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Agricultural and Demographic Records of 21,118 Rural Households Selected from the 1860 Manuscript Censuses

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Bateman, Fred
  • Foust, James D.
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • National Science Foundation
Free Keywords
agriculture; census data; crop production; demographic characteristics; households; livestock inventories; nineteenth century; rural areas
  • Abstract

    Demographic, occupational and economic information for over 21,000 rural households in the northern United States in 1860 is provided in this dataset. The data were obtained from the manuscript agricultural and population schedules of the 1860 United States Census. Variables include farm values, livestock inventories, and crop production figures for the households that owned or operated farms (over half the households in the study), as well as values of real and personal estate, color, sex, age, literacy, school attendance, occupation, place of birth, and parents' nationality of all individuals residing in the sampled households.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1860
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
956 counties in 20 northern states
A two-stage variable-cluster sample design was used. A random sample of 102 counties in 16 northern states was drawn. From each of these counties one nonurban township was randomly selected. Census records from all households in the selected townships were included in the study.
Collection Mode
  • In this hierarchical dataset each household has three separate record types. There is one "A" record per household, containing farm and livestock statistics, . Each household has one or more "B" records, which provide information on crop production, and one or more "C" records, containing demographic information on household members. For the total sample of 21,118 households, there are three or more records per case, depending on the number of "B" and "C" records for a given household. There are 16 variables for the "A" records, a maximum of approximately 77 variables for the "B" records, and a minimum of five variables for the "C" records. An earlier version of this collection, AGRICULTURAL AND DEMOGRAPHIC RECORDS FOR RURAL HOUSEHOLDS IN THE NORTH, 1860 (ICPSR 7420), is available in rectangular format.

Funding insitution(s): National Science Foundation (AS-27143).
This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9117 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Atack, Jeremy, Bateman, Fred. Nineteenth-Century U.S. Industrial Development through the Eyes of the Census of Manufactures. Historical Methods.32, (4), 177-188.1999.
    • ID: 10.1080/01615449909598939 (DOI)
  • Hacker, J. David, Ruggles, Steven, Foroughi, Andrea R., Jarvis, Brad D., Sargent, Walter L.. Public Use Microdata Samples of the 1860 and 1870 U.S. Censuses of Population. Historical Methods.32, (3), 125-133.1999.
    • ID: 10.1080/01615449909598933 (DOI)
  • Atack, Jeremy, Bateman, Fred. To Their Own Soil. Ames, IA: Iowa State University Press. 1987.
  • Bateman, Fred, Foust, James D.. A sample of rural households selected from the 1860 manuscript censuses. Agricultural History.48, (1), 75-93.1974.
  • Bateman, Fred, Foust, James D.. A Matched Sample of Households Selected from the 1860 United States Manuscript Censuses. Historical Methods Newsletter.6, (4), 141-148.1973.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Bateman, Fred; Foust, James D. (1989): Agricultural and Demographic Records of 21,118 Rural Households Selected from the 1860 Manuscript Censuses. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.