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Nature and Patterns of Homicide in Eight American Cities, 1978

Version
v1
Resource Type
Dataset : event/transaction data
Creator
  • Zahn, Margaret A.
  • Riedel, Marc
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
1988-10-25
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice
Language
English
Free Keywords
demographic characteristics; drug use; evidence; homicide; offenders; substance abuse; victims
Description
  • Abstract

    This dataset contains detailed information on homicides in eight United States cities: Philadelphia, Newark, Chicago, St. Louis, Memphis, Dallas, Oakland, and "Ashton" (a representative large western city). Detailed characteristics for each homicide victim include time and date of homicide, age, gender, race, place of birth, marital status, living arrangement, occupation, socioeconomic status (SES), employment status, method of assault, location where homicide occurred, relationship of victim to offender, circumstances surrounding death, precipitation or resistance of victim, physical evidence collected, victim's drug history, victim's prior criminal record, and number of offenders identified. Data on up to two offenders and three witnesses are also available and include the criminal history, justice system disposition, and age, sex, and race of each offender. Information on the age, sex, and race of each witness also was collected, as were data on witness type (police informant, child, eyewitness, etc.). Finally, information from the medical examiner's records including results of narcotics and blood alcohol tests of the victim are provided.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Performed consistency checks.; Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Data File
    • DS2: SAS Data Definition Statements
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1978
  • 1979 / 1980
    Collection date: 1979--1980
Geographic Coverage
  • California
  • Chicago
  • Dallas
  • Illinois
  • Memphis
  • Missouri
  • New Jersey
  • Newark
  • Pennsylvania
  • Philadelphia
  • St. Louis
  • Tennessee
  • Texas
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Cases in the United States defined by each city's police department and medical examiner as homicide.
Sampling
A purposive sample of eight cities was selected based on geographic region, population size, and whether their 11-year homicide trend lines followed or diverged from respective regional trend lines. Dallas, St. Louis, and "Ashton" diverged from regional patterns, while the other cities in the sample--Philadelphia, Newark, Chicago, Memphis, and Oakland--followed them. Within each city all homicide cases were coded, except in Chicago, where a 50-percent systematic random sample of homicide cases was drawn.
Note
2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (79-NI-AX-0092).
Availability
Download
This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 8936 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Publications
  • Hannon, Lance. Race, Victim Precipitated Homicide, and the Subculture of Violence Thesis. Social Science Journal.41, (1), 115-121.2004.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.soscij.2003.10.010 (DOI)
  • Riedel, Marc, Zahn, Margaret A., Mock, Lois Felson. The Nature and Patterns of American Homicide. NIJ Research Report.NCJ 97964, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1985.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/97964NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • Zahn, Margaret, Riedel, Marc. National Versus Local Data Sources in the Study of Homicide - Do They Agree?. Measurement Issue in Criminal Justice.Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. 1983.
  • Riedel, Marc, Zahn, Margaret A.. Nature and Patterns of American Homicide, Final Report. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University. 1981.
  • Riedel, Marc, Zahn, Margaret A.. Nature and Patterns of American Homicide. Annotated Bibliography.NCJ 97100, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. .

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Zahn, Margaret A.; Riedel, Marc (1988): Nature and Patterns of Homicide in Eight American Cities, 1978. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08936.v1