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Annual Survey of Jails: Jurisdiction-level and Jail-level Data, 1985

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data, and aggregate data
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Annual Survey of Jails Data Series
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Free Keywords
correctional facilities; correctional system; demographic characteristics; jail inmates; jails; overcrowding effects; population characteristics; probation
  • Abstract

    The Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) sponsors the Sample Survey of Jails as part of a series of statistical programs measuring the correctional population. The Sample Survey meets BJS's need to analyze continuously the "spillover" effect on local jails of the growth in federal and state prison populations. The data are used in conjunction with statistics on federal and state prisoners to provide a complete picture of the adult correctional system and to measure changes in that system.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Standardized missing values.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Jail-Level Data
    • DS2: Jurisdiction-Level Data
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1985
  • Collection date: 1985
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
All jails in the United States.
A simple random sample of jurisdictions stratified by average daily population as reported in the 1985 Census of Local Jails.
Collection Mode
  • (1) The Bureau of Justice Statistics conducts a complete census of local jails every five years. In the intervening years this Sample Survey provides basic data about the national jail population. The first Sample Survey was conducted in 1982 and was followed by a complete census of jails in 1983. Sample Surveys have been conducted in 1984 and, most recently, in 1985. The Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968, as amended (42 U.S.C. 3732), authorized the collection of this information. (2) The codebook is provided by ICPSR as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.

2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.2002-01-10 At the request of the principal investigator, the title was changed from the National Survey of Jails: Jurisdiction-Level and Jail-Level Data, 1992, to Annual Survey of Jails: Jurisdiction-Level and Jail-Level Data, 1992 to more accurately reflect the scope of the survey. The codebook has been converted to PDF and SAS and SPSS data definition statements were created. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics.
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 8687 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR08687.v1
  • Baradaran, Shima, McIntyre, Frank L.. Predicting violence. Texas Law Review.90, (3), 497-570.2012.
  • Yoon, Jangho. Effect of increased private share of inpatient psychiatric resources on jail population growth: Evidence from the United States. Social Science and Medicine.72, (4), 447-455.2011.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2010.07.023 (DOI)
  • Ogunro, Nola. Three Essays on the Black White Wage Gap. Dissertation, University of Kentucky. 2009.
  • Welsh, Wayne N.. Counties in Court: Jail Overcrowding and Court-Ordered Reform. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press. 1995.
  • Baunach, Phyllis Jo, Kline, Susan. Jail Inmates, 1985. Bulletin.NCJ 105586, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1987.
    • ID: (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics (1987): Annual Survey of Jails: Jurisdiction-level and Jail-level Data, 1985. Archival Version. Annual Survey of Jails Data Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.