in American Homicide, 1968-1978: Victim-Level Supplementary Homicide Reports

Version
v0
Resource Type
Dataset : aggregate data
Creator
  • Riedel, Marc,
  • Zahn, Margaret
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
1987-05-19
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice
Language
English
Free Keywords
arrests; assault; crime; demographic characteristics; murder; victimization; violence
Description
  • Abstract

    This study was undertaken to standardize the format of national homicide data and to analyze trends over the period 1968-1978. The unit of analysis is the homicide victim, and variables include information on the reporting agency, the circumstances of the incident, and the characteristics of the victim and the offender. Within these categories are variables pertaining to population and city size, victim's and offender's age, race, and sex, and the number of victims and offenders involved in the incident. Information about the incident includes the type of weapon used and the circumstances surrounding the incident.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Standardized missing values.; Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Homicides, 1968
    • DS2: Homicides, 1969
    • DS3: Homicides, 1970
    • DS4: Homicides, 1971
    • DS5: Homicides, 1972
    • DS6: Homicides, 1973
    • DS7: Homicides, 1974
    • DS8: Homicides, 1975
    • DS9: Homicides, 1976
    • DS10: Homicides, 1977
    • DS11: Homicides, 1978
    • DS13: SAS Data Definition Statements for Homicides, 1968
    • DS14: SAS Data Definition Statements for Homicides, 1969
    • DS15: SAS Data Definition Statements for Homicides, 1970
    • DS16: SAS Data Definition Statements for Homicides, 1971
    • DS17: SAS Data Definition Statements for Homicides, 1972
    • DS18: SAS Data Definition Statements for Homicides, 1973
    • DS19: SAS Data Definition Statements for Homicides, 1974
    • DS20: SAS Data Definition Statements for Homicides, 1975
    • DS21: SAS Data Definition Statements for Homicides, 1976
    • DS22: SAS Data Definition Statements for Homicides, 1977
    • DS23: SAS Data Definition Statements for Homicides, 1978
Temporal Coverage
  • 1968 / 1978
    Time period: 1968--1978
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Homicide victims in the United States.
Collection Mode
  • The data have been reformatted because of the difficulty in using FBI data as they are released. The reformatting has resulted in the unit of observation (homicide victim) being constant across the study period. The storage mode is "character-numeric." Two major changes in FBI coding of the Supplementary Homicide Reports have resulted in relatively consistent coding within the time periods 1968-1972, 1973-1975, and 1976-1978, but not among them.

Note
2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 12 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 12 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (79-NI-AX-0092).
Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 8676 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR08676.v1
Publications
  • Bridges, F. Stephen. Estimates of homicide-suicides among the elderly, 1968 to 1975. Homicide Studies.17, (2), 224-236.2013.
    • ID: 10.1177/1088767913483130 (DOI)
  • Bridges, F. Stephen, Lester, David. Homicide--suicide in the United States, 1968-1975. Forensic Science International.206, (185), 1892011.
  • Bridges, F. Stephen, Tankersley, William B.. Mean ages of homicide victims and victims of homicide-suicide. Psychological Reports.106, (1), 163-169.2010.
    • ID: 10.2466/PR0.106.1.163-169 (DOI)
  • McGarrell, Edmund F., Chermak, Steven, Wilson, Jeremy M., Corsaro, Nicholas. Reducing homicide through a 'lever-pulling' strategy. Justice Quarterly.23, (2), 214-229.2006.
    • ID: 10.1080/07418820600688818 (DOI)
  • Dee, Thomas S.. Until Death Do You Part: The Effects of Unilateral Divorce on Spousal Homicides. Economic Inquiry.41, (1), 163-182.2003.
    • ID: 10.1093/ei/41.1.163 (DOI)
  • Stevenson, Betsey, Wolfers, Justin. Bargaining in the Shadow of the Law: Divorce Laws and Family Distress. National Bureau of Economic Research, . 2003.
    • ID: http://www.nber.org/papers/w10175.pdf (URL)
  • Clark, Richard D.. Lone versus multiple offending in homicide: Differences in situational context. Journal of Criminal Justice.23, (5), 451-460.1995.
    • ID: 10.1016/0047-2352(95)00034-N (DOI)
  • McDowall, David, Loftin, Colin, Wiersema, Brian. A comparative study of the preventive effects of mandatory sentencing laws for gun crimes. Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology.83, (2), 378-394.1992.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1143862 (URL)
  • Riedel, Marc, Zahn, Margaret A., Mock, Lois Felson. The Nature and Patterns of American Homicide. NIJ Research Report.NCJ 97964, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1985.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/97964NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • Zahn, Margaret, Riedel, Marc. National Versus Local Data Sources in the Study of Homicide - Do They Agree?. Measurement Issue in Criminal Justice.Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. 1983.
  • Riedel, Marc, Zahn, Margaret A.. Nature and Patterns of American Homicide, Final Report. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University. 1981.
  • Zahn, Margaret A.. The Female Homicide Victim. Criminology.13, (3), 400-415.1975.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.1975.tb00676.x (DOI)
  • Riedel, Marc, Zahn, Margaret A.. Nature and Patterns of American Homicide. Annotated Bibliography.NCJ 97100, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. .

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Riedel, Marc,; Zahn, Margaret (1987): Trends in American Homicide, 1968-1978: Victim-Level Supplementary Homicide Reports. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08676