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National Survey of Jails: Jurisdiction-Level and Jail-Level Data, 1986

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Annual Survey of Jails Data Series
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Free Keywords
correctional facilities; correctional system; demographic characteristics; jail inmates; jails; overcrowding effects; population characteristics; probation
  • Abstract

    This data collection provides annual data on jail populations across the nation and examines the "spillover" effect on local jails resulting from the dramatic growth in federal and state prison populations. These data permit an assessment of the demands placed on correctional resources. Information is available on the number of inmates by sex, race, adult or juvenile status, reason being held, and cause of death.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Standardized missing values.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Jail-Level Data
    • DS2: Jurisdiction-Level Data
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1986
  • 1986-07 / 1986-12
    Collection date: 1986-07--1986-12
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
All locally administered county and municipal jails in the United States.
Stratified random sample of local jails based on the 1983 Jail Census.
Collection Mode
  • The Census Bureau used a nine-digit Government Identification number to identify each jail uniquely. This variable has been broken up into four different variables. Users of the data will have to combine these four variables in order to identify a particular jail.

2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.1997-05-30 SAS and SPSS data definition statements for the logical record length version of the data have been added to this collection, and the codebook was reformatted to reinstate truncated lines. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics.
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 8871 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR08871.v1
  • Baradaran, Shima, McIntyre, Frank L.. Predicting violence. Texas Law Review.90, (3), 497-570.2012.
  • Yoon, Jangho. Effect of increased private share of inpatient psychiatric resources on jail population growth: Evidence from the United States. Social Science and Medicine.72, (4), 447-455.2011.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2010.07.023 (DOI)
  • Ogunro, Nola. Three Essays on the Black White Wage Gap. Dissertation, University of Kentucky. 2009.
  • Welsh, Wayne N.. Counties in Court: Jail Overcrowding and Court-Ordered Reform. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press. 1995.
  • McDonald, Douglas C.. Private Penal Institutions. Crime and Justice: A Review of Research.Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. 1992.
  • Klofas, John. Measuring jail use: A comparative analysis of local corrections. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency.27, (3), 295-317.1990.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022427890027003005 (DOI)
  • Kline, Susan. Jail Inmates, 1986. Bureau of Justice Statistics Bulletin.NCJ 107123, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1987.
    • ID: (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics (1988): National Survey of Jails: Jurisdiction-Level and Jail-Level Data, 1986. Archival Version. Annual Survey of Jails Data Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.