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National Mortality Followback Survey, 1986

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data, and event data
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Center for Health Statistics
Other Title
  • Version 2 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • National Mortality Followback Survey Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
causes of death; death records; demographic characteristics; disease; health; health care utilization; medical care; medical evaluation; medical history; medical procedures; mortality rates; population trends; risk factors; socioeconomic status; vital statistics
  • Abstract

    The 1986 National Mortality Followback Survey (NMFS) is the first National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) mortality followback study since the 1966-1968 survey of the same name (ICPSR 8370). The 1986 NMFS supplements characteristics of mortality found in the routine vital statistics system by collecting information from death certificate informants or other knowledgeable relatives, and from health care facilities that were used by decedents in the last year of life. The death records provide demographic data on the decedent and information on the circumstances of death (location, time, underlying causes, and other health conditions at time of death) and use of medical facilities in the preceding year. Additional issues addressed in the informant questionnaire were health care sought and provided in the last year of life, risk factors associated with premature death, socioeconomic status and mortality, and reliability of selected items reported on the death certificate. Health care facilities provided information on diagnosis, diagnostic and surgical procedures performed on the decedent, and length of stay.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Standardized missing values..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: 1986 Full File
    • DS2: Person Extract File
    • DS3: Health Care Facilities Extract File
    • DS4: Dictionary Listings and Univariate Statistics for Parts 2-3
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1986
  • Collection date: 1986
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
All death certificates for decedents 25 years of age or older who died in 1986 in the United States (excluding Oregon, due to Oregon's respondent consent requirements).
A nationally representative sample of death certificates for adults over 25 years of age who died in 1986. The 1986 sampling frame is composed of the death certificates selected for the 1986 Current Mortality Sample, a 10 percent sample of the state death certificates. All Native Americans were included, as were selected age/gender strata for asthma, cancer, and ischemic heart disease deaths. Black decedents and decedents under 55 were oversampled. Sample weights are provided.
Collection Mode
  • (1) Per agreement with NCHS, ICPSR distributes the data file and technical documentation in this collection in their original form as prepared by NCHS. (2) Part 1, a hierarchical file, has two levels of records. The first level, which provides one record for each of the decedents in this study, contains information from death certificates and the informant questionnaire. The second level contains data from health care facilities as collected in the Facility Abstract Records (FARS). Each decedent may have up to six facility records, one for each health care facility entered in the last year of life. Each health care facility record can accommodate up to 20 episodes of care received in that facility. Each episode of care has 17 variables covering diagnosis, procedures, and length of stay. Of the decedents in this study, 12,275 have one or more facility-level records. (3) The race distribution for this file is White (N = 13,303), Black (N = 4,759), American Indian, Aleut, and Eskimo (N = 540), and other (N = 131). The age distribution for the file is 25-54 (N = 6,384), 55-64 (N = 3,496), 65-74 (N = 3,895), 75-84 (N = 2,366), and 85+ (N = 2,592).

2006-01-18 File CB9410.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.
This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9410 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR09410.v1
  • Freedman, Vicki A., Martin, Linda G.. Commentary on Trends in Scores on Tests of Cognitive Ability in the Elderly U.S. Population, 1993-2000 and Author's Reply. Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences.58B, (6), S347-S349.2003.
    • ID: 10.1093/geronb/58.6.S347 (DOI)
  • Murtaugh, Christopher M., Spillman, Brenda C., Warshawshi, Mark J.. In Sickness and in Health: An Annuity Approach to Financing Long-Term Care and Retirement Income. Journal of Risk and Insurance.68, (2), 225-253.2001.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Liao, Youlian, McGee, Daniel L., Cao, Guichan, Cooper, Richard S.. Quality of the Last Year of Life of Older Adults: 1996 vs 1993. JAMA, The Journal of the American Medical Association.283, (4), 512-518.2000.
    • ID: 10.1001/jama.283.4.512 (DOI)
  • Graubard, Barry I., Korn, Edward L.. Analyzing health surveys for cancer-related objectives. Journal of the National Cancer Institute.91, (12), 1005-1016.1999.
    • ID: 10.1093/jnci/91.12.1005 (DOI)
  • Valdez, Rodolfo, Narayan, K.M. Venkat, Geiss, Linda S., Engelgau, Michael M.. Impact of diabetes mellitus on mortality associated with pneumonia and influenza among non-Hispanic Black and White US adults. American Journal of Public Health.89, (11), 1715-1721.1999.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.89.11.1715 (DOI)
  • Escobedo, Luis G., Giles, W.H., Anda, Robert F.. Socioeconomic status, race, and death from coronary heart disease. American Journal of Preventive Medicine.13, (2), 123-130.1997.
  • Grabbe, Linda, Demi, Alice, Camann, Mary Ann, Potter, Lloyd. The health status of elderly persons in the last year of life: A comparison of deaths by suicide, injury, and natural causes. American Journal of Public Health.87, (3), 434-437.1997.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.87.3.434 (DOI)
  • Schoenbaum, Michael. Do smokers understand the mortality effects of smoking? Evidence from the health and retirement survey. American Journal of Public Health.87, (5), 755-759.1997.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.87.5.755 (DOI)
  • Will, Julie C., Casper, Michele. The contribution of diabetes to early deaths from ischemic heart disease: US gender and racial comparisons. American Journal of Public Health.86, (4), 576 -1996.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.86.4.576 (DOI)
  • Grabbe, Linda, Demi, Alice S., Whittington, Frank, Jones, Jo M., Branch, Laurence G., Lambert, Richard. Functional status and the use of formal home care in the year before death. Journal of Aging and Health.7, (3), 339-364.1995.
    • ID: 10.1177/089826439500700301 (DOI)
  • Wister, Andrew V., Gee, Ellen M.. Age at death due to ischemic heart disease: Gender differences. Social Biology.41, (1-2), 110-126.1994.
  • Parrish, K.M., Dufour, M.C., Stinson, F.S., Harford, T.C.. Average daily alcohol consumption during adult life among decedents with and without cirrhosis: The 1986 National Mortality Followback Survey . Journal of Studies on Alcohol.54, (4), 450-456.1993.
  • Stack, Steven, Wasserman, Ira. Marital Status, Alcohol Consumption, and Suicide: An Analysis of National Data. Journal of Marriage and Family.55, (4), 1018-1024.1993.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Bild, Diane E., Stevenson, John M.. Frequency of recording of diabetes in U.S. death certificates: Analysis of the 1986 National Mortality Followback Survey. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology.45, (3), 275-28.1992.
    • ID: 10.1016/0895-4356(92)90087-4 (DOI)
  • Seeman, Isadore. Sampler of Findings from the 1986 National Mortality Followback Survey on Risk Factors, Disability, and Health Care. Public Health Reports.107, (6), 707 -1992.
  • Kemper, Peter, Murtaugh, Christopher M.. Lifetime use of nursing home care. New England Journal of Medicine.324, (9), 595-600.1991.
    • ID: 10.1056/NEJM199102283240905 (DOI)
  • Stinson, Frederick S., Parrish, Kiyoko, Noble, John. Alcohol Consumption in a 1986 Sample of Deaths. Alcohol Health and Research World.14, (2), 154 -1990.
  • Seeman, I., Poe, G.S., McLaughlin, J.K.. Design of the 1986 National Mortality Followback Survey: Considerations on collecting data on decedents. Public Health Reports.104, (2), 183-188.1989.
  • Wiener, Joshua M., Hanley, Raymond J.. Measuring the Activities of Daily Living among the Elderly: A Guide to National Surveys. Washington, DC: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, Office of Disaiblity, Aging, and Long-Term Car. 1989.
    • ID: (URL)
  • (author unknown). Methods and Response Characteristics: 1986 National Mortality Followback Survey. Hyattsville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, National Center for Health Statistics. .

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Center for Health Statistics (1990): National Mortality Followback Survey, 1986. Version 2. National Mortality Followback Survey Series. Version: v2. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.