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Campaign Expenditures in the United States, 1987-1988: Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) Data

Resource Type
Dataset : event/transaction data
  • Federal Election Commission
Other Title
  • Version 2 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Campaign Expenditures in the United States Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
candidates; campaign contributions; campaign expenditures; campaign finance law; campaign funds; congressional elections (US House); congressional elections (US Senate); legislators; political elites; political organizations; political parties; United States House of Representatives; United States Senate
  • Abstract

    These data are made available by the Federal Election Commission (FEC) through the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) and are taken directly from campaign finance reports filed by candidates, political committees, and others required to file under the federal election laws. The files are essentially copies of the FEC's on-line computer files for the 1987-1988 election cycle. The Candidate Master File (Part 1) contains a record for each registered candidate for federal office. It includes the candidate's name, address, party affiliation, incumbent/challenger status, identification number of the principal campaign committee, office sought, and election year. The Committee Master File (Part 2) contains a record for each registered committee for federal office. Information provided includes the committee's identification number, name, address, treasurer's name, committee designation and type, party affiliation, report filing frequency, special interest group category and connected organization's name, and multicandidate committee status. The Detailed Report File (Part 3) contains one record for each separate reporting period for each FEC committee and, as such, is the source for longitudinal information about committee financial activity during the 1987-1988 election cycle. Information presented in the file includes the political committee identification number, the report year and type, the time period covered by the report, total receipts and disbursements, beginning and end cash balances, debts owed by and to the committee, individual, political, and candidate contributions, transfers from affiliated committees, loans received and payments made, and refunds. The Itemized PAC Contribution File (Part 4) contains one record for each type of contributor for each reporting period. Information included in this file covers the type and year of the report, the time period covered by the report, total contributions, net contributions, total contribution refunds, net operating expenditures, cash on hand, debts and obligations owed by the committee, debts and obligations owed to the committee, contributions from individuals and loans made, or guaranteed by the candidate.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Candidate Master Data
    • DS2: Committee Master Data
    • DS3: Detailed Report Data
    • DS4: Itemized PAC Contribution File
Temporal Coverage
  • 1987-01-01 / 1988-12-31
    Time period: 1987-01-01--1988-12-31
  • 1987-01-01 / 1989-11-30
    Collection date: 1987-01-01--1989-11-30
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
(1) All candidates for federal office registered with the FEC under the Federal Election Campaign Act (FECA). (2) All political committees, unauthorized delegate filers, independent expenditure filers, and communications cost filers registered. (3) All transactions and reports occurring during the 1987-1988 election cycle.
Collection Mode
  • The records in Parts 3 and 4 are derived from original filings and incorporate changes from amendments to reports received by the FEC prior to December 1989. The Candidate and Committee Master Files (Parts 1 and 2) are FEC reference files, and are needed to find the name of each committee or candidate associated with the identification numbers that appear in Part 3.

2006-01-18 File CB9314.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.
This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9314 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR09314.v1
  • Taylor, Davis F.. The relationship between firm investments in technological innovation and political action. Southern Economic Journal.63, (4), 888-903.1997.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Gaddie, Ronald Keith, Bullock, Charles S., III. Congressional Elections and the Year of the Woman: Structural and Elite Influences on Female Candidates. Social Science Quarterly.76, (4), 749-762.1995.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Federal Election Commission (1990): Campaign Expenditures in the United States, 1987-1988: Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) Data. Version 2. Campaign Expenditures in the United States Series. Version: v2. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.