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Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) 1985 Full Panel Research File

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
demographic characteristics; economic conditions; families; financial assets; government programs; households; income; income distribution; labor force; participation; poverty programs; public assistance programs; unearned income; unemployment; wages and salaries; wealth; welfare services; working hours
  • Abstract

    This dataset contains basic demographic, social, and economic data for each member of interviewed households in the first eight waves of the 1985 Panel of Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP). Variables include age, sex, race, ethnic origin, marital status, household relationship, education, and veteran status. Limited data are provided on housing unit characteristics such as number of units in structure and tenure. Core questions, repeated at each interview, include monthly labor force activity, types and amounts of monthly income, and participation in various cash and noncash benefits programs for each month of the survey period. Data for employed persons include number of hours and weeks worked, earnings, and weeks without a job. Nonworkers are classified as unemployed or not in the labor force. In addition to income data associated with labor force activity, nearly 50 other types of income data are provided. Several variables are included for use in identifying longitudinal households and persons in them and to aid in analysis.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Data
    • DS2: Data Dictionary
    • DS3: Additional Variable Documentation
Temporal Coverage
  • 1985-02 / 1987-08
    Time period: 1985-02--1987-08
  • 1984-10 / 1987-07
    Collection date: 1984-10--1987-07
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
The resident population of the United States, over the age of 15, except persons living in institutions or military barracks.
The survey used a multistage stratified sampling design. Approximately 17,800 living quarters were selected for the sample. Of these, approximately 13,400 were occupied and eligible for interview. Each household was assigned to one of four rotation groups, and each rotation group was interviewed every four months. Thus one-fourth of the households were interviewed each month, and households were re-interviewed at four months intervals.
Collection Mode
  • The period covered by the 1985 longitudinal panel file consists of 32 interview months (eight interviews) for Rotations 2, 3, and 4 of the survey. Rotation 1 has only 28 interview months (seven interviews). Specific months available depend on the person's rotation group and his or her sample entry or exit date. However, data from all four rotation groups (i.e., the full sample) are available only for reference months January 1985 through April 1987, inclusive. Also, the availability of data on household composition begins with the first interview month of a rotation group.

This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9395 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Cobb-Clark, Deborah A., Hildebrand, Vincent A.. The portfolio choices of hispanic couples. Social Science Quarterly.87, (5), 1344-1363.2006.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1540-6237.2006.00431.x (DOI)
  • Almond, Douglas, Mazumder, Bhashkar. 1918 influenza pandemic and subsequent health outcomes: An analysis of SIPP data. American Economic Review.95 , (2), 258-262.2005.
    • ID: 10.1257/000282805774669943 (DOI)
  • Gauthier, Anne H., Smeeding, Timothy M.. Time Use at Older Ages. Research on Aging.25, (3), 247-274.2003.
    • ID: 10.1177/0164027503025003003 (DOI)
  • Carney, Stacie, Gale, William G.. Asset accumulation among low-income households. Assets for the Poor: The Benefits of Spreading Asset Ownership.New York, NY: Russell Sage. 2001.
  • Mutchler, Jan E., Burr, Jeffrey A., Massagli, Michael P., Pienta, Amy. Work transitions and health in later life. Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences.54B, (5), S252-S261.1999.
    • ID: 10.1093/geronb/54B.5.S252 (DOI)
  • Jacobson, Joyce P., Levin, Laurence M.. Marriage and Migration: Comparing Gains and Losses from Migration for Couples and Singles. Social Science Quarterly.78, (3), 688-709.1997.
  • Borjas, George J., Hilton, Lynette. Immigration and the Welfare State: Immigration Participation in Means-Tested Entitlement Programs. Quarterly Journal of Economics.111, (2), 575-604.1996.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Burr, Jeffrey A., Massagli, Michael P., Mutchler, Jan E., Pienta, Amy M.. Labor Force Transitions among Older African American and White Men. Social Forces.74, (3), 963-982.1996.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Gruber, Jonathan, Madrian, Brigitte C.. Health-Insurance Availability and the Retirement Decision. American Economic Review.85, (4), 938-948.1995.
  • Holtz-Eakin, Douglas, Penrod, John R., Rosen, Harvey S.. Health Insurance and the Supply of Entrepreneurs. NBER Working Paper Series.4880, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 1994.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Swartz, Katherine. Dynamics of people without health insurance: Don't let the numbers fool you. JAMA, The Journal of the American Medical Association.271, (1), 64-66.1994.
    • ID: 10.1001/jama.271.1.64 (DOI)
  • Gruber, Jonathan, Madrian, Brigitte C.. Health Insurance Availability and the Retirement Decision. NBER Working Paper Series.4469, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 1993.
  • Piskulich, C. Michelle. Toward a Comprehensive Model of Welfare Exits: The Case of AFDC. American Journal of Political Science.37, (1), 165-185.1993.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Rogowski, Jeannette A., Karoly, Lynn A.. Retirement and health insurance coverage. Health Benefits and the Workforce.Washington, DC: Government Printing Office. 1992.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census (1990): Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) 1985 Full Panel Research File. Version 1. Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) Series. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.