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Deterrent Effects of Antitrust Enforcement [United States]: the Ready-Mix Concrete Industry, 1970-1980

Resource Type
Dataset : aggregate data
  • Block, Michael K.
  • Nold, Fredrick C.
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice
Free Keywords
business conditions; construction industry; corruption; crime; expenditures; unemployment
  • Abstract

    These data were collected to explore the relationship between profit levels in the concrete industry and the antitrust enforcement activities undertaken by the United States Department of Justice in 19 cities over an 11-year period. The data collection is composed mainly of published aggregate data on ready-mix concrete costs and prices. Profits and estimates of collusive markups in this industry can be calculated and related to antitrust enforcement efforts. Variables include measures of wages and materials costs, prices of concrete products, number of building permits issued, gasoline prices, the consumer price index, number of laborers employed, unemployment rates, measures of change in the Department of Justice's Antitrust Division budget, change in number of DOJ permanent enforcement personnel, and number of antitrust criminal actions initiated by DOJ against ready-mix concrete users, producers of related products, producers of substitutes for ready-mix products, and ready-mix producers.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Standardized missing values.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Month, City-Month Data
    • DS2: Quarter, City-Quarter Data
    • DS3: Year, City-Year Data
Temporal Coverage
  • 1970 / 1980
    Time period: 1970--1980
  • 1980 / 1981
    Collection date: 1980--1981
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
The sample consists of 19 representative cities in the United States.
Collection Mode
  • The data collection is a pooled time-series of cross-sections: data are presented for the years 1970-1980, although data for 1969 are available for a limited number of variables. The three files supply data for varying units of time (months, quarter, years.

2006-03-30 File CB9040.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.2002-07-18 SAS and SPSS data definition statements were created for this collection and the codebook was converted to PDF. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (80-IJ-CX-0105).
This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9040 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Block, Michael Kent, Nold, Frederick Carl, Sidak, Joseph Gregory. The deterrent effect of antitrust enforcement. Journal of Political Economy.89, (3), 429-445.1981.
    • ID: 10.1086/260979 (DOI)
  • Clabault, James M., Block, Michael K.. Sherman Act Indictments, 1955-1980. New York: Federal Legal Publications. 1981.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Block, Michael K.; Nold, Fredrick C. (1988): Deterrent Effects of Antitrust Enforcement [United States]: the Ready-Mix Concrete Industry, 1970-1980. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.