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Patterns of Behavior in Police and Citizen Transactions: Boston, Chicago, and Washington, DC, 1966

Version
v1
Resource Type
Dataset : event/transaction data
Creator
  • Reiss, Albert J. Jr.
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
1989-05-04
Funding Reference
  • President's Commission on Law Enforcement and the Administration of Justice
Language
English
Free Keywords
arrest procedures; citizen attitudes; police citizen interactions; police effectiveness; police performance; police response
Description
  • Abstract

    These data have been influential in the development of theories of police behavior. Variables in the collection supply information on the nature and context of encounters between citizens and the police. Data are included on the characteristics and roles of individuals involved in an encounter, relationships among the participants in the encounter, individuals' definitions of the situation after the arrival of police, specific police actions and manner of police behavior during the encounter, and informal characterizations by police of participants involved in the encounter. In cases where offender suspects were involved, information was collected on restraints employed, searches, interrogations, confessions, advisement of rights, booking, and other arrest processes.
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: General Data: Observers' Summary of Recorded Encounters
    • DS2: Police Initiated Encounter Data
    • DS3: Citizen Initiated Contact with Police in Field Area
    • DS4: Police Dispatch Record
    • DS5: Service Called-Initiated Encounter
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1966
  • Collection date: 1966
Geographic Coverage
  • Boston
  • Chicago
  • District of Columbia
  • Illinois
  • Massachusetts
  • United States
Sampled Universe
All encounters between citizens and police in major metropolitan areas of the United States.
Sampling
Three sample cities (Chicago, Boston, and Washington, DC) were purposively selected to represent differences in the size, location, degree of control, and type of organization in police departments. Within each city, two police precincts (four in Washington) with high crime rates were selected to represent areas with different race and class compositions. The selected sites were: (1) Boston, MA: precincts Dorchester and Roxbury, (2) Chicago, IL: precincts Fillmore and Town Hall, and (3) Washington, DC: precincts #6, 10, 13, and 14. Stratified probability samples of police tours of duty were drawn. Evening and weekend shifts were overrepresented to maximize the number of encounters observed.
Collection Mode
  • Codebooks are available for Part 2 and Part 5 only. Parts 1, 3, and 4 are only documented by SAS and SPSS data definition statements.

    These data are part of a larger study entitled "Field Surveys III: Studies in Crime and Law Enforcement in Major Metropolitan Areas."

    ICPSR distributes two related data collections: SURVEY OF VICTIMIZATION AND ATTITUDES TOWARDS CRIME AND LAW ENFORCEMENT IN BOSTON AND CHICAGO, 1966 (ICPSR 9085) and ATTITUDES AND PERCEPTIONS OF POLICE OFFICERS IN BOSTON, CHICAGO, AND WASHINGTON, DC, 1966 (ICPSR 9087).

Note
2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.2000-08-01 SAS and SPSS data definition statements and PDF versions of the codebooks have been added to this collection. Funding insitution(s): President's Commission on Law Enforcement and the Administration of Justice (OLEA-006).
Availability
Download
This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9086 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Publications
  • Weitzer, Ronald. Racial discrimination in the criminal justice system: Findings and problems in the literature. Journal of Criminal Justice.24, (4), 309-322.1996.
    • ID: 10.1016/0047-2352(96)00015-3 (DOI)
  • Black, D.. The Manners and Customs of the Police. New York: Academic Press. 1980.
  • Friedrich, Robert J.. The Impact of Organizational Individual, and Situational Factors on Police Behavior. Dissertation, University of Michigan. 1977.
  • Black, D.J.. The Social Organization of Arrest. Stanford Law Review.23, 1087-1111.1971.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1227728 (URL)
  • Reiss, A.J., Jr.. Systematic Observation of Natural Social Phenomena. Sociological Methodology.3, 3-33.1971.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/270816 (URL)
  • Reiss, A.J., Jr.. The Police and the Public. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. 1971.
  • Black, Donald J.. Production of Crime Rates. American Sociological Review.35, 733-748.1970.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2093948 (URL)
  • Black, Donald J., Reiss, Albert J., Jr.. Police Control of Juveniles. American Sociological Review.35, 63-77.1970.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2093853 (URL)
  • Black, D.J.. Police Encounters and Social Organization An Observation Study. Dissertation, University of Michigan. 1968.
  • Black, D.J., Reiss, A.J., Jr.. Patterns of Behavior in Police and Citizen Transactions. Studies in Crime and Law Enforcement in Major Metropolitan Areas. U.S. President's Commission on Law Enforcement and the Administration of Justice Field Survey III.Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office. 1967.
  • Reiss, Albert J., Jr.. An Overview of Problems and Suggestions for Research on Crime and Law Enforcement in Metropolitan Areas. Final Report.NCJ 122, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Law Enforcement Assistance Administration. 1967.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/122NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • Reiss, Albert J., Jr.. Studies in Crime and Law Enforcement in Major Metropolitan Areas. U.S. President's Commission on Law Enforcement and the Administration of Justice Field Survey III.Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office. 1967.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/1524NCJRS.pdf (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Reiss, Albert J. Jr. (1989): Patterns of Behavior in Police and Citizen Transactions: Boston, Chicago, and Washington, DC, 1966. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09086.v1