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Social Order in Middletown, 1932-1975

Resource Type
Dataset : administrative records data
  • Hewitt, John
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Free Keywords
crime; defendants; sentencing
  • Abstract

    The purpose of this study was to examine crime over a period of 43 years in Muncie, Indiana, which has commonly been referred to as "Middletown" in social science studies. The unit of analysis is the criminal act charged. All charges were counted and appropriately categorized. The following rules were observed for cases involving multiple charges or multiple counts of single charges. First, each charge was counted separately when multiple charges were filed. Second, when a defendant was charged with multiple counts of a single charge, each count was considered to be a separate act and so recorded. Data are provided on year of criminal act charge, first, second, and third offenses charged, legal representation by public defender, amount of bail, nature of plea, and place and length of prison terms (Part 2). Other items specify city population, unemployment rate, and total jobs in nonfarm industries, as well as the number of police, reported charges and convictions for murders, rapes, assaults, and robberies, and the percentage of felons convicted for murder, rape, assault, and robbery that were incarcerated (Part 5). Additional variables provide the socioeconomic index, as well as other information on criminal cases such as initial charges, prior records and number of prior felony convictions, marital history, and work history of offenders, and prosecutors' recommended sentencings, actual number of months in jail, and probation and jail terms (Part 6). Demographic items specify age, sex, and race (Parts 2 and 6), as well as education and occupation (Part 6) of the alleged defendant.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: File MUNFIL
    • DS2: File MUNCON [SPSS Job Control Cards]
    • DS3: File DELDATFL
    • DS4: File TIMEDTA
    • DS5: File TIMESTD [SPSS Job Control Cards]
    • DS6: File SENTENCE: Judicial Sentencing Disparity [includes SPSS Job Control Cards]
Temporal Coverage
  • 1932 / 1975
    Time period: 1932--1975
Geographic Coverage
  • Indiana
  • Muncie
  • United States
Sampled Universe
All charged criminal acts in Muncie and Delaware Counties in Indiana in the period 1829-1978.
Collection Mode
  • Despite the 1932-1975 date range in the title, there is indication that the collection actually contains data spanning 1829-1978.

2006-01-18 File CB9058.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.
This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9058 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Hewitt, John D.. The effects of individual resources in judicial sentencing. Review of Public Data Use.5, (1), 30-51.1977.
  • Lotz, Roy, Hewitt, John D.. The influence of legally irrelevant factors on felony sentencing. Sociological Inquiry.47, (1), 39-48.1977.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1475-682X.1977.tb00777.x (DOI)
  • Hewitt, John D.. Individual resources, societal reaction, and sentencing disparity. Western Sociological Review.7, 31-56.1976.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Hewitt, John (1985): Social Order in Middletown, 1932-1975. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.