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American Public Opinion and U.S. Foreign Policy, 1986

Version
v0
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • Chicago Council on Foreign Relations
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • American Public Opinion and United States Foreign Policy Series
Publication Date
1987-10-12
Funding Reference
  • Chicago Council on Foreign Relations
Language
English
Free Keywords
arms race; foreign affairs; foreign aid; foreign policy; international relations; leadership; military intervention; national elites; national interests; policy making; public approval; public opinion; terrorism
Description
  • Abstract

    This data collection offers information on the opinions and attitudes of the general public and a select group of elites, or opinion leaders, on matters relating to foreign policy. The primary objectives of this study were to define the parameters of public opinion within which decision makers must operate and to compare the attitudes of the general public with those of opinion leaders. For the purposes of this study, "opinion leaders" are defined as those who are in positions of leadership in government, academia, business and labor, the media, religious institutions, special interest groups, and private foreign policy organizations. Variables in the general public cross-section file and the elite file include opinions on specific foreign policy problems, economic and military aid to other countries, the role of the United States in foreign affairs, use of United States troops in other parts of the world, a nuclear freeze, the proposed Strategic Defense Initiative ("Star Wars"), and terrorism. Demographic characteristics such as age, sex, race, income, marital status, and educational achievement are also supplied in the cross-section file, along with feeling thermometers which probe for the respondent's attitudes toward various foreign countries and toward well-known political figures. A follow-up survey of the general public was also undertaken to identify changes in attitudes that might have occurred in the aftermath of the Iran/Contra affair. This follow-up file contains a limited set of pertinent variables from the original general public cross-section study.
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Cross-section
    • DS2: Foreign Policy Elite
    • DS3: 1987 Follow-up
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1986
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampling
File 1: national probability sample of the noninstitutionalized civilian population, aged 18 and older. File 2: selected opinion leaders from the Reagan administration, the House of Representatives, the Senate, business, labor, media, education, religious organizations, special interest groups, and private foreign policy organizations. File 3: national probability sample of the noninstitutionalized civilian population, aged 18 and older.
Collection Mode
  • The design of the survey was developed by the Chicago Council on Foreign Relations and a group of professional consultants working together with the Gallup Organization. Data were collected by the Gallup Organization.

Note
2006-01-18 File CB8712.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads. Funding insitution(s): Chicago Council on Foreign Relations.
Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 8712 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR08712.v1
Publications
  • Cunningham, Jennifer, Moore, Michael K.. Elite and Mass Foreign Policy Opinions: Who Is Leading This Parade?. Social Science Quarterly.78, (3), 641-656.1997.
  • Fite, David, Genest, Marc, Wilcox, Clyde. Gender Differences in Foreign Policy Attitudes: A Longitudinal Analysis. American Politics Quarterly.18, (4), 492-513.1990.
    • ID: 10.1177/1532673X9001800406 (DOI)
  • Graham, Thomas W.. The Pattern and Importance of Public Knowledge in the Nuclear Age. Journal of Conflict Resolution.32, (2), 319-334.1988.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022002788032002004 (DOI)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Chicago Council on Foreign Relations (1987): American Public Opinion and U.S. Foreign Policy, 1986. Archival Version. American Public Opinion and United States Foreign Policy Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08712