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Impact of Casino Gambling on Crime in the Atlantic City Region, 1970-1984

Resource Type
Dataset : event/transaction data
  • Hakim, Simon
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice
Free Keywords
burglary; casinos; crime patterns; crime rates; gambling; police; population characteristics; population size; robbery
  • Abstract

    The aim of this data collection was to gauge the impact of legalized casino gambling on the level and spatial distribution of crime in the Atlantic City region by comparing crime rates before and after the introduction of this type of gambling in the area. Data for the years 1972 through 1984 were collected from various New Jersey state publications for 64 localities and include information on population size and density, population characteristics of race, age, per capita income, education and home ownership, real estate values, number of police employees and police expenditures, total city expenditure, and number of burglaries, larcenies, robberies and vehicle thefts. Spatial variables include population attributes standardized by land area in square miles, and measures of accessibility, location, and distance from Atlantic City. For the 1970/1980 data file, additional variables pertaining to population characteristics were created from census data to match economic and crime attributes found in the 1972-1984 data. Data on eight additional locations are available in the 1970/1980 file.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: 1972-1984 File
    • DS2: 1970/1980 File
Temporal Coverage
  • Collection date: 1985
Geographic Coverage
  • Atlantic City
  • New Jersey
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Cities and towns in Atlantic County, Cape May County, and Ocean County in New Jersey.
All cities and towns in Atlantic, Cape May, and Ocean counties in New Jersey (72 localities) for which 1970 and 1980 census data were available.
2006-01-18 File CB9237.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (85-IJ-CX-P394).
This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9237 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Buck, Andrew J., Hakim, Simon, Spiegel, Uriel. Casinos, crime, and real estate values: Do they relate?. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency.28, (3), 288-303.1991.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022427891028003003 (DOI)
  • Friedman, Joseph, Hakim, Simon, Weinblatt, J.. Casino gambling as a 'growth pole' strategy and its effect on crime. Journal of Regional Science.29, (4), 615-623.1989.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1467-9787.1989.tb01247.x (DOI)
  • Hakim, Simon, Buck, Andrew J.. Do casinos enhance crime?. Journal of Criminal Justice.17, (5), 409-416.1989.
    • ID: 10.1016/0047-2352(89)90050-0 (DOI)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Hakim, Simon (1989): Impact of Casino Gambling on Crime in the Atlantic City Region, 1970-1984. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.