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American Housing Survey, 1985: MSA File

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • American Housing Survey Series
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Housing and Urban Development
Free Keywords
energy assistance; commuting (travel); energy conservation; energy consumption; home ownership; housing; housing conditions; housing costs; housing occupancy; housing units; income; Metropolitan Statistical Areas; municipal services; neighborhood conditions; property insurance; property taxes; property values; rental housing; relocation; utility rates
  • Abstract

    This data collection contains information from samples of housing units in 11 Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs). Data include year the structure was built, type and number of living quarters, occupancy status, presence of commercial or medical establishments on the property, and property value. Additional data focus on kitchen and plumbing facilities, type of heating fuel used, source of water, sewage disposal, and heating and air-conditioning equipment. Questions concerning quality of housing include condition of walls and floors, adequacy of heat in winter, availability of electrical outlets, basement and roof water leakage, and exterminator service for mice or rats. Data on housing expenses include amount of mortgage or rent payments and costs of utilities, fuel, garbage collection, property insurance, and real estate taxes. Respondents who had moved recently were questioned about characteristics of the previous residence and reasons for moving. Residents were also asked to evaluate the quality of their neighborhoods with respect to such issues as crime, street noise, quality of roads, commercial activities, presence of trash, litter, abandoned structures or offensive odors, and adequacy of services such as police protection, shopping facilities, and schools. In addition to housing characteristics, some demographic information is provided on household members, such as age, sex, race, marital status, income, and relationship to householder. Additional data are available on the householder, including years of school completed, Spanish origin, and length of residence.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Boston, Massachusetts-New Hampshire
    • DS2: Dallas, Texas
    • DS3: Detroit, Michigan
    • DS4: Fort Worth-Arlington, Texas
    • DS5: Los Angeles-Long Beach, California
    • DS6: Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota
    • DS7: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania-New Jersey
    • DS8: Phoenix, Arizona
    • DS9: San Francisco-Oakland, California
    • DS10: Tampa-St. Petersburg, Florida
    • DS11: Washington, DC-Maryland-Virginia
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1985
  • Collection date: 1985
Geographic Coverage
  • Arizona
  • Arlington
  • Boston
  • California
  • Dallas
  • Detroit
  • District of Columbia
  • Florida
  • Fort Worth
  • Long Beach
  • Los Angeles
  • Maryland
  • Massachusetts
  • Michigan
  • Minneapolis
  • Minnesota
  • New Hampshire
  • Oakland
  • Pennsylvania
  • Philadelphia
  • Phoenix
  • San Francisco
  • St. Paul
  • St. Petersburg
  • Tampa
  • Texas
  • United States
  • Virginia
Sampled Universe
Housing units in 11 Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs).
Samples of housing units from 11 MSAs drawn from 1980 Census of Population and Housing records, and updated to include a sample of housing units constructed since 1980.
Collection Mode
  • The Annual Housing Surveys have been renamed the American Housing Surveys by the Census Bureau. Beginning in 1984, the MSA survey comprises the survey previously known as the SMSA survey. Also beginning in 1984, the MSA samples were based on the 1980 Census rather than the 1970 Census. Consequently, users wishing to conduct longitudinal analysis will not be able to link surveys conducted after 1983 with earlier survey years, although such analysis will be possible with subsequent years through 1993.

2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 12 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 12 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Housing and Urban Development.
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9178 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR09178.v1
  • Nelson, Kathryn P., Edwards, John G.. Intra-urban mobility and location choice in the 1980s. Housing Markets and Residential Mobility.Washington, DC: Urban Institute. 1993.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census (1989): American Housing Survey, 1985: MSA File. Archival Version. American Housing Survey Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.