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American Housing Survey, 1985 [United States]: National File

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • American Housing Survey Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
commuting (travel); energy assistance; energy conservation; energy consumption; home ownership; housing; housing conditions; housing costs; housing occupancy; housing units; income; Metropolitan Statistical Areas; municipal services; neighborhood conditions; property insurance; property taxes; property values; rental housing; relocation; transportation; utility rates
  • Abstract

    Characteristics of the United States housing inventory listed in this file include the age, size, and type of living quarters, property values, and the presence of commercial establishments on the property. Additional data focus on the presence and condition of kitchen and plumbing facilities and the type and cost of utilities, as well as housing expenses, property repair or alteration, and insurance costs. Many of the same characteristics are given for housing previously occupied by recent movers. Information on age, sex, race, marital status, and income is provided for each household member, with additional data on education, Spanish origin, and household tenure for the head of household. Indicators provided for housing quality include privacy and structural condition. For neighborhood quality, indicators assess noise, crime, air quality, and the presence of abandoned structures, along with the adequacy of neighborhood services such as police protection, parks, health care, and public transportation. Supplements provide information on second homes, mobility, and energy assistance.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1985
  • Collection date: 1985
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
The sample of housing units was selected from the 1980 CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING records and updated by a sample of addresses from building permits to include new construction and conversions.
A probability sample of approximately 47,000 housing units nationwide was used.
This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9363 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Coulson, N. Edward, Li, Herman. Measuring the external benefits of homeownership. Journal of Urban Economics.77, 57-67.2013.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jue.2013.03.005 (DOI)
  • Cunningham, Chris, Reed, Robert R.. Negative equity and wages. Regional Science and Urban Economics.43, (6), 841-849.2013.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.regsciurbeco.2013.08.005 (DOI)
  • Zhou, Yu, Haurin, Donald R.. On the determinants of house value volatility. Journal of Real Estate Research.32, (4), 377-395.2010.
  • Hipp, John R.. Block, tract, and levels of aggregation: Neighborhood structure and crime and disorder as a case in point. American Sociological Review.72, (5), 659-680.2007.
    • ID: 10.1177/000312240707200501 (DOI)
  • Dieleman, Frans M., Clark, William A.V., Deurloo, Marinus C.. The geography of residential turnover in twenty-seven large US metropolitan housing markets, 1985-95. Urban Studies.37, (2), 223-245.2000.
    • ID: 10.1080/0042098002168 (DOI)
  • Cervero, Robert. Mixed land-uses and commuting: Evidence from the American Housing Survey. Transportation Research, Part A: Policy and Practice.30, (5), 361-377.1996.
    • ID: 10.1016/0965-8564(95)00033-X (DOI)
  • Gabriel, Stuart A., Rosenthal, Stuart S.. Commutes, Neighborhood Effects, and Earnings: An Analysis of Racial Discrimination and Compensating Differentials. Journal of Urban Economics.40, (1), 61-83.1996.
    • ID: 10.1006/juec.1996.0023 (DOI)
  • Archer, Wayne, Ling, David C., McGill, Gary A.. The Effect of Income and Collateral Constraints on Residential Mortgage Terminations. Regional Science and Urban Economics.26, 235-261.1995.
    • ID: 10.1016/0166-0462(95)02115-9 (DOI)
  • Taylor, Brian D., Ong, Paul M.. Spatial mismatch or automobile mismatch? An examination of race, residence and commuting in U.S. metropolitan areas. Urban Studies.32, (9), 1453-1473.1995.
    • ID: 10.1080/00420989550012348 (DOI)
  • Branch, E. Raphael. The Consumer Expenditure Survey: A Comparative Analysis. Monthly Labor Review.117, (12), 47-55.1994.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Greenberg, Michael, Schneider, Dona, Choi, Daiwoo. Neighborhood quality. Geographical Review.84, (1), 1 -1994.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Gordon, Peter, Richardson, Harry, Jun, Myung-Jin. The Commuting Paradox: Evidence from the Top Twenty. Journal of the American Planning Association.57, (4), 416-420.1991.
    • ID: 10.1080/01944369108975516 (DOI)
  • Zipser, Andy. Gimme Shelter (A Special Report): Extremes --- Broken Promises: Low-Cost Housing Stock Shrinks Even as the Need for It Grows. Wall Street Journal.1 -1989.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census (1990): American Housing Survey, 1985 [United States]: National File. Version 1. American Housing Survey Series. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.