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Census of Population, 1910 [United States]: Public Use Sample

Resource Type
Dataset : census/enumeration data
  • Preston, Samuel H. (University of Pennsylvania. Population Studies Center)
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
  • National Science Foundation
Free Keywords
census data; demographic characteristics; household composition; households
  • Abstract

    This nationally representative sample of the United States population in 1910 was drawn from manuscript census schedules. The file contains a record for each household selected in the sample, and supplies variables describing the location, type, and composition of the households. Each household record is followed by a record for each individual residing in the household. Information on individuals includes demographic characteristics, occupation, literacy, nativity, ethnicity, and fertility.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Wave I Rectangular File
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1910-04-15
  • Collection date: 1910
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Manuscript census records from 1910 for the 46 United States, the territories of Arizona and New Mexico, the District of Columbia, Alaska, Hawaii, and overseas military personnel.
The sampling design employed was a 1-in-250 stratified random sample, self-weighted.
Collection Mode
  • This dataset has two levels. The first level contains 30 variables and one record per case for each of 88,814 households. The second level contains 44 variables and one record per case for each of 366,239 individuals residing in those households. The data contain blanks and alphabetic characters.

This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9166 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Alba, Richard, Lutz, Amy, Vesselinov, Elena. How Enduring Were the Inequalities Amont European Immigrant Groups in the United States?. Demography.38, (3), 349-356.2001.
    • ID: 10.1353/dem.2001.0022 (DOI)
  • Borjas, George J.. Long-Run Convergence of Ethnic Skill Differentials, Revisited. Demography.38, (3), 357-361.2001.
    • ID: 10.1353/dem.2001.0024 (DOI)
  • Durand, Jorge, Massey, Douglas S., Charvet, Fernando. The Changing Geography of Mexican Immigration to the United States: 1910-1996. Social Science Quarterly.81, (1), 1-15.2000.
  • Fairlie, Robert W., Meyer, Bruce D.. Trends in self-employment among white and black men during the twentieth century. Journal of Human Resources.35, (4), 643-669.2000.
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  • Sassler, Sharon. Learning to be an 'American lady'? Ethnic variation in daughters' pursuits in the early 1900s. Gender and Society.14, (1), 184-209.2000.
    • ID: 10.1177/089124300014001010 (DOI)
  • Savolainen, Jukka. Relative cohort size and age-specific arrest rates: A conditional interpretation of the Easterlin effect. Criminology.38, (1), 117-136.2000.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.2000.tb00885.x (DOI)
  • Elman, Cheryl. Labor markets and opportunity structures: Modeling the contexts of retirement in the historical United States. Research on Aging.21, (2), 205-239.1999.
    • ID: 10.1177/0164027599212004 (DOI)
  • Elman, Cheryl. Intergenerational household structure and economic change at the turn of the twentieth century. Journal of Family History.23, (4), 417-440.1998.
    • ID: 10.1177/036319909802300405 (DOI)
  • Goldin, Claudia, Katz, Lawrence F.. The origins of technology-skill complementarity. Quarterly Journal of Economics.113, (3), 693 -1998.
    • ID: 10.1162/003355398555720 (DOI)
  • Weeden, Kim A.. Revisiting occupational sex segregation in the United States, 1910-1990: Results from a log-linear approach. Demography.35, (4), 475-487.1998.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Haines, Michael R., Preston, Samuel H.. The Use of the Census to Estimate Childhood Mortality. Historical Methods.30, (2), 77-96.1997.
    • ID: 10.1080/01615449709601177 (DOI)
  • Juckett, David A., Rosenberg, Barnett. Time series analysis supporting the hypothesis that enhanced cosmic radiation during germ cell formation can increase breast cancer mortality in germ cell cohorts. International Journal of Biometeorology.40, (4), 203-222.1997.
    • ID: 10.1007/s004840050043 (DOI)
  • Tolnay, Stewart E.. Structural Change and Fertility Change in the South, 1910 to 1940. Social Science Quarterly.77, (3), 559-576.1996.
  • Kramarow, Ellen A.. The elderly who live alone in the United States: Historical perspectives on household change. Demography.32, (3), 335-352.1995.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Magnuson, Diana L.. Who and What Determined the Content of the U.S. Population Schedule Over Time. Historical Methods.28, (1), 11-26.1995.
    • ID: 10.1080/01615440.1995.9955309 (DOI)
  • Magnuson, Diana L., King, Miriam L.. Comparability of the Public Use Microdata Samples: Enumeration Procedures. Historical Methods.28, (1), 27-32.1995.
    • ID: 10.1080/01615440.1995.9955310 (DOI)
  • Ruggles, Steven. Family Interrelationships. Historical Methods.28, (1), 52-58.1995.
    • ID: 10.1080/01615440.1995.9955314 (DOI)
  • Ruggles, Steven. Sample Designs and Sampling Errors. Historical Methods.28, (1), 40-46.1995.
    • ID: 10.1080/01615440.1995.9955312 (DOI)
  • Ruggles, Steven, Hacker, J. David, Sobek, Matthew. General Design of the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Historical Methods.28, (1), 33-39.1995.
    • ID: 10.1080/01615440.1995.9955311 (DOI)
  • Ruggles, Steven, Menard, Russell R.. The Minnesota Historical Census Project. Historical Methods.28, (1), 6-10.1995.
    • ID: 10.1080/01615440.1995.9955308 (DOI)
  • Sobek, Matthew. The Comparability of Occupations and the Generation of Income Scores. Historical Methods.28, (1), 47-51.1995.
    • ID: 10.1080/01615440.1995.9955313 (DOI)
  • Borjas, George J.. Long-run convergence of ethnic skill differentials: The children and grandchildren of the Great Migration. Industrial and Labor Relations Review.47, (4), 553 -1994.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Miller, Ann R.. Estimating Interregional Migration in the United Staes form Sample Data: A Procedural Note. Historical Methods.27, (1), 5-23.1994.
  • Moen, Jon R.. Rural Nonfarm Households: Leaving the Farm and the Retirement of Older Men, 1860-1980. Social Science History.18, (1), 55-76.1994.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Moen, Jon R.. The Unemployment and Retirement of Older Men. Historical Methods.27, (1), 40-46.1994.
  • Ruggles, Steven. The origins of African-American family structure. American Sociological Review.59, (1), 136-151.1994.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Watkins, Susan Cotts. After Ellis Island: Newcomers and Natives in the 1910 Census. New York: Russell Sage. 1994.
  • Watkins, Susan Cotts, London, Andrew S.. Personal names and cultural change: A study of the naming patterns of Italians and Jews in the United States in 1910. Social Science History.18, (2), 169-210.1994.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Card, David, Krueger, Alan B.. Trends in relative black-white earnings revisited. American Economic Review.83, (2), 85-91.1993.
  • Gimpel, James. Reform-Resistent and Reform-Adopting Machines: The Electoral Foundations of Urban Politics, 1910-1930. Political Research Quarterly.46, (2), 371-382.1993.
  • Landale, Nancy S., Tolnay, Stewart E.. Generation, ethnicity, and marriage: Historical patterns in the northern United States. Demography.30, (1), 103-126.1993.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Margo, Robert A., Finegan, T. Aldrich. The Decline in Black Teenage Labor-Force Participation in the South, 1900- 1970: The Role of Schooling. American Economic Review.83, (1), 234-247.1993.
  • McCaa, Robert. Ethnic intermarriage and gender in New York City. Journal of Interdisciplinary History.24, (2), 207-231.1993.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Morgan, S. Philip, McDaniel, Antonio, Miller, Andrew T., Preston, Samuel H.. Racial differences in household and family structure at the turn of the century. American Journal of Sociology.98, (4), 799-828.1993.
    • ID: 10.1086/230090 (DOI)
  • Landale, Nancy S., Tolnay, Stewart E.. Group differences in economic opportunity and the timing of marriage: Blacks and whites in the rural South, 1910. The Changing American Family: Sociological and Demographic Perspectives.Boulder, CO: Westview. 1992.
  • Preston, Samuel H., Lim, Suet, Morgan, S. Philip. African-American marriage in 1910: Beneath the surface of census data. Demography.29, (1), 1-15.1992.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Walters, Pamela Barnhouse, James, David R.. Schooling for Some: Child Labor and School Enrollment of Black and White Children in the Early Twentieth-Century South. American Sociological Review.57, (5), 635-650.1992.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Condran, Gretchen A., Kramarow, Ellen A.. Child mortality among Jewish immigrants to the United States. Journal of Interdisciplinary History.22, (2), 223-254.1991.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Gross, Stephen. Domestic Labor as a Life-Course Event: The Effects of Ethnicity in Turn-of-the-Century America. Social Science History.15, (3), 397-416.1991.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Landale, Nancy S., Tolnay, Stewart E.. Group Differences in Economic Opportunity and the Timing of Marriage: Blacks and Whites in the Rural South, 1910. American Sociological Review.56, (1), 33-45.1991.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Pagnini, Deanna. Marital Fertility Among Rural White Women in the U.S., 1905-1910: The Effects of Individual and Community Factors. Population Association of America Annual Meeting.Washington, DC. 1991.
  • Sobek, Matthew. Class Analysis and the U.S. Census Public Use Samples. Historical Methods.24, (4), 171-181.1991.
    • ID: 10.1080/01615440.1991.9955302 (DOI)
  • Berman, David R.. State Legislators and Their Constituents: Regulating Arizona Railroads in the Progressive Era. Social Science Quarterly.71, (4), 812-823.1990.
  • Pagnini, Deanna L., Morgan, S. Philip. Intermarriage and social distance among U.S. immigrants at the turn of the century. American Journal of Sociology.96, (2), 405-432.1990.
    • ID: 10.1086/229534 (DOI)
  • Jacobs, Jerry A.. Long-term trends in occupational segregation by sex. American Journal of Sociology.95, (1), 160-173.1989.
    • ID: 10.1086/229217 (DOI)
  • Lyson, Thomas A.. Industrial Change and the Sexual Division of Labor in New York and Georgia: 1910-1930. Social Science Quarterly.70, (2), 356-374.1989.
  • Strong, Michael A., Preston, Samuel H., Hereward, Mark C.. An Introduction to the Public Use Sample of the 1910 U.S. Census of Population. Historical Methods.22, (2), 54-56.1989.
  • Fischer, Claude S., Carroll, Glenn R.. Telephone and Automobile Diffusion in the United States, 1902-1937. American Journal of Sociology.93, (5), 1153-1178.1988.
    • ID: 10.1086/228867 (DOI)
  • McDonagh, Eileen L., Price, H. Douglas. Woman suffrage in the Progressive Era: Patterns of opposition and support in referenda voting, 1910-1918. American Political Science Review.79, (2), 415-435.1985.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Beckett, Joyce O.. Working Women: A Historical Review of Racial Differences. Black Sociologist.9, (1), 5-27.1982.
  • Lindert, Peter. Fertility and Scarcity in America. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. 1978.
  • Kousser, J. Morgan. The Shaping of Southern Politics: Suffrage Restriction and the Establishment of the One Party South, 1880-1910. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. 1974.
  • Allswang, John M.. A House for all Peoples: Ethnic Politics in Chicago 1890-1936. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky. 1971.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Preston, Samuel H. (1989): Census of Population, 1910 [United States]: Public Use Sample. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.