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Delinquency in a Birth Cohort II: Philadelphia, 1958-1988

Version
v0
Resource Type
Dataset : event/transaction data, survey data
Creator
  • Figlio, Robert M.
  • Tracy, Paul E.
  • Wolfgang, Marvin E.
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
1990-03-02
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Language
English
Free Keywords
adult offenders; criminal histories; criminal justice system; delinquent behavior; demographic characteristics; disposition (legal); juvenile offenders; police response; victimization
Description
  • Abstract

    The purpose of this data collection was to follow a birth cohort born in Philadelphia during 1958 with a special focus on delinquent activities as children and as adults. The respondents were first interviewed in DELINQUENCY IN A BIRTH COHORT IN PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA, 1945-1963 (ICPSR 7729). Part 1 offers basic demographic information, such as sex, race, date of birth, church membership, age, and socioeconomic status, on each cohort member. Two files supply offense data: Part 2 pertains to offenses committed while a juvenile and Part 3 details offenses as an adult. Offense-related variables include most serious offense, police disposition, location of crime, reason for police response, complainant's sex, age, and race, type of victimization, date of offense, number of victims, average age of victims, number of victims killed or hospitalized, property loss, weapon involvement, and final court disposition. Part 4, containing follow-up survey interview data collected in 1988, was designed to investigate differences in the experiences and attitudes of individuals with varying degrees of involvement with the juvenile justice system. Variables include individual histories of delinquency, health, household composition, marriage, parent and respondent employment and education, parental contacts with the legal system, and other social and demographic variables.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Standardized missing values.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Demographic Cohort Data
    • DS2: Juvenile Offense Data
    • DS3: Adult Offense Data
    • DS4: Survey of Young Adults: 1958 Philadelphia Birth Cohort Follow-Up
    • DS6: Data Collection Instrument for Birth Cohort Follow-Up Data
    • DS7: SAS Data Definition Statements for Demographic Cohort Data
    • DS8: SAS Data Definition Statements for Juvenile Offense Data
    • DS9: SAS Data Definition Statements for Adult Offense Data
    • DS10: SAS Data Definition Statements for Birth Cohort Follow-Up Data
Temporal Coverage
  • 1958 / 1988
    Time period: 1958--1988
Geographic Coverage
  • Pennsylvania
  • Philadelphia
  • United States
Sampled Universe
All children born in Philadelphia during 1958.
Collection Mode
  • When using the Juvenile Offense file (Part 2), users should exclude from analyses any records of offenses committed when the offender was over 17 years of age. All records included in this file represent police contacts. Only a subset of these cases represent true offenses or violations of the Pennsylvania Crime Code. The variable EVENTYPE distinguishes between true offenses and cases that are police contacts only. The crime code fields can also be used to distinguish true offense charges from charges that represent police contacts only. Police contacts are those designated in the crime code value labels by an asterisk directly following the equal sign. For example, "1001 = COUNTERFEIT" represents a true offense, while "2624 = *RUNAWAY" represents a police contact only. To link the interview data from the survey file with either the juvenile delinquency history or adult criminal history databases, the user should utilize the LINKAGE DATABASE, provided in the Follow-Up Interview machine-readable codebook. A data collection instrument is available only for Part 4, the Follow-Up Interview data.

    Producers: Sellin Center for Studies in Criminology and Criminal Law and National Analysts, Division of Booz-Allen and Hamilton, Inc., Philadelphia, PA, 1990.

Note
2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 5 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 5 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.
Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9293 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR09293.v1
Publications
  • Metcalfe, Christi Falco, Baker, Thomas. The drift from convention to crime: Exploring the relationship between co-offending and intermittency. Criminal Justice and Behavior.41, (1), 75-90.2014.
    • ID: 10.1177/0093854813500775 (DOI)
  • Tracy, Paul E., Carkin, Danielle Marie. Adjusting for design effects in disproportionate stratified sampling through weighting. Crime and Delinquency.60, (2), 306-325.2014.
    • ID: 10.1177/0011128714522114 (DOI)
  • Baker, Thomas, Metcalfe, Christi Falco, Jennings, Wesley G.. What are the odds?: Predicting specialization in offending over the life course. Criminal Justice and Behavior.40, (8), 909-932.2013.
    • ID: 10.1177/0093854812474262 (DOI)
  • Baker, Thomas, Metcalfe, Christi Falco, Piquero, Alex R.. Measuring the intermittency of criminal careers. Crime and Delinquency.208, (8), 1787-1293.2013.
    • ID: 10.1177/0011128712466382 (DOI)
  • Bell, Kerryn E.. Young adult offending: Intersectionality of gender and race. Critical Criminology.21, (1), 103-121.2013.
    • ID: 10.1007/s10612-012-9170-3 (DOI)
  • Abramoske-James, Stephanie. The Effects of Childhood Victimization on Adult Offending: An Extension of the 'Cycle of Violence'. Dissertation, University of Texas at Dallas. 2012.
  • Bouffard, Leana Allen, Piquero, Nicole Leeper. Defiance theory and life course explanations of persistent offending. Crime and Delinquency.52, (2), 227-252.2010.
    • ID: 10.1177/0011128707311642 (DOI)
  • Cohen, Mark A., Piquero, Alex R., Jennings, Wesley G.. Monetary costs of gender and ethnicity disaggregated group-based offending. American Journal of Criminal Justice.35, (3), 159-172.2010.
    • ID: 10.1007/s12103-010-9071-5 (DOI)
  • Cohen, Mark A., Piquero, Alex R., Jennings, Wesley G.. Studying the costs of crime across offender trajectories. Criminology and Public Policy.9, (2), 279-305.2010.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9133.2010.00627.x (DOI)
  • Mocan, H. Naci, Bali, Turan G.. Asymmetric crime cycles. Review of Economics and Statistics.92, (4), 899-911.2010.
    • ID: 10.1162/REST_a_00048 (DOI)
  • Abramoske-James, Stephanie M.. Measuring the Correlates of Juvenile Delinquency: Comparing the Results of OLS and Logit Multivariate Models. Thesis, The University of Texas at Dallas. 2009.
  • Bacon, Sarah, Paternoster, Raymond, Brame, Robert. Understanding the relationship between onset age and subsequent offending during adolescence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence.38, (3), 301-311.2009.
    • ID: 10.1007/s10964-008-9322-7 (DOI)
  • Bell, Kerryn. Juvenile and Young Adult Offending: Influence of Intersections of Gender and Race. . 2009.
  • Bell, Kerryn E.. Gender, Race, Intersections of Gender and Race, and Changes in Criminal Offending Across Time. Dissertation, The Ohio State University. 2009.
  • Cohen, Mark A., Piquero, Alex R.. New evidence on the monetary value of saving a high risk youth. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.25, (1), 25-49.2009.
    • ID: 10.1007/s10940-008-9057-3 (DOI)
  • Zimring, Franklin E., Jennings, Wesley G., Piquero, Alex R., Hayes, Stephanie. Investigating the continuity of sex offending: Evidence from the second Philadelphia Birth Cohort. Justice Quarterly.26, (1), 58-76.2009.
    • ID: 10.1080/07418820801989734 (DOI)
  • Bell, Kerryn. Changes in Offending Over Time: Intersections of Gender and Race. . 2008.
  • Coleman, Shareda. The Impact of Parental Criminality on Individual Delinquency. . 2008.
  • Kreuter, Frauke, Muthen, Bengt. Analyzing criminal trajectory profiles: Bridging multilevel and group-based approaches using growth mixture models. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.24, (1), 1-31.2008.
    • ID: 10.1007/s10940-007-9036-0 (DOI)
  • Piquero, Alex R.. Taking stock of developmental trajectories of criminal activity over the life course. The Long View of Crime: A Synthesis of Longitudinal Research.New York, NY: Springer. 2008.
  • Sickles, Robin C., Williams, Jenny. Turning from crime: A dynamic perspective. Journal of Econometrics.145, (1-2), 158-173.2008.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jeconom.2008.05.014 (DOI)
  • Miller, Kirk. Traversing the spatial divide? Gender, place and delinquency. Feminist Criminology.2, (3), 202-222.2007.
    • ID: 10.1177/1557085107301734 (DOI)
  • Kurlychek, Megan C., Brame, Robert, Bushway, Shawn D.. Scarlet letters and recidivism: Does an old criminal record predict future offending?. Criminology and Public Policy.5, (3), 483-504.2006.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9133.2006.00397.x (DOI)
  • Loughran, Tom, Nagin, Daniel S.. Finite sample effects in group-based trajectory models. Sociological Methods and Research.35, (2), 250-278.2006.
    • ID: 10.1177/0049124106292292 (DOI)
  • Pogarsky, Greg. Criminal records, employment, and recidivism: Editorial introduction. Criminology and Public Policy.5, (3), 479-482.2006.
  • Sickles, Robin C., Williams, Jenny. An intertemporal model of rational criminal choice. Panel Data Econometrics: Theoretical Contributions and Empirical Applications.Oxford, UK: Elsevier. 2006.
    • ID: 10.1016/S0573-8555(06)74006-8 (DOI)
  • Imai, Susumu, Krishna, Kala. Employment, deterrence, and crime in a dynamic model. International Economic Review.45, (3), 845-872.2004.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.0020-6598.2004.00289.x (DOI)
  • Kalb, Guyonne, Williams, Jenny. Delinquency and gender. Applied Economics Letters.10, (7), 425-429.2003.
    • ID: 10.1080/0003684032000066822 (DOI)
  • D'Unger, Amy V., Land, Kenneth C., McCall, Patricia L.. Sex differences in age patterns of delinquent/criminal careers: Results from Poisson latent class analyses of the Philadelphia cohort study. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.18, (4), 349-375.2002.
    • ID: 10.1023/A:1021117626767 (DOI)
  • Eggleston, Elaine P., Laub, John H.. The onset of adult offending: A neglected dimension of the criminal career. Journal of Criminal Justice.30, (6), 603-622.2002.
    • ID: 10.1016/S0047-2352(02)00193-9 (DOI)
  • Kalb, Guyonne, Williams, Jenny. The Relationship between Juvenile and Adult Crime. Melbourne Institute Working Paper.4/02, Victoria, Australia: University of Melbourne, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research. 2002.
  • Williams, Jenny, Sickles, Robin C.. An Analysis of the Crime as Work Model: Evidence from the 1958 Philadelphia Birth Cohort Study. Journal of Human Resources.37, (3), 479-509.2002.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3069679 (URL)
  • Kempf-Leonard, Kimberly, Tracy, Paul E., Howell, James C.. Serious, violent, and chronic juvenile offenders: The relationship of delinquency career types to adult criminality. Justice Quarterly.18, (3), 449-478.2001.
    • ID: 10.1080/07418820100094981 (DOI)
  • Mazarolle, Paul, Brame, Robert, Paternoster, Ray, Piquero, Alex, Dean, Charles. Onset age, persistence, and offending versatility: Comparisons across gender. Criminology.38, (4), 1143-1172.2000.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.2000.tb01417.x (DOI)
  • Bushway, Shawn, Brame, Robert, Paternoster, Raymond. Assessing stability and change in criminal offending: A comparison of random effects, semiparametric, and fixed effects modeling strategies. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.15, (1), 23-61.1999.
    • ID: 10.1023/A:1007528109907 (DOI)
  • Piquero, Alex, Paternoster, Raymond, Mazerolle, Paul, Brame, Robert, Dean, Charles W.. Onset age and offense specialization. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency.36, (3), 275-299.1999.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022427899036003002 (DOI)
  • Farrington, David P.. Predictors, causes, and correlates of male youth violence. Crime and Justice.24, 421-475.1998.
    • ID: 10.1086/449284 (DOI)
  • Jones, Marshall B.. Behavioral contagion and official delinquency: Epidemic course in adolescence. Biodemography and Social Biology.45, (1-2), 134-142.1998.
    • ID: 10.1080/19485565.1998.9988968 (DOI)
  • Sealock, Miriam D., Simpson, Sally S.. Unraveling bias in arrest decisions: The role of juvenile offender type-scripts. Justice Quarterly.15, (3), 427-457.1998.
    • ID: 10.1080/07418829800093831 (DOI)
  • Williams, Jenny. Property Crime: Just a Risky Occupation? Exploring the Issue with a Birth Cohort. Working Paper 98-14.98-14, Adelaide, South Australia: University of Adelaide. 1998.
    • ID: http://www.economics.adelaide.edu.au/research/papers/doc/wp1998-14.pdf (URL)
  • Tontodonato, Pamela. Group Offending and Criminal Careers: Violence Among Juvenile Delinquents and Adult Offenders. Final Report (revised).NCJ 205446, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1996.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/172228NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • Tracy, Paul E., Kempf-Leonard, Kimberly. Continuity and Discontinuity in Criminal Careers. New York, NY: Plenum. 1996.
  • Wolfgang, Marvin E.. Transitions of crime in the aging process. Current Perspectives on Aging and Life Cycle.4, 141-153.1995.
  • Kempf, Kimberly L.. Career criminals in the 1958 Philadelphia birth cohort: A followup of the early adult years. Criminal Justice Review.15, (2), 151-172.1990.
    • ID: 10.1177/073401689001500202 (DOI)
  • Rowe, David C., Osgood, D. Wayne, Nicewander, W. Alan. A Latent Trait Approach to Unifying Criminal Careers. Criminology.28, (2), 237-270.1990.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.1990.tb01325.x (DOI)
  • Tracy, Paul E., Wolfgang, Marvin E., Figlio, Robert E.. Delinquency Careers in Two Birth Cohorts. New York: Plenum. 1990.
  • Kempf, Kimberly L.. Delinquency: Do dropouts drop back in?. Youth and Society.20, (3), 269-289.1989.
    • ID: 10.1177/0044118X89020003003 (DOI)
  • Morash, Merry, Rucker, Lila. An exploratory study of the connection of mother's age at childbearing to her children's delinquency in four data sets. Crime and Delinquency.35, (1), 45-93.1989.
    • ID: 10.1177/0011128789035001004 (DOI)
  • Fox, James Alan, Tracy, Paul E.. A measure of skewness in offense distributions. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.4, (3), 259-274.1988.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF01072453 (DOI)
  • Kempf, Kimberly L.. Crime severity and criminal career progression. Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology.79, (2), 524-540.1988.
  • Loftin, Colin, McDowall, David. The analysis of case-control studies in criminology. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.4, (1), 85-98.1988.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF01066886 (DOI)
  • Tontodonato, Pamela. Explaining Rate Changes in Delinquent Arrest Transitions Using Event History Analysis. Criminology.26, (3), 439-459.1988.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.1988.tb00850.x (DOI)
  • Kempf, Kimberley L.. Specialization and the Criminal Career. Criminology.25, (2), 399-420.1987.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.1987.tb00803.x (DOI)
  • Otten, Laura Ann. A Comparison of Male and Female Delinquency in a Birth Cohort. Dissertation, University of Pennsylvania. 1985.
  • Piper, Elizabeth S.. Violent recidivism and chronicity in the 1958 Philadelphia cohort. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.1, (4), 319-344.1985.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF01064185 (DOI)
  • Facella, Carol Ann. Female Delinquency in a Birth Cohort. Dissertation, University of Pennsylvania. 1983.
  • Wolfgang, Marvin E.. Delinquency in two birth cohorts. American Behavioral Scientist.27, (1), 75-86.1983.
    • ID: 10.1177/000276483027001005 (DOI)
  • Wolfgang, Marvin E., Tracy, Paul E.. The 1945 and 1958 Birth Cohorts: A Comparison of the Prevalence, Incidence, and Severity of Delinquent Behavior. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania, Center for Studies in Criminology and Criminal Law. 1982.
  • Zimring, Franklin E.. American Youth Violence: Issues and Trends. Crime and Justice: A Review of Research.Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. 1979.
  • Kalb, Guyonne, Williams, Jenny. From Juvenile to Adult Offender: An Investigation into the Determinants of Juvenile Arrests and the Relationship between Juvenile and Adult Arrests. . .
    • ID: http://www.econometricsociety.org/meetings/am01/content/presented/papers/kalb.pdf (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 10 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Figlio, Robert M.; Tracy, Paul E.; Wolfgang, Marvin E. (1990): Delinquency in a Birth Cohort II: Philadelphia, 1958-1988. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09293