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Survey of Consumer Expenditures, 1972-1973

Version
v2
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • United States Department of Labor. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Other Title
  • Version 2 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Consumer Expenditure Survey Series
Publication Date
1984-05-11
Language
English
Free Keywords
automobile expenses; consumer behavior; consumer expenditures; consumption; debt; demographic characteristics; durable goods; employment; energy consumption; families; fixed income; food costs; household appliances; household budgets; household expenditures; household income; housing costs; insurance; purchasing; recreation expenses; taxes; unemployment benefits; vehicles; wages and salaries
Description
  • Abstract

    This data collection, which offers detailed information on the spending habits of American consumers, has two components: the Interview Survey and the Diary Survey. The Interview Survey portion tabulates data on a quarterly basis. For this survey consumer units (roughly equivalent to households) were interviewed in each of five consecutive quarters to obtain data on spending habits and patterns. The Detailed Interview files, Parts 9 and 10, contain data on characteristics of the consumer unit, including information on geography and location of residence, characteristics of the household, head, and spouse, housing characteristics, selected expenditure, income and personal tax summary values, and individual family member characteristics. Value data are also presented in these files and cover items such as current consumption expenditures, personal insurance and pensions, gifts and contributions, sources of income, personal taxes paid, other money receipts, net change in assets and market value of selected financial assets, net change in liabilities, and value of items received without direct expense. No quantity or price data are shown. Discrete expenditures are categorized with a high degree of detail in these files. Part 11 supplies summary information about characteristics of the consumer unit and also includes annual expenditures and other disbursements. Parts 12 and 13, which can be used with the detailed data, itemize purchases of durable consumer goods such as major and minor household equipment, selected house furnishings, motorized vehicles and selected trailers and boats. Details are supplied on how and when the items were acquired, cost or value of items, and model of item purchased. Parts 1 and 2 detail individual purchases of clothing and household textiles by each consumer unit. Information in these files specifies the family members for whom each clothing item was purchased, whether the purchase was a gift for someone outside the consumer unit, the quantity of each item purchased, the month and year of each purchase, and the total cost of each expenditure, including applicable sales tax. The Diary Survey contains data on all purchases and other expenses of members of the consumer unit during two consecutive one-week periods (excluding expenses made while away from home overnight on trips or vacations). Diaries, or daily expense records, were placed with consumer units in order to obtain data not collected by the Interview Survey on small, frequently purchased items which are normally difficult to recall over longer periods of time. These include purchases of food, alcoholic beverages, tobacco and smoking supplies, personal care products and services, non-prescription drugs and medical supplies, housekeeping supplies, gas, electricity and other fuel, gasoline, motor oil, coolants and similar products, and miscellaneous items. Diary Survey data in Parts 3 and 4 are organized by survey year and consumer unit and supply information on consumer unit characteristics, family member characteristics, and discrete expenditures. Parts 5 and 6 contain data on daily purchases of food for human consumption, alcoholic beverages, ice, and pet food. Information on quantity purchased, packaging, and amount paid is provided in these files. Parts 7 and 8 record characteristics of the consumer unit with data on items such as age, sex, race, marital status, relationships of each family member, work experience, earnings, family size, number of vehicles owned, and place of residence.
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Interview Survey Quantity of Clothing and Household Textiles: First Survey Year (1972)
    • DS2: Interview Survey Quantity of Clothing and Household Textiles: Second Survey Year (1973)
    • DS3: Diary Survey Public Use Tape Year 1
    • DS4: Diary Survey Public Use Tape Year 2
    • DS5: Diary Survey [Food Quantity] Public Use Tape Year 1
    • DS6: Diary Survey [Food Quantity] Public Use Tape Year 2
    • DS7: Diary Survey Characteristics File Year 1
    • DS8: Diary Survey Characteristics File Year 2
    • DS9: Interview Survey Detailed Public Use Tape, 1972
    • DS10: Interview Survey Detailed Public Use Tape, 1973
    • DS11: Interview Survey Public Use Tape, 1972-1973: Summary
    • DS12: Interview Survey Inventory of Consumer Durables, 1972
    • DS13: Interview Survey Inventory of Consumer Durables, 1973
Temporal Coverage
  • 1972 / 1973
    Time period: 1972--1973
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Total civilian noninstitutionalized population of the United States.
Sampling
National probability sample.
Collection Mode
  • Machine-readable codebooks are available for Parts 1, 2, 5, 6, 10, and 11. For Parts 1 and 2 there are at least 18 records of data for each consumer unit with 17 records of consumer unit and family member characteristics data and one or more records of purchase data. Data for the first survey year include 167,871 characteristics records and 527,575 purchase records. Data for the second survey year include 171,906 characteristics records and 534,115 purchase records. For Parts 3 and 4 there are 9 records of characteristics information and a variable number of expenditure records per consumer unit. Parts 5 and 6 contain 8 records of characteristics data and one or more records of purchase data for each consumer unit. There are 88,520 characteristics records and 637,824 purchase records for the first survey year and 96,968 characteristics records and 666,410 purchase records for the second year. Parts 7 and 8 include, for each consumer unit, 8 records of characteristics data. For Parts 9 and 10 there are 18 records of characteristics data and at least one record of value data per consumer unit. In these files characteristics records total 177,642 for the first survey year and 181,908 for the second. Value records total 903,302 and 940,322, respectively. Part 11 contains one record per consumer unit in the survey year. For Parts 12 and 13 there is a variable number of records per consumer unit and logical record lengths may vary, with the maximum being 138 characters. For the two survey years combined there are 206,561 records on major household equipment items, 332,635 records on minor household items, 19,763 records on selected house furnishings items, and 44,520 records on consumer unit vehicles.

Note
2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 14 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 14 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.
Availability
Download
This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9034 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR09034.v1
Publications
  • Aguiar, Mark A., Bils, Mark. Has Consumption Inequality Mirrored Income Inequality?. NBER Working Paper Series.16807, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 2011.
    • ID: http://www.nber.org/papers/w16807.pdf (URL)
  • Primiceri, Giorgio E., van Rens, Thijs. Heterogeneous life-cycle profiles, income risk and consumption inequality. Journal of Monetary Economics.56, (1), 20-39.2009.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jmoneco.2008.10.001 (DOI)
  • Costa, Dora L.. American Living Standards, 1888-1994: Evidence from Consumer Expenditures. NBER Working Paper Series.7650, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 2000.
    • ID: http://papers.nber.org/papers/w7650.pdf (URL)
  • Costa, Dora L.. American Living Standards: Evidence from Recreational Expenditures. NBER Working Paper Series.7148, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 1999.
    • ID: http://papers.nber.org/papers/w7148.pdf (URL)
  • Tacchino, Kenn, Saltzman, Cynthia. Do accumulation models overstate what's needed to retire?. Journal of Financial Planning.12, (2), 62-73.1999.
  • Jorgenson, Dale W.. Did We Lose the War on Poverty?. Journal of Economic Perspectives.12, (1), 79-96.1998.
    • ID: 10.1257/jep.12.1.79 (DOI)
  • Paulin, Geoffrey, Riordon, Brian. Making it on their own: The baby boom meets Generation X. Monthly Labor Review.121, (2), 10-21.1998.
    • ID: http://stats.bls.gov/opub/mlr/1998/02/art2full.pdf (URL)
  • Costa, Dora L.. Less of a Luxury: The Rise of Recreation Since 1888. NBER Working Paper Series.6054, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 1997.
    • ID: http://papers.nber.org/papers/w6054.pdf (URL)
  • Idson, Todd, Miller, Cynthia. The implications of demographic-specific inflation rates for trends in real educational wage differentials. Journal of Business and Economic Statistics.15, (4), 464-469.1997.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1392492 (URL)
  • Nieswiadomy, Michael, Rubin, Rose M.. Change in expenditure patterns of retirees: 1972-1973 and 1986-1987. Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences.50, (Bn5), S274 -1995.
  • Haller, H. Brandon, Norpoth, Helmut. Let the good times roll: The economic expectations of U.S. voters. American Journal of Political Science.38, (3), 625-650.1994.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2111600 (URL)
  • Rubin, Rose M., Riney, Bobye J.. Workig Wives and Dual-Earner Families. Westport: Praeger. 1994.
  • Mayer, Susan, Jencks, Christopher. Recent trends in economic inequality in the United States: Income versus expenditure versus material wellbeing. Poverty and Prosperity in the U.S.A. the late twentieth century.New York: St. Martin's. 1993.
  • Slesnick, Daniel T.. Gaining Ground: Poverty in the Postwar United States. Journal of Political Economy.101, (1), 1-38.1993.
    • ID: 10.1086/261864 (DOI)
  • Cutler, David M., Katz, Lawrence F.. Rising Inequality? Changes in the Distribution of Income and Consumption in the 1980s. American Economic Review.82, (2), 546-551.1992.
  • Sastry, M. Lakshminarayan. Estimating the economic impacts of elderly migration: An input-output analysis. Growth and Change.23, (1), 54 -1992.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1468-2257.1992.tb00572.x (DOI)
  • Bosworth, Barry, Burtless, Gary, Sabelhaus, John. The Decline in Saving: Some Microeconomic Evidence. Brookings Papers on Economic Activity.1, 183-241.1991.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2534640 (URL)
  • Cutler, David M., Katz, Lawrence F.. Macroeconomic performance and the disadvantaged. Brookings Papers on Economic Activity.1991, (2), 1-61.1991.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2534589 (URL)
  • Rubin, Rose M., Riney, Bobye J., Molina, David J.. Expenditure Pattern Differentials between One-Earner and Dual-Earner Households: 1972-73 and 1984. Journal of Consumer Research.43-52.1990.
    • ID: 10.1086/208535 (DOI)
  • Ring, Raymond J., Jr.. The proportion of consumers' and producers' goods in the general sales tax. National Tax Journal.42, (2), 167-179.1989.
  • Boskin, Michael J., Lau, L.. An Analysis of Postwar U.S. Consumpton and Saving: Part I -- The Model and Aggregation. NBER Working Paper Series.2605, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 1988.
    • ID: http://papers.nber.org/papers/w2605.pdf (URL)
  • Boskin, Michael J., Lau, Lawrence J.. An Analysis of U.S. Postwar Consumption and Saving: Part II -- Empirical Results. NBER Working Paper Series.2606, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 1988.
    • ID: http://papers.nber.org/papers/w2606.pdf (URL)
  • Lazear, Edward P., Michael, Robert T.. Allocation of Income Within the Household. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. 1988.
  • Kokoski, Mary F.. Consumer Price Indexes by Demographic Group. Working Paper.167, Bureau of Labor Statistics. 1987.
  • Dardis, R., Hrozencik, D.. Changing Economic Conditions and the Demand for Small Cars. Advances in Consumer Research, Vol. XII.Provo, UT: Association for Consumer Research. 1985.
  • Horton, Sally E., Hafstrom, Jeanne L.. Income elasticities for selected consumption categories: Comparison of single female-headed and two-parent families. Home Economics Research Journal.13, (3), 292-303.1985.
    • ID: 10.1177/1077727X8501300308 (DOI)
  • Ring, Raymond J., Jr.. Variability of Inflation and Income Across Income Classes. Social Science Quarterly.66, (1), 203-209.1985.
  • Schrimper, Ronald A., Clark, Robert L.. Health expenditures and elderly adults. Journal of Gerontology.40, (2), 235-243.1985.
  • Bellante, Don, Foster, Ann C.. Working wives and expenditure on services. Journal of Consumer Research.11, (2), 700-707.1984.
    • ID: 10.1086/209006 (DOI)
  • Clark, Robert L., Maddox, George L., Schrimper, Ronald A., Summer, Daniel A.. Inflation and the economic well-being of the elderly. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University. 1984.
  • Liska, Allen E., Chamlin, Mitchell B.. Social structure and crime control among macrosocial units. American Journal of Sociology.90, (2), 383-395.1984.
    • ID: 10.1086/228084 (DOI)
  • McConnel, Charles E., Deljavan, Firooz. Consumption Patterns of the Retired Household. Journal of Gerontology.38, (4), 480-490.1983.
  • Sobel, Michael E.. Lifestyle expenditures in contemporary America: Relations between stratification and culture. American Behavioral Scientist.26, (4), 521-533.1983.
    • ID: 10.1177/000276483026004008 (DOI)
  • Wagner, Janet, Hanna, Sherman. The effectiveness of family life cycle variables in consumer expenditure research. Journal of Consumer Research.10, (3), 281-291.1983.
    • ID: 10.1086/208967 (DOI)
  • Chen, Yung-Ping, Chu, Kwang-Wen. Household Expenditure Patterns: The Effect of Age of Family Head. Journal of Family Issues.31, (2), 233-250.1982.
    • ID: 10.1177/019251382003002007 (DOI)
  • Danziger, Sheldon, Van der Gaag, Jacques, Smolensky, Eugene, Taussig, Michael K.. The Life-Cycle Hypothesis and the Consumption Behavior of the Elderly. Journal of Post Keynesian Economics.5, 208-227.1982.
  • Fareed, A.E., Riggs, G.D.. Old-Young Differences in Consumer Expenditure Patterns. Journal of Consumer Affairs.16, 152-160.1982.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-6606.1982.tb00168.x (DOI)
  • Grimaldi, Paul L.. Measured inflation and the elderly, 1973-1981. Gerontologist.22, (4), 347-353.1982.
    • ID: 10.1093/geront/22.4.347 (DOI)
  • Ketkar, Suhas, Cho, Whewan. Demographic factors and the pattern of household expenditures in the United States. Atlantic Economic Journal.10, (3), 16-27.1982.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF02300157 (DOI)
  • Barnes, R., Zedlewski, Sheila R.. Impact of inflation on the income and expenditures of elderly families. Washington, DC: Urban Institute. 1981.
  • Dardis, R., Derrick, F., Lehfeld, A., Wolfe, E.K.. Cross Section studies of recreation expenditures in the United States. Journal of Leisure Research.13, (3), 181-194.1981.
  • Reece, William S.. Charitable Contributions: New Evidence on Household Behavior. American Economic Review.69, (1), 142-151.1979.
  • Vickery, Clair. Women's economic contribution to the family. The Subtle Revolution.Washington, DC: The Urban Institute. 1979.
  • (author unknown). Consumer Expenditure Survey: Integrated Diary and Interview Survey Data, 1972-1973. Bulletin.Washington, DC: United States Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. 1978.
  • (author unknown). Consumer Expenditure Survey: Integrated Diary and Interview Survey Data, 1972-73: Total Expenditures and Income for the United States and Selected Areas. Bureau of Labor Statistics Bulletin.1992, Washington, DC: United States Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. 1978.
  • (author unknown). Consumer Expenditure Survey: Interview Survey, 1972-73, Volumes 1 and 2. Bureau of Labor Statistics Bulletin.1997, Washington, DC: United States Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. 1978.
  • Borzilleri, Thomas C.. The need for a separate Consumer Price Index for older persons. Gerontologist.18, (3), 230-236.1978.
    • ID: 10.1093/geront/18.3.230 (DOI)
  • Carlson, Michael D.. The 1972-1973 Consumer Expenditure Survey. Monthly Labor Review.97, (12), 16-23.1974.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Labor. Bureau of Labor Statistics (1984): Survey of Consumer Expenditures, 1972-1973. Version 2. Consumer Expenditure Survey Series. Version: v2. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09034.v2