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Campaign Expenditures in the United States, 1985-1986: Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) Data

Version
v0
Resource Type
Dataset : event/transaction data
Creator
  • Federal Election Commission
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Campaign Expenditures in the United States Series
Publication Date
1989-01-10
Language
English
Free Keywords
candidates; campaign contributions; campaign expenditures; campaign finance law; campaign funds; congressional elections (US House); congressional elections (US Senate); legislators; political elites; political organizations; political parties; United States House of Representatives; United States Senate
Description
  • Abstract

    These data are made available by the Federal Election Commission (FEC) through the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) and are taken directly from campaign finance reports filed by candidates, political committees, and others who are required to file under the federal election laws. The files are essentially copies of the FEC's on-line computer files for the 1985-1986 election cycle. The Candidate Master File (Part 1) contains a record for each registered candidate for federal office. It includes the candidate's name, address, party affiliation, incumbent/challenger status, the identification number of the principal campaign committee, the office sought, and the election year. The Committee Master File (Part 2) contains a record for each registered committee for federal office. The information provided includes the committee's identification number, name, address, treasurer's name, committee designation and type, party affiliation, report filing frequency, special interest group category and connected organization's name, and multicandidate committee status. The Itemized PAC Contribution File (Part 3) presents all transactions (contributions or disbursements) by a political committee for or on behalf of/in opposition to a candidate for federal office or his/her authorized committee occurring during the 1985-1986 election cycle. Items include whether the transaction was made in connection with a 1985-1986 primary, general, special or runoff election, or with a prior or future election, the date and amount of transaction, and identification number of the filer on whose behalf the transaction took place. The Detailed Report File (Part 4) contains one record for each separate reporting period for each FEC committee and, as such, is the source for longitudinal information about committee financial activity during the 1985-1986 election cycle. Information presented in the file includes the political committee identification number, the report year and type, the time period covered by the report, total receipts and disbursements, beginning and end cash balances, debts owed by and to the committee, individual, political, and candidate contributions, transfers from affiliated committees, loans received and payments made, and refunds.
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Candidate Master Data
    • DS2: Committee Master Data
    • DS3: Itemized PAC Contribution Data
    • DS4: Detailed Report Data
Temporal Coverage
  • 1985-01-01 / 1986-12-31
    Time period: 1985-01-01--1986-12-31
  • 1985-01-01 / 1987-11-30
    Collection date: 1985-01-01--1987-11-30
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
(1) All candidates for federal office registered with the FEC under the Federal Election Campaign Act (FECA). (2) All political committees, unauthorized delegate filers, independent expenditure filers, and communications cost filers registered. (3) All transactions and reports occurring during the 1985-1986 election cycle.
Sampling
Complete information is provided for all members of the sampling universe.
Collection Mode
  • The records in Parts 3 and 4 are derived from original filings and incorporate changes from amendments to reports received by the FEC prior to December 1987. The Candidate and Committee Master Files (Parts 1 and 2) are FEC reference files, and are needed to find the name of each committee or candidate associated with the identification numbers that appear in Parts 3 and 4.

Note
2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 5 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 5 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.
Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 8939 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR08939.v1
Publications
  • Gaddie, Ronald Keith, Bullock, Charles S., III. Congressional Elections and the Year of the Woman: Structural and Elite Influences on Female Candidates. Social Science Quarterly.76, (4), 749-762.1995.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Federal Election Commission (1989): Campaign Expenditures in the United States, 1985-1986: Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) Data. Archival Version. Campaign Expenditures in the United States Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08939