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Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) 1984 Full Panel Research File

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
demographic characteristics; economic conditions; families; financial assets; government programs; households; income; income distribution; labor force; participation; poverty programs; public assistance programs; unearned income; unemployment; wages and salaries; wealth; welfare services; working hours
  • Abstract

    This dataset contains basic demographic, social, and economic data for each member of interviewed households in the first eight waves of the 1984 Panel of SIPP. Variables include age, sex, race, ethnic origin, marital status, household relationship, education, and veteran status. Limited data are provided on housing unit characteristics such as number of units in structure and tenure. Core questions, repeated at each interview, include monthly labor force activity, types and amounts of monthly income, and participation in various cash and noncash benefits programs for each month of the survey period. Data for employed persons include number of hours and weeks worked, earnings, and weeks without a job. Nonworkers are classified as unemployed or not in the labor force. In addition to income data associated with labor force activity, nearly 50 other types of income data are provided. Several variables are included for use in identifying longitudinal households and persons in them and to aid in analysis.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Data
    • DS2: Data Dictionary
Temporal Coverage
  • 1983-06 / 1986-04
    Time period: 1983-06--1986-04
  • 1983-10 / 1986-05
    Collection date: 1983-10--1986-05
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
The resident population of the United States, over the age of 15, except persons living in institutions or military barracks.
The survey used a multistage stratified sampling design. Approximately 26,000 living quarters were selected for the sample. Of these, approximately 21,000 were occupied and eligible for interview. Each household was assigned to one of four rotation groups, and each rotation group was interviewed every four months. Thus one-fourth of the households were interviewed each month, and households were re-interviewed at four months intervals.
Collection Mode
  • The period covered by the 1984 longitudinal panel file consists of the first 32 interview months (eight interviews) of the survey (October 1983- May 1986). Data for up to 32 reference months are available for each person on the file, with the specific months depending on the person's rotation group and his/her sample entry or exit data. However, data from all four rotation groups (i.e., the full sample) are available only for reference months September 1983 through January 1986, inclusive. Also, the availability of data on household composition begins with the first interview month of a rotation group.

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Alternative Identifiers
  • 9331 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR09331.v1
  • Cobb-Clark, Deborah A., Hildebrand, Vincent A.. The portfolio choices of hispanic couples. Social Science Quarterly.87, (5), 1344-1363.2006.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1540-6237.2006.00431.x (DOI)
  • Almond, Douglas, Mazumder, Bhashkar. 1918 influenza pandemic and subsequent health outcomes: An analysis of SIPP data. American Economic Review.95 , (2), 258-262.2005.
    • ID: 10.1257/000282805774669943 (DOI)
  • Bollinger, Christopher R., David, Martin H.. I didn't tell, and I won't tell: Dynamic response error in the SIPP. Journal of Applied Econometrics.20, (4), 563-569.2005.
    • ID: 10.1002/jae.794 (DOI)
  • Neumark, David, Powers, Elizabeth T.. Effect of the SSI program on labor supply: Improved evidence from Social Security administrative files. Social Security Bulletin.65, (3), 45-60.2003.
  • Carney, Stacie, Gale, William G.. Asset accumulation among low-income households. Assets for the Poor: The Benefits of Spreading Asset Ownership.New York, NY: Russell Sage. 2001.
  • Powers, Elizabeth T., Neumark, David. The Supplemental Security Income Program and Incentives to Take Up Social Security Early Retirement: Empirical Evidence from Matched SIPP and Social Security Administration Files. Empirical Evidence from Matched SIPP and Social Security Administrative Files.WP 2001-06, Chestnut Hill, MA: Center for Retirement Research at Boston College. 2001.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Baldwin, Marjorie L.. The effects of impairments on employment and wages: Estimates from the 1984 and 1990 SIPP. Behavioral Sciences and the Law.17, (1), 7-27.1999.
    • ID: 10.1002/(SICI)1099-0798(199901/03)17:1<7::AID-BSL328>3.0.CO;2-D (DOI)
  • Bollinger, Christopher R., David, Martin H.. Estimation with Response Error and Nonresponse: Food Stamp Participation in SIPP. CDE Working Paper.99-13, Madison, WI: Center for Demography and Ecology. 1999.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Keane, Michael, Moffitt, Robert. A structural model of multiple welfare program participation and labor supply. International Economic Review.39, (3), 553-589.1998.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Zabel, Jeffrey E.. An analysis of attrition in the Panel Study of Income Dynamics and the Survey of Income and Program Participation with an Application to a Model of Labor Market Behavior. Journal of Human Resources.33, (2), 479-506.1998.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Grubb, W. Norton. The Returns to Education in the Sub-Baccalaureate Labor Market, 1984-1990. Economics of Education Review.16, (3), 231-245.1997.
    • ID: 10.1016/S0272-7757(97)00002-2 (DOI)
  • Jacobsen, Joyce P., Levin, Laurence M.. Marriage and migration: Comparing gains and losses from migration for couples and singles. Social Science Quarterly.78, (3), 688-709.1997.
  • Jacobson, Joyce P., Levin, Laurence M.. Marriage and Migration: Comparing Gains and Losses from Migration for Couples and Singles. Social Science Quarterly.78, (3), 688-709.1997.
  • Mackin, Jeanne. Living Arrangements Vary for the Elderly. Human Ecology Forum.25, (2), 2-2.1997.
  • Borjas, George J., Hilton, Lynette. Immigration and the Welfare State: Immigration Participation in Means-Tested Entitlement Programs. Quarterly Journal of Economics.111, (2), 575-604.1996.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Burr, Jeffrey A., Massagli, Michael P., Mutchler, Jan E., Pienta, Amy M.. Labor Force Transitions among Older African American and White Men. Social Forces.74, (3), 963-982.1996.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Land, Kenneth C., Russell, Stephen T.. Wealth accumulation across the adult life course: Stability and change in sociodemographic covariate structures of net worth data in the Survey of Income and Program Participation, 1984-1991. Social Science Research.25, (4), 423-462.1996.
    • ID: 10.1006/ssre.1996.0019 (DOI)
  • Marquis, M. Susan, Long, Stephen H.. Reconsidering the effect of Medicaid on health care services use. Health Services Research.30, (6), 791-808.1996.
  • Craig, Ben. Are Wages Inflexible?. Economic Commentary.1121-413.1995.
  • Gruber, Jonathan, Madrian, Brigitte C.. Health-Insurance Availability and the Retirement Decision. American Economic Review.85, (4), 938-948.1995.
  • Holtz-Eakin, Douglas, Penrod, John R., Rosen, Harvey S.. Health Insurance and the Supply of Entrepreneurs. NBER Working Paper Series.4880, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 1994.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Mutchler, Jan E., Bullers, Susan. Gender differences in formal care use in later life. Research on Aging.16, (3), 235-250.1994.
    • ID: 10.1177/0164027594163001 (DOI)
  • Rendall, Michael S., Speare, Alden, Jr.. Support to Disabled U.S. Elderly Through Extended-Family Households. International Sociological Association. 1994.
  • Spalter-Roth, Roberta M., Hartmann, Heidi I.. The Clinton Round: An Analysis of the Impact of Current Proposals to 'Free' Single Mothers from Welfare Dependence. American Sociological Association. 1994.
  • Swartz, Katherine. Dynamics of people without health insurance: Don't let the numbers fool you. JAMA, The Journal of the American Medical Association.271, (1), 64-66.1994.
    • ID: 10.1001/jama.271.1.64 (DOI)
  • Ting, Yuan. Impact of state medicaid program on AFDC participation. American Review of Public Administration.24, (4), 375 -1994.
  • Wilcox-Gok, Virginia, Rubin, Jeffrey. Health insurance coverage among the elderly. Social Science and Medicine.38, (11), 1521-1529.1994.
  • Crown, William H., Longino, Charles F., Jr., Cutler, Neal E.. Net worth and the economic diversity of the elderly. Journal of Aging and Social Policy.5, (4), 99-118.1993.
    • ID: 10.1300/J031v05n04_06 (DOI)
  • Gruber, Jonathan, Madrian, Brigitte C.. Health Insurance Availability and the Retirement Decision. NBER Working Paper Series.4469, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 1993.
  • Treas, Judith. Money in the Bank: Transaction Costs and the Economic Organization of Marriage. American Sociological Review.58, (5), 723-734.1993.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Barrilleaux, Charles J.: Miller, Mark E.. Decisions without consequences: Cost control and access in state Medicaid programs. Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law.17, (1), 97-118.1992.
    • ID: 10.1215/03616878-17-1-97 (DOI)
  • Connelly, Rachel. The future of SIPP for analyzing child care and child support. Journal of Economic and Social Measurement.18, (1-4), 213-230.1992.
  • Crystal, Stephen, Shea, Dennis, Krishnaswami, Shreeram. Educational Attainment, Occupational History, and Stratification: Determinants of Later-Life Economic Outcomes. Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences.47, (5), S216-S221.1992.
  • Davis, Sandra Boyd. She's Her Own Boss: The Determinants of Self-Employment as an Employment State for Married Women in the U.S.. Dissertation, University of Southern California. 1992.
  • Fitzgerald, John. A Hazard Model for Welfare Durations with Unobserved Location-Specific Effects. Report to the Census Bureau.Washington, DC: US Bureau of the Census. 1992.
  • Giannarelli, Linda. AFDC Turnover and Spell Duration in the 1984 Panel of SIPP, and the Implications of Those Data for TRIM2 Model. Report submitted to the Congressional Budget Office.Washington, DC: Urban Institute. 1992.
  • Mutchler, Jan E.. Living Arrangements and Household Transitions among the Unmarried in Later Life. Social Science Quarterly.73, (3), 565-580.1992.
  • Rogowski, Jeannette A., Karoly, Lynn A.. Retirement and health insurance coverage. Health Benefits and the Workforce.Washington, DC: Government Printing Office. 1992.
  • Caputo, Richard K.. Durations of Work and Poverty among Working Poor Household Heads: Comparison of Blacks and Whites by Selected Characteristics. American Sociological Association. 1991.
  • Fitzgerald, John. Welfare durations and the marriage market: Evidence from the Survey of Income and Program Participation. Journal of Human Resources.26, (3), 545-561.1991.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Hurd, Michael D.. Income and savings of the elderly. Stony Brook: Department of Economics, State University of New York at Stony Brook. 1991.
  • Long, Sharon K.. Children and Welfare: Patterns of Participation in the Food Stamp and AFDC Programs. Report to the United States Department of Health and Human Services.Washington, DC: United States Department of Health and Human Services. 1991.
  • Meyer, Daniel R., Phillips, Elizabeth, Maritato, Nancy L.. The Effects of Replacing Income Tax Deductions for Children with Children's Allowances: A Microsimulation. Journal of Family Issues.12, (4), 467-491.1991.
    • ID: 10.1177/019251391012004005 (DOI)
  • Mutchler, Jan E., Burr, Jeffrey A.. Racial differences in health and health care services utilization in later life: The effect of socioeconomic status. Journal of Health and Social Behavior.32, (4), 342-356.1991.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Witte, James C.. Discrete Time Models of Entry into Marriage Based on Retrospective Histories of Young Adults in the United States and the Federal Republic of Germany. American Sociological Association. 1991.
  • Holden, Karen C., Smeeding, Timothy M.. The poor, the rich, and the insecure elderly caught in between. Milbank Quarterly.68, (2), 191-219.1990.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Mutchler, Jan E.. Household composition among the nonmarried elderly: A comparison of black and white women. Research on Aging.12, (4), 487-506.1990.
    • ID: 10.1177/0164027590124006 (DOI)
  • Oliver, Melvin L., Shapiro, Thomas M.. Wealth of a nation: A reassessment of asset inequality in America shows at least one third of households are asset-poor. American Journal of Economics and Sociology.49, (2), 129-151.1990.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1536-7150.1990.tb02268.x (DOI)
  • Spalter-Roth, Roberta M., Hartmann, Heidi I., Andrews, Linda M.. Mothers, Children, and Low-Wage Work: The Ability to Earn a Family Wage. American Sociological Association. 1990.
  • McNeil, John M., et al. Moving Into and Out of Poverty: Data from the First SIPP Panel File. . 1989.
  • Wiener, Joshua M., Hanley, Raymond J.. Measuring the Activities of Daily Living among the Elderly: A Guide to National Surveys. Washington, DC: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, Office of Disaiblity, Aging, and Long-Term Car. 1989.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Angel, Ronald J., Worobey, Jacqueline Lowe. Single Motherhood and Children's Health. Journal of Health and Social Behavior.29, (1), 38-52.1988.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Kemp, Alice Abel. Program Utilization of Poverty Households: Data on White and Black Female-Headed Households from the SIPP. American Sociological Association. 1988.
  • Oliver, Melvin L., Shapiro, Thomas M.. Wealth of a Nation: A Reassessment of Asset Inequality in America. American Sociological Association. 1988.
  • (author unknown). Linking Employment Problems to Economic Status: 1984 Survey. Bulletin.2270, Washington, DC: United States Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. 1986.
  • Ryscavage, Paul M., Bregger, John E.. New household survey and the CPS: A look at labor force differences. Monthly Labor Review.108, (9), 3-12.1985.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census (1990): Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) 1984 Full Panel Research File. Archival Version. Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.