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Survey of Men Employed in Civilian Occupations in the United States, 1964

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Kohn, Melvin L.
  • Schooler, Carmi
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Survey of Men Employed in Civilian Occupations in the United States Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
children; employment history; job security; men; occupations; parenting skills; personality; self concept; social values; work; work environment
  • Abstract

    This data collection investigates the relationship between men's work and personality, and provides information regarding work, parenting practices, orientation toward work and society in general, and values. Work-related variables describe the place and conditions of employment, including the degree of supervision, placement within the workplace hierarchy, and the complexity of work with people, data, and things. Respondents also were questioned regarding job satisfaction, expectations for the future, job security, union membership and activities, and preferred occupation. Additionally, respondents provided self-evaluations of job and career performance, the importance and prestige of their jobs, and a complete work history for all jobs held for six months or more. Respondents who were parents at the time of the interview were queried regarding parenting practices and parental values, including methods of child discipline and reinforcement employed, and the level of educational achievement and future occupation preferred for their children. In addition, respondents were asked to select the most and least desirable qualities for their children from a prepared list of attributes. Respondents also were questioned regarding social orientation and self-concept. To measure social orientation, respondents were asked to state the extent to which they agreed or disagreed with statements indicating authoritarian or nonauthoritarian tendencies, different criteria of morality and amorality, trustfulness and distrustfulness, and statements indicating receptivity or resistance to change. Self-concept was examined by questions concerning self-confidence and diffidence, self-depreciation and self-endorsement, anxiety, fatalistic and accountable attributions of responsibility, and the conformity or independence of their ideas. Respondents also were asked to select the values most and least desired for themselves. Background information collected for respondents and their families includes household composition, metropolitan/nonmetropolitan area of residence, marital status and duration of marriage, education, ethnicity, religion, country of birth and year of immigration, wife's age and employment status, grandparents' occupations, and parents' country of birth, occupation, education, and age when the respondent was born. Also recorded were the number of brothers and sisters the respondent grew up with, the occupation of each sibling, whether the respondent lived with his parents and what his parents' occupations were when he was 16, the age and education level of each child living in the respondent's household, and the respondent's social class self-placement.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1964
  • Collection date: 1964
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Adult men, 16 years of age or older, employed at least 25 hours a week in civilian occupations in the continental United States.
Area probability sample. A complete sampling description can be found in Sudman and Feldman (1965), which is available from the National Opinion Research Center.
Collection Mode
  • The documentation for this study includes copies of original materials provided by the principal investigators. In some places the text is illegible or missing, and some variables are not fully documented. ICPSR cannot undertake more extensive processing of the data and documentation at this time but believes that this study is sufficiently important to the social science community to release it. ICPSR may seek funding to produce more complete documentation if user demand warrants it. External funding might also be used to acquire and process more recent data from this collection.

This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9242 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Schooler, Carmi, Mulatu, Mesfin Samuel, Oates, Gary. The continuing effects of substantively complex work on the intellectual functioning of older workers. Psychology and Aging.14, (3), 483-506.1999.
    • ID: 10.1037/0882-7974.14.3.483 (DOI)
  • Schooler, Carmi, Schoenbach, Carrie. Social class, occupational status, occupational self-direction, and job income: A cross-national examination. Sociological Forum.9, (3), 431-458.1994.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF01466317 (DOI)
  • Kohn, Melvin L., Naoi, Atsushi, Schoenbach, Carrie, Schooler, Carmi, Slomczynski, Kazimierz M.. Position in the class structure and psychological functioning in the United States, Japan, and Poland. American Journal of Sociology.95, (4), 964-1008.1990.
    • ID: 10.1086/229382 (DOI)
  • Roberts, Bruce R.. A confirmatory factor-analytic model of alienation. Social Psychology Quarterly.50, (4), 346-351.1987.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Kohn, Melvin L., Slomczynski, Kazimierz M., Schoenbach, Carrie. Social stratification and the transmission of values in the family: A cross-national assessment. Sociological Forum.1, (1), 73-102.1986.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF01115074 (DOI)
  • Kohn, Melvin L., Schooler, Carmi. Job conditions and personality: A longitudinal assessment of their reciprocal effects. American Journal of Sociology.87, (6), 1257-1286.1982.
    • ID: 10.1086/227593 (DOI)
  • Miller, Joanne, Slomczynski, Kazimierz M., Schoenberg, Ronald J.. Assessing comparability of measurement in cross-national research: Authoritarian-conservatism in different sociocultural settings. Social Psychology Quarterly.44, (3), 178-191.1981.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Kohn, Melvin L.. Class and Conformity: A Study in Values, 2nd Edition. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 1977.
  • Kohn, Melvin L.. Occupational structure and alienation. American Journal of Sociology.82, (1), 111-130.1976.
    • ID: 10.1086/226272 (DOI)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Kohn, Melvin L.; Schooler, Carmi (1994): Survey of Men Employed in Civilian Occupations in the United States, 1964. Version 1. Survey of Men Employed in Civilian Occupations in the United States Series. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.