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European Election Study 1994 (First Pre-Election Survey)

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Reif, Karlheinz (Kommission der Europäischen Gemeinschaften, Brüssel)
  • Melich, Anna (Kommission der Europäischen Gemeinschaften, Brüssel)
Publication Date
  • Marketing Unit, Bruessel (Data Collector)
  • GFK Danmark, Kopenhagen (Data Collector)
  • SAMPLE INSTITUT, Moelln (Data Collector)
  • KEME, Athen (Data Collector)
  • CIMEI, Madrid (Data Collector)
  • TMO Consultants, Paris (Data Collector)
  • Lansdowne Market Research, Dublin (Data Collector)
  • PRAGMA, Rom (Data Collector)
  • ILRES, Luxemburg (Data Collector)
  • NIPO, Amsterdam (Data Collector)
  • NORMA, Lissabon (Data Collector)
  • NOP Corporate and Financial, LondonUlster Marketing Services, NordirlandINRA EUROPE, Bruessel (Internationale Koordination) (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • International politics and organisation
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
    • Government, political systems and organisation
    • Elections
  • Abstract

    Questions on European politics and especially the European Election. The data set contains parts of Eurobarometer 40 concentrating on the European Election. The data set is archived in cumulated form over four studies under ZA Study No. 2865. Topics: Among others the following questions were posed: contentment with life; satisfaction with democracy; expected personal as well as general economic development; expected development of general employment situation as well as one´s own occupational situation; personal opinion leadership and frequency of political discussions; frequency of obtaining news from television, radio and newspapers; interest in European politics; advantageousness of EC membership of one´s country; regret of a possible failure of the EC; desired division of responsibility in selected political areas between national government and EC; feeling as European; satisfaction with functioning of democracy in the EC; most important problems of the EC; decision behavior with a referendum about the Treaty of Maastricht; intent to participate in the European Election in June 1994; party preference.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1993-10 / 1993-11
Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • France (FR)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Spain (ES)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
Sampled Universe
Persons 15 years old and older
Sampling Procedure Comment: Multi-stage stratified random sample
Collection Mode
  • Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 13073
The 13063 cases of the data set are distributed among the individual countries as follows: Belgium 1003 cases, Denmark 1000 cases, Federal Republic of Germany (West) 1047 cases, Federal Republic of Germany (East) 1122 cases, Greece 1002 cases, Spain 1000 cases, France 1024 cases, Ireland 1000 cases, Italy 1012 cases, Luxembourg 502 cases, Netherlands 1000 cases, Portugal 1000 cases, Great Britain 1061 cases, Northern Ireland 300 cases. Earlier Eurobarometers (2 - 39) are archived under ZA Study Nos. 0986 - 0995, 1036 - 1039, 1206 - 1209, 1318 - 1321, 1541 - 1544, 1712 - 1715, 1750 - 1753, 1960 - 1962, 2031 - 2033, 2081, 2141, 2241 - 2243, 2294 - 2295, as well as 2346 and 2347. A cumulated data set of the Eurobarometers (1973-1992) is archived under ZA Study No. 2533.
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA2866 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Kommission der Europäischen Gemeinschaften (Hrsg.): Eurobarometer 40: Die öffentliche Meinung in der Europäischen Gemeinschaft. Brüssel: Selbstverlag 1993.

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 86 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22

Reif, Karlheinz; Melich, Anna (1997): European Election Study 1994 (First Pre-Election Survey). Version: 1.0.0. GESIS Data Archive. Dataset.