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Comparative Project on Class Structure and Class Consciousness: Core and Country-Specific Files

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Wright, Erik Olin, et al.
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • National Science Foundation
Free Keywords
authority; class consciousness; education; family background; gender roles; income; job history; occupational status; political attitudes; political participation; property; social attitudes; social classes; social inequality; social stratification; social structure; workers
  • Abstract

    This data collection was designed to provide systematic data for analyzing class structure. The central objective of the survey was to develop rigorous measures of the relational dimensions of social inequality (particularly relations of authority, autonomy, and property) to complement data on the gradational dimensions of social inequality (e.g., income, education, and occupational status). In order to explore the macro-properties of class structures and their effects via comparative analysis, the survey was replicated in a number of countries in addition to the United States. This collection presents data for ten countries: the United States (1980), Sweden (1980), Finland (1981), Norway (1982), Canada (1982), Great Britain (1984), West Germany (1985), Denmark (1985), Australia (1986), and Japan (1987). Seven general topic areas are covered: class relations, other aspects of social structural location, organizational context, class biography and class experience, the sexual division of labor in the home, social and political attitudes, and political participation. Questions addressing the respondent's location within class relations cover work-related issues such as supervision, decision-making, autonomy, respondent's location within the organizational hierarchy of the work place, ownership, labor-market position, and income. Information on other aspects of social structural location includes occupation, industry, geographical location, sex, race, and ethnicity of respondents. Among the measures of organizational context are size of employing organization, linkages to the state sector, linkages to larger corporations, and industrial sector. Under the topics of class biography and class experience, information is provided concerning class origins and job histories of the respondent, his or her parents, spouse, and closest friends, and class-relevant experiences such as unemployment, union membership, and participation in a strike.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Core and Equivalent Variables - All Countries
    • DS2: Sweden Specific Variables
    • DS3: Norway Specific Variables
    • DS4: Canada Specific Variables
    • DS5: Britain Specific Variables
    • DS6: Australia Specific Variables
    • DS7: West Germany Specific Variables
    • DS8: Japan Specific Variables
    • DS9: Denmark Specific Variables
    • DS10: User's Guide, Vol. I - Introduction, Project Description, and Master Variable List
    • DS11: User's Guide, Vol. II - Supplementary Codes
    • DS12: User's Guide, Vol. III - Appendices
    • DS13: User's Guide, Volume IV -- Original Questionnaires
Temporal Coverage
  • 1980 / 1987
    Time period: 1980--1987
  • 1980 / 1987
    Collection date: 1980--1987
Geographic Coverage
  • Australia
  • Canada
  • Denmark
  • Finland
  • Germany
  • Great Britain
  • Japan
  • Norway
  • Sweden
  • United States
  • Global
Sampled Universe
United States: Adults 18 years and older either working, not working but wanting to work, or housewives with working spouses. Sweden: Adults aged 18-65 in the work force. Norway: People aged 16-66 either employed, unemployed, or housewives. Canada: Non-institutionalized, non-disabled adult population aged 18 or older either employed, unemployed, or housewives. Finland: Adult population aged 18-65 either employed, unemployed, or housewives. Britain: People aged 16-64 who were not in full-time education. Australia: Employed adults aged 18 or older. West Germany: Adults aged 18-72 in the labor force as either employed or unemployed. Denmark: People aged 15 years or older. Japan: Unknown.
United States: Two-stage cluster sample of telephone numbers in the coterminous United States. Sweden: Random sample drawn from National Register of the Population. Norway: Stratified random sample. Canada: Four-stage replicated probability sample. Finland: Stratified random sample from the population register. Britain: Three-stage stratified random sample. Australia: random sample from the 1981 Australian Census. West Germany: three-stage cluster sample. Denmark: Stratified random sample. Japan: unknown.
Collection Mode
  • The data are organized in three logical sections: core variables, equivalent variables, and country-specific variables. Core variables represent those originally fielded in the United States, most of which were fielded in the other nine countries as well. Equivalent variables represent those questions that yielded similar but not identical responses across countries, for example education variables. The core and equivalent variables for all countries are presented in one merged data file (Part 1). Users should note that equivalent variables also will be found in the appropriate country-specific data file (Parts 2-9). Country-specific variables represent questions fielded in eight of the ten countries that were not included in the core set of variables. No country-specific variables are provided for the United States or Finland. This collection is a continuation of ICPSR 8413 (CLASS STRUCTURE AND CLASS CONSCIOUSNESS: MERGED MULTI-NATION FILE), which provided data for five countries in one merged data file.

Funding insitution(s): National Science Foundation (SES-8208238, SES-7812189, and SES-8318586.).
This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9323 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Collom, Ed. Social inequality and the politics of production: Identifying potential supporters of economic democracy. Sociological Forum.16, (3), 471-501.2001.
    • ID: 10.1023/A:1011952531110 (DOI)
  • Jones, Andrew W.. Caring labor and class consciousness: The class dynamics of gendered work. Sociological Forum.16, (2), 281-299.2001.
    • ID: 10.1023/A:1011004818649 (DOI)
  • Arrighi, Barbara A., Maume, David J., Jr.. Workplace subordination and men's avoidance of housework. Journal of Family Issues.21, (4), 464-487.2000.
    • ID: 10.1177/019251300021004003 (DOI)
  • Dobbin, Frank, Boychuk, Terry. National employment systems and job autonomy: Why job autonomy is high in the nordic countries and low in the United States, Canada, and Australia. Organization Studies.20, (2), 257-291.1999.
    • ID: 10.1177/0170840699202004 (DOI)
  • Khazzoom, Aziza. The impact of mothers' occupations on children's occupational destinations. Research in Social Stratification and Mobility.15, 57-89.1997.
  • Wright, Erik Olin. Class Counts: Comparative Studies in Class Analysis. Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press. 1997.
  • Blau, Francine D., Kahn, Lawrence M.. International differences in male wage inequality: Institutions versus market forces. Journal of Political Economy.104, (4), 791-837.1996.
    • ID: 10.1086/262043 (DOI)
  • Kingston, Paul W.. The implications of intergenerational class mobility for class theory: A comment on Western. Social Forces.75, (1), 323-327.1996.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Schooler, Carmi. Cultural and social-structural explanations of cross-national psychological differences. Annual Review of Sociology.22, 323-349.1996.
    • ID: 10.1146/annurev.soc.22.1.323 (DOI)
  • Western, Mark. Intergenerational Mobility and Class Theory: A Reply to Kingston. Social Forces.75, (1), 329-334.1996.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Baxter, Janeen, Kane, Emily W.. Dependence and independence: A cross-national analysis of gender inequality and gender attitudes. Gender and Society.9, (2), 193-215.1995.
    • ID: 10.1177/089124395009002004 (DOI)
  • Rosenfeld, Rachel A., Birkelund, Gunn Elisabeth. Women's part-time work: A cross-national comparison. European Sociological Review.11, (2), 111-134.1995.
  • Saporta, Ishak, Lincoln, Bryan. Managers' and workers' attitudes toward unions in the U.S. and Canada. Relations Industrielles (Industrial Relations).50, (3), 550 -1995.
  • Baxter, Janeen. Is husband's class enough? Class location and class identity in the United States, Sweden, Norway, and Australia. American Sociological Review.59, (2), 220-235.1994.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Western, Bruce. Institutional mechanisms for unionization in sixteen OECD countries: An analysis of social survey data. Social Forces.73, (2), 497-519.1994.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Western, Mark. Class Structure and Intergenerational Class Mobility: A Comparative Analysis of Nation and Gender. Social Forces.73, (1), 101-134.1994.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Western, Mark, Wright, Erik Olin. The Permeability of Class Boundaries to Intergenerational Mobility Among Men in the United States, Canada, Norway and Sweden. American Sociological Review.59, (4), 606-629.1994.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Leight, Kevin T., Wallace, Michael, Grant, Don Sherman, II. Union Presence, Class, and Individual Earnings Inequality. Work and Occupations.20, (4), 429-451.1993.
    • ID: 10.1177/0730888493020004002 (DOI)
  • Hachen, David S., Jr.. Industrial characteristics and job mobility rates. American Sociological Review.57, (1), 39-55.1992.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Singelmann, Joachim, Mencken, F. Carson. Job Autonomy and Industrial Sector in Five Advanced Industrial Countries. Social Science Quarterly.73, (4), 829-843.1992.
  • Watson, D.. Correcting for acquiescent response bias in the absence of a balanced scale-an application to class-consciousness. Sociological Methods and Research.21, (1), 52-88.1992.
    • ID: 10.1177/0049124192021001003 (DOI)
  • Wong, Raymond Sin-Kwok. Vertical and Nonvertical Effects in Class Mobility: Cross-National Variations. American Sociological Review.57, (3), 396-410.1992.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Baer, Doug, Grabb, Edward, Johnston, William A.. The Values of Canadians and Americans: A Critical Analysis and Reassessment. Social Forces.68, (3), 693-713.1990.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Jaffee, David. Gender Inequality in Workplace Autonomy and Authority. Social Science Quarterly.70, (2), 375-390.1989.
  • Marshall, Gordon. Classes in Britain: Marxist and official. European Sociological Review.4, (2), 141-154.1988.
  • Wright, Erik Olin, Martin, Bill. The transformation of the American class structure, 1960-1980. American Journal of Sociology.93, (1), 1-29.1987.
    • ID: 10.1086/228704 (DOI)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Wright, Erik Olin, et al. (1990): Comparative Project on Class Structure and Class Consciousness: Core and Country-Specific Files. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.