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National Jail Census, 1988

Resource Type
Dataset : aggregate data
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Other Title
  • Version 2 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • National Jail Census Series
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Free Keywords
census data; correctional facilities; correctional system; corrections management; demographic characteristics; inmate populations; inmates; jail inmates; jails
  • Abstract

    NATIONAL JAIL CENSUS, 1988, is the fifth in a series of data collection efforts aimed at studying the nation's locally administered jails. For purposes of this data collection, a jail was defined as a confinement facility intended for holding adults (and in some cases juveniles) pending adjudication or having sentences of a year or less. Jails were further defined as being administered and staffed by municipal or county employees. Also included in this collection were six jails privately operated under contract for local governments. Excluded from the census were federal or state-administered facilities, including the combined jail-prison systems in Alaska, Connecticut, Delaware, Hawaii, Rhode Island, and Vermont. The mailing list used for the census was derived from data gathered from the AMERICAN CORRECTIONAL ASSOCIATION DIRECTORY OF JUSTICE AGENCIES, publications such as AMERICAN JAILS, telephone calls to large metropolitan jail systems (e.g., New York City), state jail inspection bureaus, and newspaper articles. Following the initial mailout to 3,448 facilities, 44 jails were added and 176 deleted according to the criteria for inclusion, leaving a total of 3,316 facilities in 44 states. Variables include information on jail population by legal status, age and sex of prisoners, maximum sentence, admissions and releases, available services, structure and capacity, expenditure, and employment.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Standardized missing values.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Dataset
    • DS2: Frequencies
Temporal Coverage
  • 1987-07-01 / 1988-06-30
    Time period: 1987-07-01--1988-06-30
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
All locally-administered jails in the United States.
2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.1997-06-24 SAS data definition statements are now available for this collection, and the SPSS data definition statements were updated. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics.
This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9256 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR09256.v1
  • Schlanger, Margo. How prisoners' rights lawyers are preserving the role of the courts. University of Miami Law Review.2015.
  • Schlanger, Margo. Trends in prisoner litigation, as the PLRA enters adulthood. UC Irvine Law Review.2015.
  • Piehl, Anne M., Schlanger, Margo. Determinants of civil rights filings in federal district court by jail and prison inmates. Journal of Empirical Legal Studies.1, (1), 79-109.2004.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1740-1461.2004.00003.x (DOI)
  • Schlanger, Margo. Inmate litigation. Harvard Law Review.116, (6), 1555-1706.2003.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Bishop, Donna M.. Juvenile offenders in the adult criminal jusstice system. Crime and Justice: A Review of Research.Chicago, IL: University of Chicago. 2000.
  • Liska, Allen E., Markowitz, Fred E., Whaley, Rachel Bridges, Bellair, Paul. Modeling the relationship between the criminal justice and mental health systems. American Journal of Sociology.104, (6), 1744-1775.1999.
    • ID: 10.1086/210222 (DOI)
  • Welch, Michael, Wolff, Russell, Bryan, Nichole. Decontextualizing the war on drugs: A content analysis of NIJ publications and their neglect of race and class. Justice Quarterly.15, (4), 719-742.1998.
    • ID: 10.1080/07418829800093961 (DOI)
  • Wooldredge, John, Gordon, Jill. Predicting the estimated use of alternatives to incarcertion. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.13, (2), 121-142.1997.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF02221305 (DOI)
  • Johnson, W. Wesley. Transcarceration and social control policy: The 1980s and beyond. Crime and Delinquency.42, (1), 114-126.1996.
    • ID: 10.1177/0011128796042001007 (DOI)
  • Welsh, Wayne N.. Counties in Court: Jail Overcrowding and Court-Ordered Reform. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press. 1995.
  • Duncombe, William D., Straussman, Jeffrey D.. Judicial intervention and local spending: The case of local jails. Policy Studies Journal.22, (4), 604-616.1994.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1541-0072.1994.tb01492.x (DOI)
  • Marvell, Thomas B., Moody, Carlisle E., Jr.. Prison population growth and crime reduction. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.10, (2), 109-140.1994.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF02221155 (DOI)
  • Dawson, John M.. Felony Sentencing and Jail Characteristics. NCJ 142523, United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1993.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Duncombe, William D., Straussman, Jeffrey D.. The impact of courts on the decision to expand jail capacity. Administration and Society.25, (3), 267 -1993.
    • ID: 10.1177/009539979302500301 (DOI)
  • Wooldredge, John D.. Research note: Identifying possible sources of inmate crowding in U. S. jails. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.7, (4), 373-387.1991.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF01066589 (DOI)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics (1990): National Jail Census, 1988. Version 2. National Jail Census Series. Version: v2. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.