My da|ra Login

Detailed view

metadata language: English

Consumer Expenditure Survey, 1987: Diary Survey

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • United States Department of Labor. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Consumer Expenditure Survey Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
automobile expenses; consumer behavior; consumer expenditures; consumption; debt; demographic characteristics; energy consumption; food costs; household budgets; household expenditures; household income; purchasing; recreation expenses
  • Abstract

    The ongoing Consumer Expenditure Survey (CES) provides a continuous, comprehensive flow of data on the buying habits of American consumers. In addition, these data are used to maintain and to review the Consumer Price Index. The Diary, or recordkeeping, component of the CES contains expenditure data for items purchased on a daily or weekly basis. Participants from consumer units, which are roughly equivalent to households, are asked to maintain expense records, or diaries, of all purchases made each day for two consecutive one-week periods. Diaries are designed to record information on small, frequently purchased items such as food, beverages, food consumed away from home, gasoline, housekeeping supplies, nonprescription drugs and medical supplies, and personal care products and services. Information is also elicited at the end of the two-week period on work experience, occupation, industry, retirement status, member earnings from wages and salaries, net income from business or profession, net income from one's own farm, and income from other sources. The unit of analysis for the Consumer Expenditure Surveys is the consumer unit, consisting of all members of a particular housing unit who are related by blood, marriage, adoption, or some other legal arrangement. Consumer unit determination for unrelated persons is based on financial independence. The Consumer Unit Characteristics and Income (FMLY) files supply information on consumer unit characteristics, consumer unit income, and characteristics and earnings of the reference person and his or her spouse. Member Characteristics (MEMB) files contain selected characteristics for each consumer unit member, including reference person and spouse. The Detailed Expenditures (EXPN) files present weekly data on expenditures at the UCC level, while the Income (DTAB) files contain weekly data on income at the UCC level.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: 1987 First Quarter: Consumer Unit Characteristics and Income
    • DS2: 1987 First Quarter: Member Characteristics
    • DS3: 1987 First Quarter: Detailed Expenditures
    • DS4: 1987 First Quarter: Income
    • DS5: 1987 Second Quarter: Consumer Unit Characteristics and Income
    • DS6: 1987 Second Quarter: Member Characteristics
    • DS7: 1987 Second Quarter: Detailed Expenditures
    • DS8: 1987 Second Quarter: Income
    • DS9: 1987 Third Quarter: Consumer Unit Characteristics and Income
    • DS10: 1987 Third Quarter: Member Characteristics
    • DS11: 1987 Third Quarter: Detailed Expenditures
    • DS12: 1987 Third Quarter: Income
    • DS13: 1987 Fourth Quarter: Consumer Unit Characteristics and Income
    • DS14: 1987 Fourth Quarter: Member Characteristics
    • DS15: 1987 Fourth Quarter: Detailed Expenditures
    • DS16: 1987 Fourth Quarter: Income
    • DS17: 1987 Publication Aggregation
    • DS18: 1987 Publication Labels
    • DS19: 1987: Universal Classification Codes and Their Titles
    • DS21: May 1991 Errata
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1987
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Civilian noninstitutional population of the United States.
This survey is based on a national probability sample of households. The sampling frame (i.e., the list from which housing units were chosen) for this survey was generated from the 1980 Census 100 percent detail file. Each selected sample unit is requested to keep two one-week diaries of expenditures over consecutive weeks. The earliest possible day for placing a diary with a household is predesignated so that each day of the week has an equal chance to start the reference week and the diaries are evenly spaced throughout the year. During the last six weeks of the year, the diary sample is supplemented to twice its normal size to increase the reportings of types of expenditures unique to the holiday season.
Collection Mode
  • Documentation is machine-readable only. A sample program is included in the 1987 documentation that permits the user to create 1987 Diary News Release output. This allows the user to verify that the copy of the tape contains valid data, illustrates BLS's methodology in producing publication tables, and offers an example of coding to access the tape. In addition, integrated data from the Diary and Interview portions of the Consumer Expenditure Survey were made available for the first time in 1987. Reference to this material appears in the EXPN and DTAB files under the variable PUB_FLAG.

2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 20 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 20 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9333 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR09333.v1
  • Zan, Hua, Fan, Jessie X.. Cohort effects of household expenditures on food away from home. Journal of Consumer Affairs.44, (1), 213-233.2010.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-6606.2010.01163.x (DOI)
  • Primiceri, Giorgio E., van Rens, Thijs. Heterogeneous life-cycle profiles, income risk and consumption inequality. Journal of Monetary Economics.56, (1), 20-39.2009.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jmoneco.2008.10.001 (DOI)
  • Ding, Li. United States Households Consumption, a Comprehensive Analysis. Dissertation, University of Maryland-College Park. 2007.
  • Conover, Christopher J.. Distributional considerations in the overregulation of health professionals, health facilities, and health plans (response to article by Clark Havighurst and Barak Richman in this issue, p. 7). Law and Contemporary Problems.69, (4), 181 -2006.
  • Barrow, Lisa, McGranahan, Leslie. The effects of the earned income credit on the seasonality of household expenditures. National Tax Journal.53, (4), 1211-1243.2000.
  • Brooks, David. The way we spend now. New York Times Magazine.6.55 -2000.
  • Souleles, Nicholas S.. College tuition and household savings and consumption. Journal of Public Economics.77, (2), 185-207.2000.
    • ID: 10.1016/S0047-2727(99)00068-7 (DOI)
  • Cortez, Rafael, Senauer, Ben. Taste Changes in the Demand for Food by Demographic Groups in the United States: A Nonparametric Empirical Analysis. American Journal of Agricultural Economics.78, (2), 280-289.1996.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Zuo, Jun. Health Information, Consumer Participation, and Market Demand: The Case of Fresh Milk in the United States. Dissertation, Ohio State University. 1996.
  • Russell, Cheryl. The Official Guide to the American Marketplace, 2nd Edition. Ithaca: New Strategist Publications. 1995.
  • Cortez, Rafael A.. Taste Changes in the Demand for Food by Demographic Groups in the United States: A Nonparametric Empirical Analysis. Dissertation, University of Minnesota. 1994.
  • Del Boca, Daniela, Flinn, Christopher J.. Expenditure decisions of divorced mothers and income composition. Journal of Human Resources.29, (3), 742-761.1994.
  • Rubin, Rose M., Riney, Bobye J.. Workig Wives and Dual-Earner Families. Westport: Praeger. 1994.
  • Gould, Brian W.. At-home consumption of cheese: A purchase-infrequency model. American Journal of Agricultural Economics.74, (2), 453-459.1992.
    • ID: (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Labor. Bureau of Labor Statistics (1990): Consumer Expenditure Survey, 1987: Diary Survey. Archival Version. Consumer Expenditure Survey Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.