My da|ra Login

Detailed view

metadata language: English

Consumer Expenditure Survey, 1985: Interview Survey

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • United States Department of Labor. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Consumer Expenditure Survey Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
automobile expenses; consumer behavior; consumer expenditures; consumption; debt; demographic characteristics; durable goods; employment; energy consumption; families; fixed income; food costs; household appliances; household budgets; household expenditures; household income; housing costs; insurance; purchasing; recreation expenses; taxes; unemployment benefits; vehicles; wages and salaries
  • Abstract

    The ongoing Consumer Expenditure Survey (CES) provides a continuous flow of information on the buying habits of American consumers and also furnishes data to support periodic revisions of the Consumer Price Index. The Survey consists of two separate components: (1) a quarterly Interview panel survey in which each consumer unit in the sample is interviewed every three months over a 15-month period, and (2) a Diary or recordkeeping survey completed by the sample consumer units for two consecutive one-week periods. The Interview survey was designed to collect data on major items of expense, household characteristics, and income. The expenditures covered by the survey are those which respondents can recall fairly accurately for three months or longer. In general, these expenditures include relatively large purchases, such as those for property, automobiles, and major appliances, or expenditures which occur on a fairly regular basis, such as rent, utilities, or insurance premiums. Expenditures incurred while on trips are also covered by the survey. Excluded are nonprescription drugs, household supplies, and personal care items. Including global estimates on spending for food, it is estimated that about 90 to 95 percent of expenditures are covered in the Interview survey.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: 1985 First Quarter: Family Characteristics and Income
    • DS2: 1985 First Quarter: Member Characteristics and Income
    • DS3: 1985 First Quarter: Monthly Expenditures
    • DS4: 1985 First Quarter: Monthly Income
    • DS5: 1985 Second Quarter: Family Characteristics and Income
    • DS6: 1985 Second Quarter: Member Characteristics and Income
    • DS7: 1985 Second Quarter: Monthly Expenditures
    • DS8: 1985 Second Quarter: Monthly Income
    • DS9: 1985 Third Quarter: Family Characteristics and Income
    • DS10: 1985 Third Quarter: Member Characteristics and Income
    • DS11: 1985 Third Quarter: Monthly Expenditures
    • DS12: 1985 Third Quarter: Monthly Income
    • DS13: 1985 Fourth Quarter: Family Characteristics and Income
    • DS14: 1985 Fourth Quarter: Member Characteristics and Income
    • DS15: 1985 Fourth Quarter: Monthly Expenditures
    • DS16: 1985 Fourth Quarter: Monthly Income
    • DS17: 1986 First Quarter: Family Characteristics and Income
    • DS18: 1986 First Quarter: Member Characteristics and Income
    • DS19: 1986 First Quarter: Monthly Expenditures
    • DS20: 1986 First Quarter: Monthly Income
    • DS21: 1985-1986: Purchases of Household Appliances
    • DS22: 1985-1986: Inventory of Household Appliances
    • DS23: 1985-1986: Inventory and Purchases of Owned Vehicles
    • DS24: 1985-1986: Disposal of Owned Vehicles
    • DS25: 1985-1986: Trips and Vacations
    • DS26: 1985-1986: Publication Aggregation
    • DS27: 1985-1986: Publication Labels
    • DS28: 1985-1986: Universal Classification Code Titles
    • DS29: 1985-1986: Vehicle Make/Model Code Titles
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1985
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Total civilian, noninstitutionalized population of the United States.
The CES is based on a national probability sample of households. The sampling frame was generated from the 1970 Census 100 percent detail file, augmented by new construction permits and coverage improvement techniques used to eliminate recognized deficiencies in that census. The sample design is a rotating panel survey in which one-fifth of the sample is dropped and a new group added each quarter. Each panel is interviewed for five consecutive quarters and then dropped from the survey.
Collection Mode
  • The codebook for this collection is machine-readable only. Due to changes in the sample design introduced beginning in November 1985, users will not be able to link consumer units by the identification number (NEWID) between the 1985 tape and the 1986 tape when it becomes available. The Bureau of Labor Statistics suggests that users should use the 1984 and 1985 tapes or the 1986 and 1987 tapes (when available) for any micro-level longitudinal analysis. Since release of the 1984 Interview tape, four summary food variables and a variable (JFDSTMPA) containing food stamp values have been added to the end of the FMLY files. The Consumer Unit Characteristics and Income (FMLY) files in this collection contain consumer unit characteristics, consumer unit income, and characteristics and earnings of both the reference person and the spouse. Summary expenditure data are also provided. The Member Characteristics and Income (MEMB) files present selected characteristics for each consumer unit member, including reference person and spouse. Each record in the FMLY and MEMB files consists of three months of data. Detailed Expenditures (MTAB) files provide monthly data at the Universal Classification Code (UCC) level. In these files expenditures for each consumer unit are classified according to UCC categories and are specified as gifts or non-gifts. There may be more than one record for a UCC in a single month if that is what was reported to the interviewer. The Income (ITAB) files supply monthly data at the UCC level for consumer unit characteristics and income. Parts 21 through 25 of the collection offer consumer durables information for the following topics: household appliance purchases, inventory of appliances, vehicle inventory and purchases, vehicle disposals, and trip characteristics and expenses. Parts 26 and 27 are files designed for use with the printed publications based on these data.

2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 31 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 30 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 31 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 30 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 8904 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR08904.v1
  • Aguiar, Mark A., Bils, Mark. Has Consumption Inequality Mirrored Income Inequality?. NBER Working Paper Series.16807, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 2011.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Attanasio, Orazio P., Paiella, Monica. Intertemporal consumption choices, transaction costs and limited participation in financial markets: Reconciling data and theory. Journal of Applied Econometrics.26, (2), 322-343.2011.
    • ID: 10.1002/jae.1154 (DOI)
  • Gervais, Martin, Klein, Paul. Measuring consumption smoothing in CEX data. Journal of Monetary Economics.57, (8), 988-999.2010.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jmoneco.2010.08.009 (DOI)
  • Heathcote, Jonathan, Perri, Fabrizio, Violante, Giovanni L.. Unequal we stand: An empirical analysis of economic inequality in the United States, 1967-2006. Review of Economic Dynamics.13, (1), 15-51.2010.
    • ID: 10.1016/ (DOI)
  • Gelber, Alexander M., Mitchell, Joshua W.. Taxes and Time Allocation: Evidence from Single Women. NBER Working Paper Series.15583, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 2009.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Primiceri, Giorgio E., van Rens, Thijs. Heterogeneous life-cycle profiles, income risk and consumption inequality. Journal of Monetary Economics.56, (1), 20-39.2009.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jmoneco.2008.10.001 (DOI)
  • Blundell, Richard, Pistaferri, Luigi, Preston, Ian. Consumption inequality and partial insurance. American Economic Review.98, (5), 1887-1921.2008.
    • ID: 10.1257/aer.98.5.1887 (DOI)
  • Polkovnichenko, Nataliya. Empirical Tests of Consumption-Based Asset Pricing Models Using Household-Level Consumption Data. Dissertation, University of Minnesota. 2008.
  • Stephens, Melvin, Jr.. The consumption response to predictable changes in discretionary income: Evidence from the repayment of vehicle loans. Review of Economics and Statistics.90, (2), 241-252.2008.
    • ID: 10.1162/rest.90.2.241 (DOI)
  • Rajeev, Dehejia, Thomas, Deleire, Erzo, Luttmer F P. Insuring consumption and happiness through religious organizations. Journal of Public Economics.91, (1-2), 259-279.2007.
  • Krueger, Dirk, Perri, Fabrizio. Does income inequality lead to consumption inequality? Evidence and theory. Review of Economic Studies.73, (254), 163-193.2006.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1467-937X.2006.00373.x (DOI)
  • DeLeire, Thomas, Kalil, Ariel. How do cohabiting couples with children spend their money?. Journal of Marriage and Family.67, (2), 286-295.2005.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.0022-2445.2005.00116.x (DOI)
  • Dehejia, Rajeev, DeLeire, Thomas, Luttmer, Erzo F.P.. Insuring Consumption and Happiness Through Religious Organizations. Faculty Research Working Paper Series.RWP05-047, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University, John F. Kennedy School of Government. 2005.
    • ID:$File/rwp%5F05%5F047%5Fluttmer.pdf (URL)
  • Dehejia, Rajeev, Deleire, Thomas, Luttmer, Erzo FP. Insuring Consumption and Happiness through Religious Organizations. NBER Working Paper No. 11576.Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 2005.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Fan, Jessie X., Zick, Cathleen D.. The economic burden of health care, funeral, and burial expenditures at the end of life. Journal of Consumer Affairs.38, (1), 35-55.2004.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-6606.2004.tb00464.x (DOI)
  • Fan, Jessie X., Sharpe, Deanna L., Hong, Gong-Soog. Health care and prescription drug spending by seniors. Monthly Labor Review.126, (3), 16-26.2003.
  • Nicol, C.J.. Elasticities of demand for gasoline in Canada and the United States. Energy Economics.25, (2), 201-214.2003.
    • ID: 10.1016/S0140-9883(03)00002-1 (DOI)
  • Vissing-Jørgensen, Annette. Limited asset market participation and the elasticity of intertemporal substitution. Journal of Political Economy.110, (4), 825-853.2002.
    • ID: 10.1086/340782 (DOI)
  • Bils, Mark, Klenow, Peter J.. Quantifying quality growth. American Economic Review.91, (4), 1006-1030.2001.
    • ID: 10.1257/aer.91.4.1006 (DOI)
  • Nicol, Christopher J.. The rank and model specification of demand systems: An empirical analysis using United States microdata. Canadian Journal of Economics.34, (1), 259-289.2001.
    • ID: 10.1111/0008-4085.00074 (DOI)
  • Barrow, Lisa, McGranahan, Leslie. The effects of the earned income credit on the seasonality of household expenditures. National Tax Journal.53, (4), 1211-1243.2000.
  • Souleles, Nicholas S.. College tuition and household savings and consumption. Journal of Public Economics.77, (2), 185-207.2000.
    • ID: 10.1016/S0047-2727(99)00068-7 (DOI)
  • Parker, Jonathan A.. The reaction of household consumption to predictable changes in social security taxes. American Economic Review.89, (4), 959-973.1999.
    • ID: 10.1257/aer.89.4.959 (DOI)
  • Souleles, Nicholas S.. The response of household consumption to income tax refunds. American Economic Review.89, (4), 947-958.1999.
    • ID: 10.1257/aer.89.4.947 (DOI)
  • Andreoni, James, Scholz, John Karl. An econometric analysis of charitable giving with interdependence preferences. Economic Inquiry.36, (3), 410-428.1998.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1465-7295.1998.tb01723.x (DOI)
  • Fan, Jessie X.. Ethnic differences in household expenditure patterns. Family and Consumer Sciences Research Journal.26, (4), 371-400.1998.
    • ID: 10.1177/1077727X980264001 (DOI)
  • Fan, Jessie X., Zuiker, Virginia Solis. A comparison of household budget allocation patterns between Hispanic Americans and non-Hispanic White Americans. Journal of Family and Economic Issues.19, (2), 151-174.1998.
    • ID: 10.1023/A:1022900707619 (DOI)
  • Francese, Peter K.. Big spenders. American Demographics.19, (8), 51-57.1997.
  • Fan, Jessie X.. An approach to adding price information to the Consumer Expenditure Survey. Consumer Interests Annual.42, 197-202.1996.
  • Goldberg, Pinelopi Koujianou. Dealer Price Discrimination in New Car Purchases: Evidence from the Consumer Expenditure Survey. Journal of Political Economy.104, (3), 622-654.1996.
    • ID: 10.1086/262035 (DOI)
  • Attanasio, Orazio P., Weber, Guglielmo. Is Consumption Growth Consistent with Intertemporal Optimization. Journal of Political Economy.103, (6), 1121-1157.1995.
    • ID: 10.1086/601443 (DOI)
  • Oh, Dong-Hoon. Housing Budget Share, Housing Expenditure, and Housing Affordability of U.S. Urban Households by Housing Tenure. Dissertation, Ohio State University. 1995.
  • Rubin, Rose M., Nieswiadomy, Michael L.. Economic adjustments of households on entry into retirement. Journal of Applied Gerontology.14, (4), 467-482.1995.
    • ID: 10.1177/073346489501400407 (DOI)
  • Zhang, Zhiming, Norton, Marjorie J.T.. Family members' expenditures for clothing categories. Family and Consumer Sciences Research Journal.23, (3), 311-336.1995.
    • ID: 10.1177/1077727X95233005 (DOI)
  • Attanasio, Orazio P.. Personal Saving in the United States. International Comparisons of Household Saving.Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 1994.
  • Attanasio, Orazio P., Weber, Guglielmo. Is Consumption Growth Consistent with Intertemporal Optimization? Evidence from the Consumer Expenditure Survey. NBER Working Paper Series.4795, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 1994.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Caspersen, Erik, Metcalf, Gilbert. Is a Value Added Tax Regressive? Annual Versus Lifetime Incidence Measures. National Tax Journal.47, (4), 731-746.1994.
  • Haller, H. Brandon, Norpoth, Helmut. Let the good times roll: The economic expectations of U.S. voters. American Journal of Political Science.38, (3), 625-650.1994.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Rubin, Rose M., Riney, Bobye J.. Workig Wives and Dual-Earner Families. Westport: Praeger. 1994.
  • Branch, E. Raphael. Short run income elasticity of demand for residential electricity using Consumer Expenditure Survey data. Energy Journal.4, (4), 111-121.1993.
  • Fullerton, Don, Rogers, Diane Lim. Who Bears the Lifetime Tax Burden?. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution. 1993.
  • Mayer, Susan, Jencks, Christopher. Recent trends in economic inequality in the United States: Income versus expenditure versus material wellbeing. Poverty and Prosperity in the U.S.A. the late twentieth century.New York: St. Martin's. 1993.
  • Slesnick, Daniel T.. Gaining Ground: Poverty in the Postwar United States. Journal of Political Economy.101, (1), 1-38.1993.
    • ID: 10.1086/261864 (DOI)
  • Gray, Maureen Boyle. Consumer Spending on Durables and Services in the 1980's. Monthly Labor Review.115, (5), 18-26.1992.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Peng, Ruijue. The Use of the Consumer Expenditure Survey in the Analysis of Renovation and Repair Expenditures. Working Paper.W92-5, Joint Center for Housing Studies of Harvard University. 1992.
  • Bosworth, Barry, Burtless, Gary, Sabelhaus, John. The Decline in Saving: Some Microeconomic Evidence. Brookings Papers on Economic Activity.1, 183-241.1991.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Garner, Thesia I., Wagner, Janet. Economic dimensions of household gift giving. Journal of Consumer Research.18, (3), 368-379.1991.
    • ID: 10.1086/209266 (DOI)
  • Lino, Mark. Changes in income and expenditures for families with children in the 1980s. Family Economic Well-being in the Next Century: Challenges, Changes, Continuity.St. Paul, MN: University of Minnesota. 1991.
  • Poterba, James M.. Is the Gasoline Tax Regressive?. Tax Policy and the Economy, 5.Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research and The MIT Press. 1991.
  • Zhang, Zhiming. The Determinants of Household Service Expenditures in the United States. Dissertation, University of Maryland-College Park. 1991.
  • Courtless, Joan C.. Households with expenditures for apparel services. Family Economics Review.2, (4), 10-14.1989.
  • Lino, Mark. Financial status of single-parent households headed by a never-married, divorced/separated or widowed parent. Families in Transition: Structural Changes and Effects on Family Life 1989 Pre-Conference Workshop.Alexandria: American Home Economics Association. 1989.
  • Nelson, Julie A.. Individual Consumption Within the Household: A Study of Expenditure on Clothing. Journal of Consumer Affairs.23, (1), 21-43.1989.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-6606.1989.tb00234.x (DOI)
  • Schwenk, Frankie N.. Households with expenditures for housekeeping services, including child care. Family Economics Review.2, (4), 15-20.1989.
  • Staff of American Demographics Magazine. People Patterns: Measuring Differences In Spending Patterns. Wall Street Journal.1 -1988.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 8 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Labor. Bureau of Labor Statistics (1988): Consumer Expenditure Survey, 1985: Interview Survey. Archival Version. Consumer Expenditure Survey Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.