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Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) 1986 Full Panel Research File

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
demographic characteristics; economic conditions; families; financial assets; government programs; households; income; income distribution; labor force; participation; poverty programs; public assistance programs; unearned income; unemployment; wages and salaries; wealth; welfare services; working hours
  • Abstract

    This data collection contains basic demographic, social, and economic data for each member of interviewed households in the first seven waves of the 1986 Panel of SIPP. Variables include age, sex, race, ethnic origin, marital status, household relationship, education, and veteran status. Limited data are provided on housing unit characteristics such as number of units in structure and tenure. Core questions, repeated at each interview, include monthly labor force activity, types and amounts of monthly income, and participation in various cash and noncash benefits programs for each month of the survey period. Data for employed persons include number of hours and weeks worked, earnings, and weeks without a job. Nonworkers are classified as unemployed or not in the labor force. In addition to income data associated with labor force activity, nearly 50 other types of income data are provided. Several variables are included for use in identifying longitudinal households and persons in them and to aid in analysis.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Data
    • DS2: Data Dictionary
    • DS3: Variable List
Temporal Coverage
  • 1985-10 / 1988-03
    Time period: 1985-10--1988-03
  • 1986-02 / 1988-04
    Collection date: 1986-02--1988-04
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
The resident population of the United States over the age of 15, excluding persons living in institutions or military barracks.
The survey used a multistage stratified sampling design. Approximately 16,300 living quarters were selected for the sample. For Wave 1 of the 1986 Panel, interviews were obtained from the occupants of about 11,500 of the designated living quarters. Each household was assigned to one of four rotation groups, and each rotation group was interviewed every four months. Thus one-fourth of the households were interviewed each month, and households were reinterviewed at four-month intervals.
Collection Mode
  • Rotation group 1 was not interviewed for Wave 3 of the 1986 Panel.

This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9414 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR09414.v1
  • Almond, Douglas, Mazumder, Bhashkar. 1918 influenza pandemic and subsequent health outcomes: An analysis of SIPP data. American Economic Review.95 , (2), 258-262.2005.
    • ID: 10.1257/000282805774669943 (DOI)
  • Gottschalk, Peter. Downward nominal-wage flexibility: Real or measurement error?. Review of Economics and Statistics.87, (3), 556-568.2005.
    • ID: 10.1162/0034653054638328 (DOI)
  • Ham, John C., Shore-Sheppard, Lara. The effect of Medicaid expansions for low-income children on Medicaid participation and private insurance coverage: Evidence from the SIPP. Journal of Public Economics.89, (1), 57-83.2005.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jpubeco.2003.07.011 (DOI)
  • Grogger, Jeffrey. Welfare transitions in the 1990s: The economy, Welfare policy, and the EITC. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management.23, (4), 671-695.2004.
    • ID: 10.1002/pam.20042 (DOI)
  • Carney, Stacie, Gale, William G.. Asset accumulation among low-income households. Assets for the Poor: The Benefits of Spreading Asset Ownership.New York, NY: Russell Sage. 2001.
  • Raley, R. Kelly, Harris, Kathleen Mullan, Rindfuss, Ronald R.. The quality and comparability of child care data in U.S. surveys. Social Science Research.29, (3), 356-381.2000.
    • ID: 10.1006/ssre.2000.0673 (DOI)
  • Hauser, Robert M.. Intergenerational Economic Mobility in the United States: Measures, Differentials, and Trends. CDE Working Paper 98-12.Madison, WI: Center for Demography and Ecology. 1998.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Hauser, Robert M., Kuo, Hsiang-Hui Daphne. Does the Gender Composition of Sibships Affect Educational Attainment?. CDE Working Paper 95-06.Madison, WI: Center for Demography and Ecology. 1997.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Jacobson, Joyce P., Levin, Laurence M.. Marriage and Migration: Comparing Gains and Losses from Migration for Couples and Singles. Social Science Quarterly.78, (3), 688-709.1997.
  • Brandon, Peter D.. Modeling Living Arrangements and Welfare Participation Choices among Single Mothers. CDE Working Paper 95-27.Madison, WI: Center for Demography and Ecology. 1996.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Carter, Wendy Y.. The Effects of Changing Family Structures on Higher Education for Black and White American Cohorts: 1908-1969. CDE Working Paper 96-22.Madison, WI: Center for Demography and Ecology. 1996.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Hauser, Robert M., Warren, John Robert, Huang, Min-Hsing, Carter, Wendy Y.. Occupational Status, Education, and Social Mobility in the Meritocracy. CDE Working Paper 96-18.Madison, WI: Center for Demography and Ecology. 1996.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Hsueh, Sheri, Tienda, Marta. Gender, ethnicity, and labor force instability. Social Science Research.25, (1), 73-94.1996.
    • ID: 10.1006/ssre.1996.0004 (DOI)
  • Warren, John Robert, Sheridan, Jennifer, Hauser, Robert M.. Choosing a Measure of Occupational Standing: How Useful are Composite Measures in Analyses of Gender Inequality in Occupational Attainment?. CDE Working Paper 96-10.Madison, WI: Center for Demography and Ecology. 1996.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Brandon, Peter D.. An Empirical Analysis of AFDC Exits, Employment, and State-Level Minimum Wages. CDE Working Paper 95-24.Madison, WI: Center for Demography and Ecology. 1995.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Gruber, Jonathan, Madrian, Brigitte C.. Health-Insurance Availability and the Retirement Decision. American Economic Review.85, (4), 938-948.1995.
  • Holtz-Eakin, Douglas, Penrod, John R., Rosen, Harvey S.. Health Insurance and the Supply of Entrepreneurs. NBER Working Paper Series.4880, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 1994.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Swartz, Katherine. Dynamics of people without health insurance: Don't let the numbers fool you. JAMA, The Journal of the American Medical Association.271, (1), 64-66.1994.
    • ID: 10.1001/jama.271.1.64 (DOI)
  • Blank, Rebecca M., Ruggles, Patricia. When Do Women Use AFDC and Food Stamps? The Dynamics of Eligibility vs. Participation. NBER Working Paper Series.4429, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 1993.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Gruber, Jonathan, Madrian, Brigitte C.. Health Insurance Availability and the Retirement Decision. NBER Working Paper Series.4469, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 1993.
  • Piskulich, C. Michelle. Toward a Comprehensive Model of Welfare Exits: The Case of AFDC. American Journal of Political Science.37, (1), 165-185.1993.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Rogowski, Jeannette A., Karoly, Lynn A.. Retirement and health insurance coverage. Health Benefits and the Workforce.Washington, DC: Government Printing Office. 1992.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census (1990): Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) 1986 Full Panel Research File. Archival Version. Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.