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Police Documentation of Drunk Driving Arrests, 1984-1987: Los Angeles, Denver, and Boston

Version
v0
Resource Type
Dataset : event/transaction data and administrative records data
Creator
  • Snortum, John R., et al.
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
1990-10-16
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice
Language
English
Free Keywords
arrests; court cases; driving under the influence; pleas; verdicts
Description
  • Abstract

    These data measure the effects of blood alcohol content coupled with officer reports at the time of arrest on driving while intoxicated (DWI) case outcomes (jury verdicts and guilty pleas). Court records and relevant police reports for drunk-driving cases drawn from the greater metropolitan areas of Boston, Denver, and Los Angeles were compiled to produce this data collection. Cases were selected to include roughly equal proportions of guilty pleas, guilty verdicts, and not-guilty verdicts. DWI cases were compared on the quality and quantity of evidence concerning the suspect's behavior, with the evidence coming from any mention of 20 standard visual detection cues prior to the stop, 13 attributes of general appearance and behavior immediately after the stop, and the results of as many as 7 field sobriety tests. Questions concerned driving-under-the-influence cues (scoring sheet), observed traffic violations and actual traffic accidents, the verdict, DWI history, whether the stop resulted from an accident, whether the attorney was public or private, and sanctions that followed the verdict. Also included were demographic questions on age, sex, and ethnicity.
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS1: Data File
Temporal Coverage
  • 1984 / 1987
    Time period: 1984--1987
Geographic Coverage
  • Boston
  • California
  • Colorado
  • Denver
  • Los Angeles
  • Massachusetts
  • United States
Collection Mode
  • (1) Part 2 is a set of SPSS program statements supplied by the principal investigator that recode the original variables and compute new variables to produce an expanded analytical file. (2) The codebook and data collection instrument are provided as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided through the ICPSR Website on the Internet.

Note
2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.1998-02-18 The card image data has been converted to logical record length, and the SPSS program statements that had been included in the card image file are being released separately, as Part 2. Also, the SPSS data definition statements were updated for use with the logical record length version of the data, and SAS data definition statements have been added to this collection. In addition, the codebook and data collection instrument are provided as a PDF file. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (86-IJ-CX-0056).
Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9400 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR09400.v1
Publications
  • Berger, D.E., Snortum, J.R., Homel, R.J., Hauge, R., Loxley, W.. Deterrence and prevention of alcohol-impaired driving in Australia, the United States, and Norway. Justice Quarterly.7, (3), 453-465.1990.
    • ID: 10.1080/07418829000090681 (DOI)
  • Snortum, John R., Riva, Paul R., Berger, Dale E., Mangione, Thomas W.. Police Documentation of Drunk Driving Arrests: Jury Verdicts and Guilty Pleas As a Function of Quantity and Quality of Evidence. Journal of Criminal Justice.18, (2), 99-116.1990.
    • ID: 10.1016/0047-2352(90)90029-B (DOI)
  • Berger, D.E., Snortum, J.R., Homel, R.J., Hauge, R., Loxley, W.. Social, Cultural, and Legal Influences on Alcohol-Impaired Driving: Compliance in Australia, the United States and Norway. T89 International Conference on Alcohol, Drugs, and Traffic Safety.Chicago, IL. 1989.
  • Snortum, J.R., Riva, P.R., Berger, D.E., Mangione, T.W.. Judicial Outcomes of Drunk Driving Cases As a Function of Quantity and Quality of Police Evidence. NCJ 126683, Washington, DC: Annual Meeting of the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences. 1989.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/126683NCJRS.pdf (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 10 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Snortum, John R., et al. (1990): Police Documentation of Drunk Driving Arrests, 1984-1987: Los Angeles, Denver, and Boston. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09400