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National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey II, 1976-1980: Serum Cholesterol

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data, and clinical data
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Center for Health Statistics
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) and Followup Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
cardiovascular disease; demographic characteristics; health status; physical condition
  • Abstract

    The NHANES II Serum Cholesterol data file contains two parts of the extensive data available from NHANES II: demographic information obtained during the household interview on all examined participants, and laboratory results (for a subset of those examined) on one of the serum lipids relevant to cardiovascular disease (cholesterol, triglycerides, and high density lipoproteins). The demographic data include information on the type of residence and housing, composition of the household, vehicles, languages spoken, income sources and amounts, food stamps and commodity foods, employment, age, race and national ancestry, sex, education, marital status, veteran status, and region of country. The serum lipid data in this file are the Abell-Kendall serum cholesterol values, obtained from laboratory analyses of blood serum samples from fasting and non-fasting individuals.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • 1976 / 1980
    Time period: 1976--1980
  • 1976-02 / 1980-02
    Collection date: 1976-02--1980-02
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
The civilian, noninstitutionalized population of the United States ages 6 months through 74 years.
A nationwide probability sample of 27,801 persons was drawn from the designated universe. It was a multistage random sample, involving both clustering and stratification, with oversampling of certain population groups thought to be at high risk of malnutrition (persons with low incomes, preschool children, and the elderly). Of these, 25,286 were interviewed and 20,322 were examined. Serum cholesterol blood samples were collected from 11,864 persons ages 20 to 74 years old. Adjusted sampling weights were computed to reflect the individual selection probability, adjust for non-response, and inflate the sample to reflect the age, sex, and race categories of the estimated universe. The appropriate sample weight for this file is the "Examined Final Weight" variable.
Collection Mode
  • (1) The data contain blanks. (2) The codebook contains frequencies for all discrete variables.

This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 8867 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR08867.v1
  • Saydah, Sharon H., Eberhardt, Mark S., Loria, Catherine M., Brancati, Frederick L.. Age and the burden of death attributable to diabetes in the United States. American Journal of Epidemiology.156, 2002.
    • ID: 10.1093/aje/kwf111 (DOI)
  • Liao, Youlian, McGee, Daniel L., Cooper, Richard S., Sutkowski, Mary Beth E.. How generalizable are coronary risk prediction models? Comparison of Framingham and two national cohorts. American Heart Journal.137, (5), 837-845.1999.
    • ID: 10.1016/S0002-8703(99)70407-2 (DOI)
  • Ernst, Nancy D., Sempos, Christopher T., Briefel, Ronette R., Clark, Mary Beth. Consistency between US dietary fat intake and serum total cholesterol concentrations: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.66, (4 Suppl), 965S-972S.1997.
  • National Diabetes Data Group. Diabetes in America, 2nd Edition. Bethesda, MD: National Institutes of Health. 1995.
  • Johnson, Clifford L., Rifkind, Basil M., Sempos, Christopher T., Carroll, Margaret D., Bachorik, Paul S., Briefel, Ronette R., Gordon, David J., Burt, Vicki L., Brown, Clarice D., Lippel, Kenneth, Cleeman, James I.. Declining serum total cholesterol levels among US adults. The National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys. JAMA, The Journal of the American Medical Association.269, (23), 3002-3008.1993.
    • ID: 10.1001/jama.269.23.3002 (DOI)
  • Sempos, Christopher T., Cleeman, James I., Carroll, Margaret D., Johnson, Clifford L., Bachorik, Paul S., Gordon, David J., Burt, Vicki L., Briefel, Ronette R., Brown, Clarice D., Lippel, Kenneth, Rifkind, Basil M.. Prevalence of high blood cholesterol among US adults. An update based on guidelines from the second report of the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel. JAMA, The Journal of the American Medical Association.269, (23), 3009-3014.1993.
    • ID: 10.1001/jama.269.23.3009 (DOI)
  • Caudill, S.P., Smith, S.J., Cooper, G.R.. Cholesterol-based personal risk assessment in coronary heart disease. Statistics in Medicine.8, (3), 295-309.1989.
    • ID: 10.1002/sim.4780080310 (DOI)
  • Stanton, J.L., Jr., Keast, D.R.. Serum cholesterol, fat intake, and breakfast consumption in the United States adult population. Journal of the American College of Nutrition.8, (6), 567-572.1989.
  • Kalsbeek, W.D., Kral, K.M., Wallace, R.B., Rifkind, B.M.. Comparing mean levels of total cholesterol from visit 2 of the Lipid Research Clinics Prevalence Study with the second National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. American Journal of Epidemiology.128, (5), 1038-1053.1988.
  • National Heart, Lung, and Blood Collaborative Group. Trends in serum cholesterol level among U.S. adults aged 20 to 74: Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, 1960 to 1980. JAMA, The Journal of the American Medical Association.257, (7), 937-942.1987.
    • ID: 10.1001/jama.1987.03390070057023 (DOI)
  • Russell-Briefel, R., Ezzati, T.M., Fulwood, R., Perlman, J.A., Murphy, R.S.. Cardiovascular risk status and oral contraceptive use: United States, 1976-1980. Preventive Medicine.15, (4), 352-362.1986.
    • ID: 10.1016/0091-7435(86)90003-4 (DOI)
  • Van Itallie, T.B.. Health implications of overweight and obesity in the United States. Annals of Internal Medicine.103, (6 Pt. 2), 983-988.1985.
  • (author unknown). Manual of Laboratory Operations: Lipid and Lipoprotein Analysis. Bethesda, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Heart and Lung Institute,. 1974.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Center for Health Statistics (1988): National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey II, 1976-1980: Serum Cholesterol. Archival Version. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) and Followup Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.