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Fines as a Criminal Sanction: Practices and Attitudes of Trial Court Judges in the United States, 1985

Version
v1
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • Cole, George F.
  • Mahoney, Barry
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
1988-10-25
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice
Language
English
Free Keywords
caseloads; fines; judges; judicial decisions; offenders; sanctions; sentencing; state courts; trial courts; United States
Description
  • Abstract

    These data were collected to examine the practices and views of state trial court judges with respect to their use of fines as a criminal sanction. Respondents were asked about the composition of their caseloads, sentencing practices (including fines imposed for various circumstances), available information about the offender at time of sentencing, enforcement and collection procedures in their courts, and their attitudes toward the use of fines. In addition to questions concerning the judges' use of fines and other sanctions, the questionnaire presented the judges with hypothetical cases.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Standardized missing values.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Collection date: 1985
Sampled Universe
All state court judges of general jurisdiction and limited, but not special, jurisdiction in the United States.
Sampling
Stratified random sample.
Collection Mode
  • The codebook is provided as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.

Note
2002-06-27 SAS and SPSS data definition statements were created and the codebook was converted to PDF. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (84-IJ-CX-0012).
Availability
Download
This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 8945 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Publications
  • Tonry, Michael, Lynch, Mary. Intermediate Sanctions. Crime and Justice: A Review of Research.Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. 1996.
  • Hillsman, Sally T.. Fines and Day Fines. Crime and Justice: A Review of Research.Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. 1990.
  • Cole, George F., Mahoney, Barry, Thornton, Marlene, Hanson, Roger A.. Use of fines by trial court judges. Judicature.71, (6), 325-333.1988.
  • Mahoney, Barry, Thornton, Marlene. Means-based fining: Views of American trial court judges. Justice System Journal.13, (1), 51-63.1988.
  • Cole, George F., Mahoney, Barry, Thornton, Marlene, Hanson, Roger A.. The Practices and Attitudes of Trial Court Judges Regarding Fines as a Criminal Sanction, Executive Summary. NCJ 106270, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1987.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/106270NCJRS.pdf (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Cole, George F.; Mahoney, Barry (1988): Fines as a Criminal Sanction: Practices and Attitudes of Trial Court Judges in the United States, 1985. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08945.v1