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Effects of Prior Record in Sentencing Research in a Large Northeastern City, 1968-1979: [United States]

Version
v0
Resource Type
Dataset : event/transaction data
Creator
  • Welch, Susan
  • Spohn, Cassia
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
1988-10-25
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice
Language
English
Free Keywords
arrests; assault; auto theft; burglary; crime; criminal justice system; court system; defendants; drug law offenses; judges; murder; rape; robbery; sentencing; violence
Description
  • Abstract

    This data collection examines the impact of defendants' prior criminal records on the sentencing of male and female defendants committing violent and non-violent crimes. The collection also provides data on which types of prior records most influenced the sentencing judges. Variables deal specifically with the defendant, the judge and the characteristics of the current case. Only cases that fell into one of 14 categories of common offenses were included. These offenses were murder, manslaughter, rape, robbery, assault, minor assault, burglary, auto theft, embezzlement, receiving stolen property, forgery, sex offenses other than rape, drug possession, and driving while intoxicated.
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • 1968 / 1979
    Time period: 1968--1979
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
All defendants in felony cases heard between 1968 and 1979 in a large northeastern city of the United States.
Sampling
Random sample of convicted defendants selected from a larger sample. The sample was stratified by the gender of the judge with sampling fractions of .2 for male judges and 1.0 for female judges, yielding a large number of female judges in the final sample.
Note
Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (84-IJ-CX-0035).
Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 8929 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR08929.v1
Publications
  • Welch, Susan, Combs, Michael, Gruhl, John. Do black judges make a difference?. American Journal of Political Science.32, (1), 126-136.1988.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2111313 (URL)
  • Spohn, C., Welch, S.. The Effect of Prior Record in Sentencing Research: An Examination of the Assumption That Any Measure is Adequate. Justice Quarterly.4, 287-302.1987.
    • ID: 10.1080/07418828700089331 (DOI)
  • Spohn, Cassia, Welch, Susan, Gruhl, John. Women Defendants in Court: The Interaction Between Sex and Race in Convicting and Sentencing. Social Science Quarterly.66, (1), 178-185.1985.
  • Welch, Susan, Gruhl, John, Spohn, Cassia. Sentencing: The Influence of Alternative Measures of Prior Record. Criminology.22, (2), 215-227.1984.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.1984.tb00298.x (DOI)
  • Gruhl, John, Spohn, Cassia, Welch, Susan. Women as Policymakers: The Case of Trial Judges. American Journal of Political Science.25, (2), 308-322.1981.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2110855 (URL)
  • Uhlman, Thomas, M.. The Impact of Defendant Race in Trial-Court Sanctioning Decisions. Public Law and Public Policy.New York: Praeger. 1977.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Welch, Susan; Spohn, Cassia (1988): Effects of Prior Record in Sentencing Research in a Large Northeastern City, 1968-1979: [United States]. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08929