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Union Army Recruits in White Regiments in the United States, 1861-1865

Version
v0
Resource Type
Dataset : administrative records data, aggregate data, medical records, survey data
Creator
  • Fogel, Robert W.
  • Engerman, Stanley L.
  • Pope, Clayne
  • Wimmer, Larry
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Civil War Veterans Series
Publication Date
1991-03-05
Funding Reference
  • University of Chicago. Booth School of Business. Center for Population Economics
  • Walgreen Foundation
  • Exxon Foundation
Language
English
Free Keywords
aging; American Civil War; body height; causes of death; census data; demographic characteristics; disease; enlistment (military); health status; military recruitment; military service; mortality rates; nineteenth century; occupations; physical characteristics; physical condition; Union Army; veterans
Description
  • Abstract

    This data collection was designed to analyze the relationships among height, morbidity, and mortality among individuals recruited into the Union Army. Information about each recruit includes date, place, and term of enlistment, place of birth, military ID number, random number assigned to each company, occupation before enlistment, age at enlistment, and height. Population figures for 1850 to 1860 by race, sex, and county of birth also are included by county and town of both recruit's birth and enlistment places. In addition, the latitude and longitude of the population centroids of each civil division were also computed.
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • 1861 / 1865
    Time period: 1861--1865
  • Collection date: 1981
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
All recruits mustered into the Union Army.
Sampling
One-stage cluster sampling of white companies in the Union Army. Clusters were companies, with each company having an equal probability of being included.
Collection Mode
  • These data can be merged using the variable RECIDNUM with the AGING OF VETERANS OF THE UNION ARMY: MILITARY, PENSION, AND MEDICAL RECORDS, 1820-1940 (ICPSR 6837), AGING OF VETERANS OF THE UNION ARMY: UNITED STATES FEDERAL CENSUS RECORDS, 1850, 1860, 1900, 1910 (ICPSR 6836) and CAPITAL PUNISHMENT IN THE UNITED STATES, 1973-1998 (ICPSR 2977).

    The codebook is provided by the principal investigators as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file.

Note
2001-06-27 Replacement data have been provided by the principal investigators in logical record length format, and SAS and SPSS data definitions statements were created. Also, the codebook is now available as a PDF file. Funding insitution(s): University of Chicago. Booth School of Business. Center for Population Economics. Walgreen Foundation. Exxon Foundation.
Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9425 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR09425.v1
Publications
  • Sohn, Kitae. The human capital of black soldiers during the American Civil War. Economics Letters.122, (1), 40-43.2014.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.econlet.2013.10.035 (DOI)
  • Costa, Dora L., Kahn, Matthew E.. Health, wartime stress, and unit cohesion: Evidence from Union Army veterans. Demography.47, (1), 45-66.2010.
    • ID: 10.1353/dem.0.0095 (DOI)
  • Cuff, Timothy. The Hidden Cost of Economic Development: The Biological Standard of Living in Antebellum Pennsylvania. Aldershot, England: Ashgate Publishers. 2005.
  • A’Hearn, Brian. The antebellum puzzle revisited: A new look at the physical stature of Union Army recruits during the Civil War. The Biological Standard of Living in Comparative Perspectives: Proceedings of a Conference Held in Munich January 18-23, 1997.Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag. 1998.
  • Craig, Lee, Weisss, Thomas. Nutritional status and agricultural surpluses in the antebellum United States. The Biological Standard of Living in Comparative Perspectives: Proceedings of a Conference Held in Munich January 18-23, 1997.Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag. 1998.
  • Costa, Dora L., Steckel, Richard H.. Long-term trends in health, welfare, and economic growth in the United States. Health and Welfare During Industrialization.Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. 1997.
  • Fogel, Robert W.. Without Consent or Contract: The Rise and Fall of American Slavery. New York: Norton. 1989.
  • Fogel, Robert W.. Nutrition and the decline in mortality since 1700: Some preliminary findings. Long-Term Factors in American Economic Growth.Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 1986.
  • Margo, Robert A., Steckel, Richard. The heights of native-born whites during the antebellum period. Journal of Economic History.43, (1), 167-174.1983.
    • ID: 10.1017/S0022050700029144 (DOI)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 8 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Fogel, Robert W.; Engerman, Stanley L.; Pope, Clayne; Wimmer, Larry (1991): Union Army Recruits in White Regiments in the United States, 1861-1865. Archival Version. Civil War Veterans Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09425