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Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) 1986 Panel

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census
Other Title
  • Version 2 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
child care; child support; demographic characteristics; educational background; economic conditions; energy consumption; families; financial assets; government programs; health insurance; health services utilization; health status; higher education; household composition; households; income; income distribution; investments; job history; labor force; participation; poverty programs; public assistance programs; public housing; unearned income; wages and salaries; wealth; welfare services
  • Abstract

    This data collection is part of a longitudinal survey designed to provide detailed information on the economic situation of households and persons in the United States. These data examine the distribution of income, wealth, and poverty in American society and gauge the effects of federal and state programs on the well-being of families and individuals. There are three basic elements contained in the survey. The first is a control card that records basic social and demographic characteristics for each person in a household, as well as changes in such characteristics over the course of the interviewing period. The second element is the core portion of the questionnaire, with questions repeated at each interview on labor force activity, types and amounts of income, participation in various cash and noncash benefit programs, attendance in postsecondary schools, private health insurance coverage, public or subsidized rental housing, low-income energy assistance, and school breakfast and lunch participation. The third element consists of topical modules, which are series of supplemental questions asked during selected household visits. A topical module was not created for the first wave of the 1986 panel. The topical module for Wave II is considered a Personal History topical module. It includes data on fertility, marital status, migration, recipiency of transfer payments, employment, work disability, and education and training history. Data on family background and household relationships are also provided. Wave III topical module concerns child care arrangements, child support agreements, support for nonhousehold members, job offers, health status and utilization of health care services, long-term care, and disability status of children. Wave IV topical module includes data on assets and liabilities, real estate property and vehicles, retirement expectations and pension plans. The topical module for Wave V includes questions on educational financing and enrollment. Wave VI topical module covers child care arrangements, child support agreements, support for nonhousehold members, work related expenses, housing costs, and energy usage. Wave VII topical module covers assets and liabilities.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Wave I Rectangular Data
    • DS2: Data Dictionary for Wave I Rectangular File
    • DS3: Wave II Rectangular Core and Topical Module Data
    • DS4: Data Dictionary for Wave II Rectangular Core and Topical Module File
    • DS5: Wave III Rectangular Core and Topical Module Data
    • DS6: Data Dictionary for Wave III Rectangular Core and Topical Module File
    • DS7: Wave IV Rectangular Core and Topical Module Data
    • DS8: Data Dictionary for Wave IV Rectangular Core and Topical Module File
    • DS9: Wave V Rectangular Core and Topical Module Data
    • DS10: Data Dictionary for Wave V Rectangular Core and Topical Module File
    • DS11: Wave VI Rectangular Core and Topical Module Data
    • DS12: Data Dictionary for Wave VI Rectangular Core and Topical Module File
    • DS13: Wave VII Rectangular Core and Topical Module Data
    • DS14: Data Dictionary for Wave VII Rectangular Core and Topical Module File
    • DS15: Frequencies, Wave I
    • DS16: Frequencies, Wave II
    • DS17: Frequencies, Wave III
    • DS18: Frequencies, Wave IV
    • DS19: Frequencies, Wave V
    • DS20: Frequencies, Wave VI
    • DS21: Frequencies, Wave VII
    • DS22: Wave 5 Core and Topical Module Microdata Research File
    • DS24: User Guide
Temporal Coverage
  • 1986-10 / 1988-03
    Time period: 1986-10--1988-03
  • 1986-02 / 1988-04
    Collection date: 1986-02--1988-04
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Resident population of the United States, excluding persons living in institutions and military barracks.
A multistage stratified sampling design was used. The 1986 panel consisted of 11,513 households. One-fourth of these households were interviewed each month, and households were reinterviewed at four-month intervals. All persons at least 15 years old who were present as household members at the time of the first interview were included for the entire study, except those who joined the military, were institutionalized for the entire study period, or moved from the United States. Original household members who moved during the study period were followed to their new residences and interviewed there. New persons moving into households of members of the original sample also were included in the survey, but were not followed if they left the household of an original sample person.
2008-06-02 The Wave 5 Core and Topical Module Microdata Research File and PDF codebook for this file have been added to the study.
This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9319 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR09319.v1
  • Washington, Ebonya. The impact of banking and fringe banking regulation on the number of unbanked Americans. Journal of Human Resources.41, (1), 106-137.2006.
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  • Ham, John C., Shore-Sheppard, Lara. The effect of Medicaid expansions for low-income children on Medicaid participation and private insurance coverage: Evidence from the SIPP. Journal of Public Economics.89, (1), 57-83.2005.
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  • Grogger, Jeffrey. Welfare transitions in the 1990s: The economy, Welfare policy, and the EITC. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management.23, (4), 671-695.2004.
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  • Carney, Stacie, Gale, William G.. Asset accumulation among low-income households. Assets for the Poor: The Benefits of Spreading Asset Ownership.New York, NY: Russell Sage. 2001.
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  • Anonymous. Pricis: Unemployment and wealth. Monthly Labor Review.123, (2), 47 -2000.
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  • Bartfeld, Judi. Child support and the postdivorce economic well-being of mothers, fathers, and children. Demography.37, (2), 203-213.2000.
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  • Cullen, Julie Berry, Gruber, Jonathan. Does unemployment insurance crowd out spousal labor supply?. Journal of Labor Economics.18, (3), 546 -2000.
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  • Freedman, Vicki A., Martin, Linda G.. The role of education in explaining and forecasting trends in functional limitations among older Americans. Demography.36, (4), 461-473.1999.
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  • Bansak, Cynthia, Raphael, Steven. Have Employment Relationships in the United States Become Less Stable? Working Paper. 98/15, San Diego, CA: University of California, San Diego, Department of Economics. 1998.
  • Freeman, Richard B., Waldfogel, Jane. Dunning Delinquent Dads: The Effects of Child Support Enforcement Policy on Child Support Receipts by Never Married Women. NBER Working Paper Series.6664, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 1998.
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  • Hauser, Robert M.. Intergenerational Economic Mobility in the United States: Measures, Differentials, and Trends. CDE Working Paper 98-12.Madison, WI: Center for Demography and Ecology. 1998.
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  • Hauser, Robert M., Kuo, Hsiang-Hui Daphne. Does the gender composition of sibships affect women's educational attainment?. Journal of Human Resources.33, (3), 644-657.1998.
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  • Warren, John Robert, Sheridan, Jennifer T., Hauser, Robert M.. Choosing a measure of occupational standing: How useful are composite measures in analysis of gender inequality in occupational attainment?. Sociological Methods and Research.27, (1), 3-76.1998.
    • ID: 10.1177/0049124198027001001 (DOI)
  • Brandon, P.D.. Social policy and the redistribution of preschool-aged children. Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America.Washington, DC. 1997.
  • DeBell, Megan, Yi, Hsiao-Ye, Hartmann, Heidi. Single Mothers, Jobs and Welfare: What the Data Tell Us. Research in Brief.Washington, DC: Institute for Women's Policy Research. 1997.
  • Hauser, Robert M., Kuo, Hsiang-Hui Daphne. Does the Gender Composition of Sibships Affect Educational Attainment?. CDE Working Paper 95-06.Madison, WI: Center for Demography and Ecology. 1997.
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  • Hill, Daniel H.. Adjusting for attrition in event-history analysis. Sociological Methodology.27, 393-416.1997.
    • ID: 10.1111/1467-9531.271032 (DOI)
  • Iams, Howard M., Sandell, Steven H.. Projecting Social Security earnings: Past is prologue. Social Security Bulletin.60, (2), 3-16.1997.
  • Jacobsen, Joyce P., Levin, Laurence M.. Marriage and migration: Comparing gains and losses from migration for couples and singles. Social Science Quarterly.78, (3), 688-709.1997.
  • Jacobson, Joyce P., Levin, Laurence M.. Marriage and Migration: Comparing Gains and Losses from Migration for Couples and Singles. Social Science Quarterly.78, (3), 688-709.1997.
  • Blank, Rebecca M., Ruggles, Patricia. When do women use Aid to Families with Dependent Children and food stamps? The dynamics of eligibility versus participation. Journal of Human Resources.31, (1), 57 -1996.
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  • Brandon, Peter D.. Modeling Living Arrangements and Welfare Participation Choices among Single Mothers. CDE Working Paper 95-27.Madison, WI: Center for Demography and Ecology. 1996.
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  • Carter, Wendy Y.. The Effects of Changing Family Structures on Higher Education for Black and White American Cohorts: 1908-1969. CDE Working Paper 96-22.Madison, WI: Center for Demography and Ecology. 1996.
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  • Ettner, Susan L.. New evidence on the relationship between income and health. Journal of Health Economics.15, (1), 67 -1996.
    • ID: 10.1016/0167-6296(95)00032-1 (DOI)
  • Hauser, Robert M., Warren, John Robert, Huang, Min-Hsing, Carter, Wendy Y.. Occupational Status, Education, and Social Mobility in the Meritocracy. CDE Working Paper 96-18.Madison, WI: Center for Demography and Ecology. 1996.
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  • Land, Kenneth C., Russell, Stephen T.. Wealth accumulation across the adult life course: Stability and change in sociodemographic covariate structures of net worth data in the Survey of Income and Program Participation, 1984-1991. Social Science Research.25, (4), 423-462.1996.
    • ID: 10.1006/ssre.1996.0019 (DOI)
  • London, Rebecca A.. The difference between divorced and never-married mothers' participation in the Aid to Families with Dependent Children program. Journal of Family Issues.17, (2), 170 -1996.
    • ID: 10.1177/019251396017002002 (DOI)
  • Marquis, M. Susan, Long, Stephen H.. Reconsidering the effect of Medicaid on health care services use. Health Services Research.30, (6), 791-808.1996.
  • Spain, Daphne, Bianchi, Suzanne M.. Balancing Act: Motherhood, Marriage, and Employment Among American Women. New York: Russell Sage. 1996.
  • Venti, Steven, Wise, David. The Wealth of Cohorts: Retirement Saving and the Changing Assets of Older Americans. NBER Working Paper Series.5609, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 1996.
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  • Warren, John Robert, Sheridan, Jennifer, Hauser, Robert M.. Choosing a Measure of Occupational Standing: How Useful are Composite Measures in Analyses of Gender Inequality in Occupational Attainment?. CDE Working Paper 96-10.Madison, WI: Center for Demography and Ecology. 1996.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Brandon, Peter D.. An Empirical Analysis of AFDC Exits, Employment, and State-Level Minimum Wages. CDE Working Paper 95-24.Madison, WI: Center for Demography and Ecology. 1995.
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  • Brandon, Peter D.. Jobs Taken by Mothers Moving from Welfare to Work and the Effects of Minimum Wages on This Transition. . 1995.
  • Dodge, Hiroko H.. Movements out of poverty among elderly widows. Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences.50, (Bn4), S240 -1995.
  • Ettner, Susan L.. The impact of 'parent care' on female labor supply decisions. Demography.32, (1), 63-80.1995.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Hsueh, Sheri, Tienda, Marta. Earnings consequences of employment instability among minority men. Research in Social Stratification and Mobility.14, 39-69.1995.
  • Blank, Rebecca M., Ruggles, Patricia. Short-term recidivism among public-assistance recipients. American Economic Review.84, (2), 49 -1994.
  • Dortch, Shannon. The gold in Grandma's house. American Demographics.16, (4), 9 -1994.
  • Gruber, Jonathan, Madrian, Brigitte C.. Health insurance and job mobility: The effects of public policy on job-lock. Industrial and Labor Relations Review.48, (1), 86 -1994.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Karoly, Lynn A., Rogowski, Jeannette A.. The effect of access to post-retirement health insurance on the decision to retire early. Industrial and Labor Relations Review.48, (103), 123 -1994.
  • Long, Stephen H., Marquis, M. Susan. The uninsured 'access gap' and the cost of universal coverage. Health Affairs.13, (2), 211 -1994.
    • ID: 10.1377/hlthaff.13.2.211 (DOI)
  • Spalter-Roth, Roberta M., Hartmann, Heidi I.. The Clinton Round: An Analysis of the Impact of Current Proposals to 'Free' Single Mothers from Welfare Dependence. American Sociological Association. 1994.
  • Zemsky, Robert, Shapiro, Daniel. On Measuring a Mirage: Why U.S. Training Numbers Don't Add Up. EQW Working Papers.WP 20, Philsdelphia, PA: National Center on the Educational Quality of the Workforce. 1994.
  • Gruber, Jonathan, Madrian, Brigitte. Health Insurance and Early Retirement: Evidence from the Availability of Continuation Coverage. NBER Working Paper Series.4594, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 1993.
  • Madrian, Brigitte. Post-Retirement Health Insurance and the Decision to Retire. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Unpublished paper. 1993.
  • Piskulich, C. Michelle. Toward a Comprehensive Model of Welfare Exits: The Case of AFDC. American Journal of Political Science.37, (1), 165-185.1993.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Rao Sahib, Padmavathi. Offer Heterogeneity in the Standard Job Search Model: New Implications for Post-Unemployment Wages and the Duration of Unemployment. Dissertation, Cornell University. 1993.
  • Speare, A., Jr., Avery, R.. Who helps whom in older parent-child families. Journal of Gerontology.48, (2), S64-S73.1993.
  • Connelly, Rachel. The future of SIPP for analyzing child care and child support. Journal of Economic and Social Measurement.18, (1-4), 213-230.1992.
  • Jensen, G.A.. The dynamics of health insurance among the near elderly. Medical Care.30, (7), 598-614.1992.
    • ID: 10.1097/00005650-199207000-00003 (DOI)
  • Moffitt, Robert, Wolfe, Barbara. The effect of the Medicaid program on welfare participation and labor supply. Review of Economics and Statistics.74, (4), 615 -1992.
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  • Ettner, Susan Louise. Long-Term Care for the Elderly: An Analysis of Several Policy Issues. Dissertation, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. 1991.
  • Moffitt, Robert, Wolfe, Barbara. The Effect of the Medicaid Program on Welfare Participation and Labor Supply. NBER Working Paper Series.3286, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 1990.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census (1990): Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) 1986 Panel. Version 2. Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) Series. Version: v2. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.