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Correlates of Crime: A Study of 52 Nations, 1960-1984

Resource Type
Dataset : aggregate data
  • Bennett, Richard R.
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Free Keywords
crime; economic conditions; national economy; nations; offenses; political history; social indicators
  • Abstract

    This collection contains data on crime and on relevant social, economic, and political measures hypothesized to be related to crime for 52 nations over a 25-year period. These time-series data are divided into five substantive areas: offense, offender, and national social, political, and economic data. Nations included in the collection were drawn from seven major regions of the world.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: United States to Kenya Data
    • DS2: Tanzania to Fiji Data
Temporal Coverage
  • 1960 / 1984
    Time period: 1960--1984
  • Collection date: 1988
Geographic Coverage
  • Global
Sampled Universe
All nations in the world.
This is not a random sample, but the 52 nations in the collection were drawn from the seven major regions of the world and represent a wide range of levels of development, types of economy, political environments, and criminal justice system structures. Three criteria for selecting the sample were employed: (1) the nation had to be a member of INTERPOL between the years 1960 and 1984, (2) the nation had to report crime data to the Secretariat of INTERPOL between the years 1960 and 1984, and (3) the nation could skip no more than three of INTERPOL's two-year crime data reporting periods.
2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 5 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 4 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 3 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9258 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR09258.v1
  • Oser, Carrie B., Johnson, J. Aaron. Achievement Orientation Ideology/American Dream and Female Crime: A Cross-National Empirical Examination. Southern Sociological Society. 2000.
  • Hagerty, Michael R.. Testing Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs: National Quality-of-Life Across Time. Social Indicators Research.46, (3), 249-271.1999.
    • ID: 10.1023/A:1006921107298 (DOI)
  • Lee, Matthew R., Shihadeh, Edward S.. Low-skill jobs and crime. Sociology of Crime, Law, and Deviance.Greenwich, CT: Jai Press Inc.. 1998.
  • Lynch, James P., Bennett, Richard R.. Status inequality and property crime: The effects of design, scope and specification. International Criminal Justice Review.7, (1), 1-30.1997.
  • Anderson, Tammy L., Bennett, Richard R.. Development, gender, and crime: The scope of the routine activities approach. Justice Quarterly.13, (1), 31-56.1996.
    • ID: 10.1080/07418829600092811 (DOI)
  • Huang, W.S. Wilson. A cross-national analysis on the effect of moral individualism on murder rates. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology.39, (1), 63-75.1995.
    • ID: 10.1177/0306624X9503900108 (DOI)
  • Bennett, Richard R.. Development and crime: A cross-national time-series analysis of competing models. Sociological Quarterly.32, (3), 343-363.1991.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1533-8525.1991.tb00163.x (DOI)
  • Bennett, Richard R.. Routine Activities: A Cross-National Assessment of a Criminological Perspective. Social Forces.70, (1), 147-163.1991.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Bennett, Richard R., Basiotis, P. Peter. Structural correlates of juvenile property crime: A cross-national, time-series analysis. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency.28, (3), 262-287.1991.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022427891028003002 (DOI)
  • Bennett, Richard R., Lynch, James P.. Does a Difference Make a Difference? Comparing Cross-National Crime Indicators. Criminology.28, (1), 153-182.1990.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.1990.tb01322.x (DOI)
  • Messner, Steven F.. Economic discrimination and societal homicide rates: Further evidence on the cost of inequality. American Sociological Review.54, (4), 597-611.1989.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Bennett, Richard R., Shelley, Louise. Criminalite et developpement economique: Une analyse internationale longitudinale. Annales de Vacresson.22, 13-31.1985.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Bennett, Richard R. (1990): Correlates of Crime: A Study of 52 Nations, 1960-1984. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.