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Freedom and Tolerance in the United States, 1987

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Gibson, James L.
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • National Science Foundation
Free Keywords
attitudes; freedom; political attitudes; political behavior; political interest; public opinion; tolerance
  • Abstract

    The purpose of this data collection was to examine political tolerance and perceptions of personal freedom in the United States. Respondents were questioned regarding their feelings about social groups currently active in politics (e.g., the group most disliked, whether its members should be banned from running for public office, teaching in public schools, and making public speeches, and whether this group was threatening to the American way of life). Respondents also were asked for their opinions of government agencies, Congress, and the Supreme Court, including whether the government should allow public meetings to oppose the government and whether the power of the Supreme Court to declare acts of Congress unconstitutional should be eliminated. Additionally, respondents were queried about their political behavior (e.g., frequency of political discussions with co-workers, friends, casual acquaintances, and neighbors), about a variety of psychological and philosophical issues, and about their alcoholic drinking behavior.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Created variable labels and/or value labels..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Raw Data
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1987
  • 1987-06 / 1987-07
    Collection date: 1987-06--1987-07
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
English-speaking persons 18 years of age and over, living in noninstitutional arrangements within the United States.
A panel (re-interview) was selected randomly, within gender strata, from respondents of 1987 General Social Survey, which was a national probability sample with a special oversample of Black respondents.
Collection Mode
  • The raw data for this collection contain seven 92-character records per case.

2010-02-23 SAS, SPSS, and Stata setups have been added to this data collection. Funding insitution(s): National Science Foundation (SES 86-06642).
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9454 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR09454.v1
  • Gibson, James L.. The reasonable citizen. Political freedom: A sociopsychological analysis. Reconsidering the Democratic Public.University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press. 1993.
  • Gibson, James L.. Alternative Measures of Political Tolerance: Must Tolerance be 'Least-Liked'?. American Journal of Political Science.36, (2), 560-577.1992.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Gibson, James L.. The political consequences of intolerance: Cultural conformity and political freedom. American Political Science Review.86, (2), 338-356.1992.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Gibson, James L.. Institutional legitimacy, procedural justice, and compliance with Supreme Court decisions: A question of causality. Law and Society Review.25, (3), 631-635.1991.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Tyler, Tom R., Rasinsky, Kenneth. Procedural justice, institutional legitimacy, and the acceptance of unpopular U.S. Supreme Court decisions: A reply to Gibson. Law and Society Review.25, (3), 621-630.1991.
    • ID: (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 8 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Gibson, James L. (1991): Freedom and Tolerance in the United States, 1987. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.