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Physical Violence in American Families, 1985

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Gelles, Richard J.
  • Straus, Murray A.
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute of Mental Health
Free Keywords
ethnicity; families; family structure; family violence; households; race
  • Abstract

    Data were collected in this follow-up survey to compare estimates of the incidence of intrafamily physical violence with estimates obtained in an earlier survey, PHYSICAL VIOLENCE IN AMERICAN FAMILIES, 1976 (ICPSR 7733). The main component of this survey design was a national cross-sectional survey of adults in the United States who either (1) were currently married or living together, (2) were single parents with children under 18 in the household, or (3) had been married or had lived with a partner of the opposite sex within the past two years. Approximately two-thirds of American households met one of these three requirements at the time of the survey. Another objective of the survey was to generate comparisons of the incidence of intrafamily physical violence by race and ethnicity. Variables in this data collection include number of couples, single parents, and children in the household, respondent's race, ethnicity, sex, age, and marital status, number of persons in the household previously married, years lived in the community, and employment/occupation information.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Data File
    • DS2: SAS Data Definition Statements
Temporal Coverage
  • 1985-06-10 / 1985-08-30
    Time period: 1985-06-10--1985-08-30
  • 1985-06-10 / 1985-08-30
    Collection date: 1985-06-10--1985-08-30
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Adults and children under 18 in American families.
The initial stage of sample construction required the development of a national area probability sample based upon the distribution of the adult population of the United States. Non-Hispanic Blacks, Hispanic Blacks, and non-Black Hispanics were oversampled.
Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute of Mental Health (MH40027).
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9211 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR09211.v1
  • Anderson, Deborah J.. The Impact on Subsequent Violence of Returning to an Abusive Partner. Journal of Comparative Family Studies.34, (1), 93-113.2003.
  • Stevenson, Betsey, Wolfers, Justin. Bargaining in the Shadow of the Law: Divorce Laws and Family Distress. National Bureau of Economic Research, . 2003.
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  • Heyman, Richard E., Slep, Amy M. Smith. Do child abuse and interparental violence lead to adulthood family violence?. Journal of Marriage and Family.64, (4), 864-870.2002.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1741-3737.2002.00864.x (DOI)
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  • Heyman, Richard E., Slep, Amy M. Smith. The hazards of predicting divorce without crossvalidation. Journal of Marriage and Family.63, (2), 473-479.2001.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1741-3737.2001.00473.x (DOI)
  • Schumacher, Julie Ann. Battering and common couple violence: A construct validation. Dissertation, State University of New York at Stony Brook. 2001.
  • Walby, Sylvia, Myhill, Andrew. New survey methodologies in researching violence against women. British Journal of Criminology.41, (3), 502-522.2001.
    • ID: 10.1093/bjc/41.3.502 (DOI)
  • Campbell, Jacquelyn C.. Promise and perils of surveillance in addressing violence against women. Violence Against Women.6, (7), 705-727.2000.
    • ID: 10.1177/10778010022182119 (DOI)
  • Gordon, Malcolm. Definitional issues in violence against women: Surveillance and research from a violence research perspective. Violence Against Women.6, (7), 747-783.2000.
  • Lambert, Linda C., Firestone, Juanita M.. Economic context and multiple abuse techniques. Violence Against Women.6, (1), 49-67.2000.
  • Edleson, Jeffrey L.. The overlap between child maltreatment and woman battering. Violence Against Women.5, (2), 134-154.1999.
    • ID: 10.1177/107780129952003 (DOI)
  • Markowitz, Sara. The Price of Alcohol, Wife Abuse, and Husband Abuse. NBER Working Paper Series.6916, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 1999.
    • ID: (URL)
  • O'Farrell, Timothy J., Van Hutton, Valerie, Murphy, Christopher M.. Domestic Violence before and after Alcoholism Treatment: A Two-Year Longitudinal Study. Journal of Studies on Alcohol.60, (3), 317 -1999.
  • Markowitz, Sara Joyce. Alcohol Regulation and Gender-Specific Parental Violence Towards Children. Dissertation, City University of New York. 1998.
  • Markowitz, Sara, Grossman, Michael. The Effects of Alcohol Regulation on Physical Child Abuse. NBER Working Paper Series.6629, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 1998.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Fagan, Jeffrey, Garner, Joel, Maxwell, Christopher. Reducing Injuries to Women in Domestic Assaults, Final Report. Atlanta, GA: United States Department of Health and Human Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 1997.
  • Dobrin, Adam, Wiersma, Brian, Loftin, Colin, McDowall, David. Statistical Handbook on Violence in America. Phoenix: Oryx Press. 1996.
  • Straus, Murray A., Yodanis, Carrie L.. Corporal punishment in adolescence and physical assaults on spouses in later life: What accounts for the link?. Journal of Marriage and Family.58, (4), 825-841.1996.
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  • Johnson, Michael P.. Patriarchal terrorism and common couple violence: Two forms of violence against women. Journal of Marriage and Family.57, (2), 283 -1995.
    • ID: (URL)
  • O'Farrell, Timothy J., Murphy, Christopher M.. Marital Violence Before and After Alcoholism Treatment. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology.63, (2), 256-262.1995.
    • ID: 10.1037/0022-006X.63.2.256 (DOI)
  • Straus, Murray A., Kantor, Glenda Kaufman. Trends in Physical Abuse by Parents from 1975 to 1992: A Comparison of Three National Surveys. Annual Meeting of the American Society of Criminology.Boston, MA. 1995.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Straus, Murray A., Sweet, Stephen. Verbal/Symbolic Aggression in Couples: Incidence Rates and Relationships to Personal Characteristics. Journal of Marriage and Family.54, (2), 346-357.1992.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Williams, Kirk R.. Social Sources of Marital Violence and Deterrence: Testing an Integrated Theory of Assaults Between Partners. Journal of Marriage and Family.54, (3), 620-629.1992.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Egly, Lance C.. What Changes the Societal Prevalence of Domestic Violence?. Journal of Marriage and Family.53, (4), 885-897.1991.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Straus, Murray A., Gelles, Richard J., Steinmetz, Suzanne K.. Behind Closed Doors: Violence in the American Family. Newbury Park, CA: Sage. 1991.
  • Straus, Murray A., Gelles, Richard J.. Physical Violence in American Families: Risk Factors and Adaptions to Violence in 8,145 Families. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction. 1990.
  • Feld, Scott L., Straus, Murray A.. Escalation and Desistance of Wife Assault in Marriage. Criminology.27, (1), 151-161.1989.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.1989.tb00866.x (DOI)
  • Gelles, Richard J., Straus, Murray A.. Intimate Violence. New York: Simon and Schuster. 1989.
  • Hotaling, Gerald T., Straus, Murray A., with Lincoln, Alan J.. Intrafamily violence, and crime and violence outside the family. Family Violence. Crime and Justice: A Review of Research.Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. 1989.
  • Williams, Kirk R., Hawkins, Richard. The meaning of arrest of wife assault. Criminology.27, (1), 163-181.1989.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.1989.tb00867.x (DOI)
  • Straus, Murray A., Gelles, Richard J.. Violence in American families: How much is there and why does it occur?. Troubled Relationships.Newbury Park, CA: Sage. 1988.
  • Straus, Murray A., Gelles, Richard J.. Societal change and change in family violence from 1975 to 1985 as revealed by two national samples. Journal of Marriage and Family.48, 465-479.1986.
    • ID: (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 10 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Gelles, Richard J.; Straus, Murray A. (1989): Physical Violence in American Families, 1985. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.