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Analyzing Trial Time in California, Colorado, and New Jersey, 1986

Version
v1
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • Sipes, Dale Anne (University of Michigan)
  • Oram, Mary Elsner (University of Michigan)
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
1989-09-26
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice
Language
English
Free Keywords
attitudes; attorneys; case processing; disposition (legal); judges; time utilization; trial procedures; trials
Description
  • Abstract

    This study of nine courts was undertaken to identify procedural factors that can be used to reduce the length of criminal and civil trials without impairing fairness. The data collection provides direct information on the actual amount of time consumed by various trial segments and the perceived length of trial segments as gauged by judges and attorneys. In addition, data are supplied on the legal community's attitudes toward existing trial length, reasons for it, and judicial control over it. The trial case file contains information on types of cases and trials, estimated trial length, type of disposition, type of defense attorney, number of claims, cross-claims, and counterclaims, number of exhibits introduced, number of expert and lay witnesses called by the defense, number of peremptory challenges, and day and time the trial ended. The questionnaire data contain information on professional experiences, number of cases tried per month, opinions about time consumed by each segment of the trial, estimated time used in each segment, and attitudes toward judicial control over the trial length.
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Civil Trial File
    • DS2: Criminal Trial File
    • DS3: Judge Survey File
    • DS4: Criminal Attorney Survey File
    • DS5: Civil Attorney Survey File
Temporal Coverage
  • 1986-03 / 1987-01
    Time period: 1986-03--1987-01
  • 1986-03 / 1987-01
    Collection date: 1986-03--1987-01
Geographic Coverage
  • California
  • Colorado
  • New Jersey
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Civil and criminal trial cases, trial judges, and civil and criminal attorneys in California, Colorado, and New Jersey.
Sampling
There are two samples. In the trial case sample, cases were obtained from a convenience sample of ongoing trials heard during March 1986-January 1987 in three counties in each of the three states. For the survey, mailing lists of judges, civil plaintiff's attorneys, private criminal defense attorneys, criminal prosecutors, and public defenders were obtained from the court administrator's office at each site. Completed surveys were received from 57 judges (50 percent response rate), 197 criminal attorneys (47 percent), and 131 civil attorneys (38 percent).
Note
2006-01-18 File CB9223.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.2005-01-14 The second version of the Criminal Trial File (former Part 3 on the download page), which was redundant with Part 2, was removed. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (85-IJ-CX-0044).
Availability
Download
This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9223 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Publications
  • Mahoney, Barry, Sipes, Dale Anne. Toward better management of criminal litigation. Judicature.72, 29-37.1988.
  • Sipes, D.A., Oram, M.E.. On Trial: The Length of Civil and Criminal Trials. NCJ 115768, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1988.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/115768NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • Sipes, Dale A.. Lengths to Which Courts Go To Try a Case (and Possible Remedies). NCJ 110116, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1988.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/110116NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • Sipes, Dale A.. The lengths courts go to try a case -- and possible remedies. State Court Journal.12, (1), 4-17.1988.
    • ID: http://ncsc.contentdm.oclc.org/cdm/singleitem/collection/ctadmin/id/451/rec/14 (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Sipes, Dale Anne; Oram, Mary Elsner (1989): Analyzing Trial Time in California, Colorado, and New Jersey, 1986. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09223.v1