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Social Roots of Art: Metropolitan Conditions and the Development of Art, 1970-1980

Resource Type
Dataset : aggregate data
  • Blau, Judith R.
  • Blau, Peter M.
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • National Science Foundation
Free Keywords
census data; cities; cultural dynamics; demographic characteristics; municipal expenditures; public expenditures; public programs; social attitudes and behavior; social change; social expenditures; social stratification; Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas; urban affairs; United States
  • Abstract

    This collection offers data on social structure and social conditions in SMSAs of the United States and examines how these conditions influence cultural development. In addition to presenting a broad range of census data aggregated at the SMSA level, the collection also provides detailed variables on metropolitan art institutions and funding for those institutions. Structural variables, which are supplied for both 1970 and 1980, include detailed items on marital status, occupation, ethnicity, language, education, age, race, and income. Art variables for each SMSA include total number of artists, art museums, galleries, dance companies, theaters, orchestras, motion picture theaters, concerts, and radio station formats. Many of the art categories are broken down further into detailed specialties. For example, in addition to the variable that tabulates total number of artists in each SMSA, there are separate variables for the number of actors, authors, dancers, designers, musicians and composers, painters and sculptors, and photographers. Similarly, information is presented on many different types of galleries, such as galleries specializing in paintings, graphic arts, furniture, oriental art, porcelain, antiquities, etc. Information is also provided in this collection on arts participation and attendance.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Art Institutions, 1970
    • DS2: Art Institutions, 1980
    • DS3: SMSA Structural Variables, 1970
    • DS4: SMSA Structural Variables, 1980
    • DS5: Mean Background and Art Participation
Temporal Coverage
  • 1970 / 1980
    Time period: 1970--1980
  • 1970 / 1985
    Collection date: 1970--1985
Sampled Universe
All 125 Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas (SMSAs) in the United States.
Collection Mode
  • Part 1 has three 796-character records per SMSA, Part 2 has three 718-character records per SMSA, Part 3 has four 1,017-character records per SMSA, and Part 4 has seven 887-character records per SMSA.

2006-01-18 File CB8869.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads. Funding insitution(s): National Science Foundation (SES-8319074, and SES-8320420).
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 8869 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR08869.v1
  • Blau, Judith R.. The Shape of Culture: a Study of Contemporary Cultural Patterns in the United States. Arnold and Caroline Rose Monograph Series of the American Sociological Association.New York: Cambridge University Press. 1992.
  • Blau, Peter M., et al. Social inequality and art institutions. Sociological Forum.1, (4), 561-585.1986.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF01107337 (DOI)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Blau, Judith R.; Blau, Peter M. (1988): Social Roots of Art: Metropolitan Conditions and the Development of Art, 1970-1980. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.