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Selecting Career Criminals for Priority Prosecution, 1984-1986: Los Angeles County, California and Middlesex County, Massachusetts

Version
v1
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data, and event/transaction data
Creator
  • Chaiken, Marcia R.
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
1989-01-10
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice
Language
English
Free Keywords
arrest records; career criminals; court cases; criminal histories; demographic characteristics; offender classification; offender profiles; prosecution; recidivism
Description
  • Abstract

    Collection of these data was undertaken in order to develop offender classification criteria that could be used to identify career criminals for priority prosecution. In addition to the crime records obtained from official sources and defendants' self- reports, information about prosecutors' discretionary judgments on sampled cases was obtained from interviews of prosecutors and case review forms completed by attorneys. Respondent and nonrespondent files, taken from official court records, contain information on current and past records of offenses committed, arrests, dispositions, sentences, parole and probation histories, substance abuse records, juvenile court appearances, criminal justice practitioners' assessments, and demographic characteristics. The prosecutor interview files contain variables relating to prosecutors' opinions on the seriousness of the defendant's case, subjective criteria used to decide suitability for prosecution, and case status at intake stage. Information obtained from prosecutors' case review forms include defendants' prior records and situational variables related to the charged offenses. The self-report files contain data on the defendants' employment histories, substance abuse and criminal records, sentence and confinement histories, and basic socioeconomic characteristics.
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Respondent: Los Angeles County 1
    • DS2: Nonrespondent: Los Angeles County 1
    • DS3: Respondent: Los Angeles County 2
    • DS4: Nonrespondent: Los Angeles County 2
    • DS5: Respondent: Middlesex County
    • DS6: Prosecutors: Los Angeles County
    • DS7: Prosecutors: Middlesex County
    • DS8: Self Response: Los Angeles County
    • DS9: Self Response: Middlesex County
Temporal Coverage
  • 1984 / 1986
    Time period: 1984--1986
  • 1984 / 1986
    Collection date: 1984--1986
Geographic Coverage
  • California
  • Massachusetts
  • United States
Sampled Universe
All males prosecuted in Los Angeles County and Middlesex County for burglary, homicide, and robbery between 1984 and 1986.
Sampling
The sample was a random subset of male priority prosecuted defendants not prosecuted as career criminals but originally charged with such crimes as homicide, burglary, and robbery.
Collection Mode
  • In the self-report surveys of defendants, multiple indicators were included to assess reliability of responses. Data on Los Angeles nonrespondents were also collected to examine the possible response bias.

Note
2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 10 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 10 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (84-IJ-CX-0055).
Availability
Download
This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 8980 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Publications
  • Chaiken, Marcia R., Chaiken, Jan M.. Selecting 'Career Criminals' For Priority Prosecution, Final Report. NCJ 106310, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1987.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/106310NCJRS.pdf (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Chaiken, Marcia R. (1989): Selecting Career Criminals for Priority Prosecution, 1984-1986: Los Angeles County, California and Middlesex County, Massachusetts. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08980.v1