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Offender Based Transaction Statistics (OBTS), 1985: Alaska, California, Delaware, Georgia, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, New York, Pennsylvania, and Virginia

Version
v0
Resource Type
Dataset : event/transaction data, and survey data
Creator
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Offender Based Transaction Statistics (OBTS) Series
Publication Date
1988-10-25
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Language
English
Free Keywords
adult offenders; arrests; case processing; criminal justice system; disposition (legal); policies and procedures; prosecution; sentencing
Description
  • Abstract

    Offender Based Transaction Statistics (OBTS) studies are designed to collect information by tracking adult offenders from the point of entry into the criminal justice system (typically by arrest) through final disposition, regardless of whether the offender is convicted or acquitted. Information is provided on arrest, police action, prosecutor action, level of charges, charges filed by the prosecutor, type of counsel, pretrial status, type of trial, sentence type, and sentence length. This allows researchers to examine how the criminal justice system processes offenders, to measure the changing volume of offenders moving through the different segments of the criminal justice system, to calculate processing time intervals between major decision-making events, and to assess the changing structure of the offender population.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1985
  • Collection date: 1985
Geographic Coverage
  • Alaska
  • California
  • Delaware
  • Georgia
  • Minnesota
  • Missouri
  • Nebraska
  • New York (state)
  • Pennsylvania
  • Virginia
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Persons in the United States who have achieved adult status (as specified by individual state laws) and who have been processed for felonies by the police, prosecutors, or courts, whether or not there is a final determination of guilt.
Collection Mode
  • For reasons of confidentiality, the "day" variables in the dates have been blanked in the public release version of the data. Consequently, additional variables have been created to provide the elapsed time between the day of arrest and the days of the police disposition, the prosecutor/grand jury disposition, the final court disposition, and the sentencing date.

Note
2005-08-08 The data were reprocessed using resupplied data. Old ICPSR administrative variables were removed. The variables "Date of Arrest: Day," "Date of Police Disp: Day," "Date Prosec Dispos: Day," "Date Final Court Disp: Day," and "Sentencing Date: Day," previously removed from the data, have been included in the data files. A public version of the data has been created in which the Day variables are blanked and a restricted version of the data has been created in which the Day variables have not been blanked. Also, Parts 2 and 3, which were old frequency files, have been removed. The codebook and all the SAS, SPSS, and Stata collection files have been updated to reflect the changes.2004-02-24 SAS data definition statement were created and the codebook was converted to PDF. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics.
Availability
Delivery
One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions; consult the study documentation to learn more on how to obtain the data.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 8911 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR08911.v1
Publications
  • Nelson, James F.. A dollar or a day: Sentencing misdemeanants in New York State. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency.31, (2), 183-201.1994.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022427894031002006 (DOI)
  • Kaune, Michael Merlin. The Impact of Sentencing Reform on Sentencing Practices in Four States. Dissertation, Sam Houston State University. 1993.
  • Kraska, Peter B.. The processing of drug arrestees: Questioning the assumption of an ambivalent reaction. Journal of Criminal Justice.20, (6), 517-525.1992.
    • ID: 10.1016/0047-2352(92)90061-D (DOI)
  • Nelson, James F.. Hidden disparities in case processing: New York State, 1985-1986. Journal of Criminal Justice.20, (3), 181-200.1992.
    • ID: 10.1016/0047-2352(92)90044-A (DOI)
  • Perez, Jacob. Forgery and Fraud-Related Offenses in 6 states, 1983-1988, Special Report. Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1992.
  • Perez, Jacob. Patterns of Robbery and Burglary in 9 states, 1984-1988. Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1992.
  • Nelson, James F.. Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Processing Persons Arrested for Misdemeanor Crimes: New York State, 1985-1986. Albany, NY: New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services. 1991.
  • Greenstein, Steven C.. Trends in Recidivism Among Felons Sentenced to Probation. Albany, NY: New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services. 1990.
  • Harig, Thomas Joseph. The Influence of Extra-Legal Factors in Youthful Offender Adjudications. Dissertation, State University of New York at Albany. 1990.
  • (author unknown). Criminal Cases in Five States, 1983-1986, Special Report. Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1989.
  • Kraska, Peter B.. The Criminalization Approach to the Illegal Drug Problem: A Descriptive Analysis of the Processing of Felony Drug Arrestees. Dissertation, Sam Houston State University. 1989.
  • (author unknown). Women in Crime: The Sentencing of Female Defendants. California Bureau of Criminal Statistics.Sacramento, CA: Outlook. 1988.
  • Albert, Marge. Criminal Possession of Controlled Substances: Analysis of Criminal Justice Processing. Albany, NY: New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services. 1986.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 8 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics (1988): Offender Based Transaction Statistics (OBTS), 1985: Alaska, California, Delaware, Georgia, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, New York, Pennsylvania, and Virginia. Archival Version. Offender Based Transaction Statistics (OBTS) Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08911