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Consumer Expenditure Survey, 1986: Diary Survey

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • United States Department of Labor. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Consumer Expenditure Survey Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
automobile expenses; consumer behavior; consumer expenditures; consumption; debt; demographic characteristics; energy consumption; food costs; household budgets; household expenditures; household income; purchasing; recreation expenses
  • Abstract

    The ongoing Consumer Expenditure Survey (CES) provides a continuous, comprehensive flow of data on the buying habits of American consumers. In addition, these data are used to maintain and to review the Consumer Price Index. The Diary, or recordkeeping, component of the CES contains expenditure data for items purchased on a daily or weekly basis. Participants from consumer units, which are roughly equivalent to households, are asked to maintain expense records, or diaries, of all purchases made each day for two consecutive one-week periods. Diaries are designed to record information on small, frequently purchased items such as food, beverages, food consumed away from home, gasoline, housekeeping supplies, nonprescription drugs and medical supplies, and personal care products and services. Information is also elicited at the end of the two-week period on work experience, occupation, industry, retirement status, member earnings from wages and salaries, net income from business or profession, net income from one's own farm, and income from other sources.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: 1986 First Quarter: Consumer Unit Characteristics and Income
    • DS2: 1986 First Quarter: Member Characteristics
    • DS3: 1986 First Quarter: Detailed Expenditures
    • DS4: 1986 First Quarter: Income
    • DS5: 1986 Second Quarter: Consumer Unit Characteristics and Income
    • DS6: 1986 Second Quarter: Member Characteristics
    • DS7: 1986 Second Quarter: Detailed Expenditures
    • DS8: 1986 Second Quarter: Income
    • DS9: 1986 Third Quarter: Consumer Unit Characteristics and Income
    • DS10: 1986 Third Quarter: Member Characteristics
    • DS11: 1986 Third Quarter: Detailed Expenditures
    • DS12: 1986 Third Quarter: Income
    • DS13: 1986 Fourth Quarter: Consumer Unit Characteristics and Income
    • DS14: 1986 Fourth Quarter: Member Characteristics
    • DS15: 1986 Fourth Quarter: Detailed Expenditures
    • DS16: 1986 Fourth Quarter: Income
    • DS17: 1986 Universal Classification Codes and Their Titles
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1986
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Total United States civilian noninstitutionalized population.
This survey is based on a national probability sample of households. The sampling frame (i.e., the list from which housing units were chosen) for this survey was generated from the 1980 Census 100 percent detail file. Each selected sample unit is requested to keep two one-week diaries of expenditures over consecutive weeks. The earliest possible day for placing a diary with a household is predesignated so that each day of the week has an equal chance to start the reference week and the diaries are evenly spaced throughout the year. During the last six weeks of the year, the diary sample is supplemented to twice its normal size to increase the reportings of types of expenditures unique to the holiday season.
Collection Mode
  • The codebook for this data collection is machine-readable only. All published and unpublished Universal Classification Codes (UCC) have been included on the Diary files. This will permit users to integrate data from the Diary and Interview surveys. The Consumer Unit Characteristics and Income (FMLY) files supply information on consumer unit characteristics, consumer unit income, and characteristics and earnings of the reference person and his or her spouse. Member Characteristics (MEMB) files contain selected characteristics for each consumer unit member, including reference person and spouse. The Detailed Expenditures (EXPN) files present weekly data on expenditures at the UCC level, while the Income (DTAB) files contain weekly data on income at the UCC level.

2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 18 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 18 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.
This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9114 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Zan, Hua, Fan, Jessie X.. Cohort effects of household expenditures on food away from home. Journal of Consumer Affairs.44, (1), 213-233.2010.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-6606.2010.01163.x (DOI)
  • Primiceri, Giorgio E., van Rens, Thijs. Heterogeneous life-cycle profiles, income risk and consumption inequality. Journal of Monetary Economics.56, (1), 20-39.2009.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jmoneco.2008.10.001 (DOI)
  • Ding, Li. United States Households Consumption, a Comprehensive Analysis. Dissertation, University of Maryland-College Park. 2007.
  • Barrow, Lisa, McGranahan, Leslie. The effects of the earned income credit on the seasonality of household expenditures. National Tax Journal.53, (4), 1211-1243.2000.
  • Souleles, Nicholas S.. College tuition and household savings and consumption. Journal of Public Economics.77, (2), 185-207.2000.
    • ID: 10.1016/S0047-2727(99)00068-7 (DOI)
  • Cortez, Rafael, Senauer, Ben. Taste Changes in the Demand for Food by Demographic Groups in the United States: A Nonparametric Empirical Analysis. American Journal of Agricultural Economics.78, (2), 280-289.1996.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Zuo, Jun. Health Information, Consumer Participation, and Market Demand: The Case of Fresh Milk in the United States. Dissertation, Ohio State University. 1996.
  • Russell, Cheryl. The Official Guide to the American Marketplace, 2nd Edition. Ithaca: New Strategist Publications. 1995.
  • Cortez, Rafael A.. Taste Changes in the Demand for Food by Demographic Groups in the United States: A Nonparametric Empirical Analysis. Dissertation, University of Minnesota. 1994.
  • Del Boca, Daniela, Flinn, Christopher J.. Expenditure decisions of divorced mothers and income composition. Journal of Human Resources.29, (3), 742-761.1994.
  • Rubin, Rose M., Riney, Bobye J.. Workig Wives and Dual-Earner Families. Westport: Praeger. 1994.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Labor. Bureau of Labor Statistics (1989): Consumer Expenditure Survey, 1986: Diary Survey. Version 1. Consumer Expenditure Survey Series. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.